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公共卫生决策
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  public health policies
     Correct recognition of the combined effects of the risk factors is of important significance for the primary prevention and making up the public health policies.
     正确识别因素间联合作用的模式对于疾病的一级预防和公共卫生决策的制订具有重要意义。
短句来源
  “公共卫生决策”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Analysis of the Ethics Decision Mode of Public Health
     论公共卫生决策的伦理模式
短句来源
     and can also be referenced by the local public health authorities for aids prevention decision making.
     其次,其成果可以成为甘肃省公共卫生决策的一个依据。
短句来源
     2, Secondly, the survey result can also be referenced by managers of correctional settings of any other kinds for their AIDS prevention planning in China.
     2.研究成果对我国国家一级公共卫生决策具有参考价值:对我国整个公安司法系统的艾滋病预防决策亦具有参考价值; 对我国公安及司法系统的戒毒所其它类型监禁场所的艾滋病预防工作具有借鉴意义。
短句来源
     The ethics decision of public health is a fundamental issue in the study of public health ethics.
     公共卫生决策的伦理问题是公共卫生伦理研究的一个核心问题。
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  相似匹配句对
     What is public health?
     什么是公共卫生?
短句来源
     Sustainable Development of Public Health
     公共卫生的可持续发展
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     Ethic Decisions on Public Health
     论公共卫生伦理决策
短句来源
     Analysis of the Ethics Decision Mode of Public Health
     论公共卫生决策的伦理模式
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  public health policies
Brazilian researchers of different regions should identify their most frequent genotypes to provide better understanding on this disease and state adequate public health policies.
      
National public health policies for prevention and care in urinary incontinence in the elderly
      
The PP view suggests that the public's perception of any risks is so important that public health policies should be formulated in direct response to knowledge about them.
      
Information on the distribution of functionally relevant polymorphisms among ethnic populations may be important towards developing community medicine and public health policies.
      
This continuing study will provide longitudinal information regarding the development of osteoporosis and associated risk factors which will eventually be of use to develop public health policies.
      
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The author used 3 different interaction effect mthods:interaction analysis ,adding interaction items to the multi variate logistic regression model, employing general relative risk models to study the risk factors of primary gastric cancer selected by conditional logistic regression model,pointed out their advantage and shortcomings. Correct recognition of the combined effects of the risk factors is of important significance for the primary prevention and making up the public health policies.

本文对原发性胃癌病例对照研究中筛选出的危险因素:不良饮食嗜好、常食咸菜、吸烟量、食用陈旧食品等运用三种不同的交互作用研究方法,即叉生分析、多因素logistic回归模型中加入交互作用项和使用GLIM软件进行广义相对危险度分析等作了分析和比较;并指出了各自的优缺点。正确识别因素间联合作用的模式对于疾病的一级预防和公共卫生决策的制订具有重要意义。

Objective An arithmetic model was established to reflect the natural development of chronic hepatitis B, and to help decision making in public health. Methods The frame of this model was composed of 6 states-chronic hepatitis B (CHB), natural recovery (NR), compensated cirrhosis (CIR),decompensated cirrhosis (DEC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and death (DEA). It was supposed that each state would develop into the other possible states at different rates after different years. According to many related reports,...

Objective An arithmetic model was established to reflect the natural development of chronic hepatitis B, and to help decision making in public health. Methods The frame of this model was composed of 6 states-chronic hepatitis B (CHB), natural recovery (NR), compensated cirrhosis (CIR),decompensated cirrhosis (DEC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and death (DEA). It was supposed that each state would develop into the other possible states at different rates after different years. According to many related reports, 15 values or functions of transfer rates were calculated, and on the ground of them the present model-the Foxpro program was established. Hypothetical CHB and other patients had been introduced to simulate the natural course over 55 years. Results It was shown that the observation period when 50% of NR,CIR,DEC and HCC were developed from CHB were 3,11,20 and 24 years respectively. The CHB,CIR,DEC and HCC patients could last 30,12,4 and less than 1 year respectively before half of them died. At the 30 th year,proportions of death were 41.3% from HCC,33.0% from DEC and 25.7% from the other causes. Conclusion After the comparison between the main results of the model and real reports from the past years, it could be concluded that the model was reliable.

目的 了解慢性乙型肝炎的自然史 ,辅助公共卫生决策。方法 建立慢性肝病转归的计算机模型。模型框架包含慢性乙型肝炎 (CHB)、自愈 (NR)、代偿性肝硬化 (CIR)、失代偿性肝硬化(DEC)、原发性肝癌 (HCC)和死亡 (DEA)等阶段。模型假设每年每一阶段患者都以不同的概率向其它可能的阶段转化 ,参考有关文献确定了其间 15个相互转化的概率公式 ,并将它们融合到Foxpro语言编制的模型当中 ,分别对假想的CHB和其他患者进行了长达 5 5年的模拟。结果 CHB发展为NR、CIR、DEC和HCC的中位年数依次为 3、11、2 0和 2 4年 ,CHB、CIR、DEC和HCC发展为DEA的中位年数分别为 30、12、4和不足 1年 ,第 30年时CHB患者的死因构成包括HCC(41.3% )、DEC(33.0 % )和其它疾病 (2 5 .7% )三部分。结论 模型模拟的主要结果经与过去的研究资料比较后证明是可靠的

The ethics decision of public health is a fundamental issue in the study of public health ethics. Recently many serious ethics issues emerge in our current health care system.The main root of these ethics issues is the serious absence of ethics consideration.On the basis of analysing the scientific view of health,to explicate a new ethics decision model of public health which includes following procedures such as government function, information system of public health and input from the government.

公共卫生决策的伦理问题是公共卫生伦理研究的一个核心问题。近年来我国公共卫生领域出现了大量严重的伦理问题,其主要根源在于公共卫生决策的伦理缺失。强调指出公共卫生伦理决策应当树立科学健康观,并以此为基础,从转变政府职能、强化公共卫生信息系统和加大政府投入等方面详细论述了公共卫生伦理决策的一种新模式。

 
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