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市场力
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  market power
    Researche on Strategies and Methods of Market Power Regulation in Electricity Market
    电力市场中市场力规制的策略与方法研究
短句来源
    Use Power Flow Tracing to Study Market Power in Electricity Market
    用潮流追踪研究电力市场中的市场力
短句来源
    COMPARISON OF MARKET POWER IN THREE OLIGOPOLY MODELS OF ELECETRICITY MARKET
    电力市场三种寡头竞争模型的市场力分析比较
短句来源
    MARKET POWER ANALYSIS CONSIDERING RAMP RATE CONSTRAINT IN ELECTRICITY MARKET
    电力市场中考虑发电机组功率速度约束的市场力分析
短句来源
    Evaluation of market power and bidding strategies for generation in electricity markets
    电力市场中市场力的评估与发电竞标策略
短句来源
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  market force
    The relation between the equilibrium solution and the market force is discussed, and the influence of the Contract for Difference on the equilibrium solution and the market force is studied.
    论证了需求侧竞价情况下市场均衡解存在且唯一,并探讨了均衡解和市场力之间的关系,证明差价合约对均衡解和发电商市场力的影响。
短句来源
  market forces
    It briefly describes the basic concept of the game theory,and presents the application of the game theory in the electric market,which will play a role in the decision-making of price bidding on the power grid and in the reduction of market forces.
    简述了博弈论的基本概念,并介绍了博弈论在电力市场中的应用,包括在竞价上网决策和降低市场力方面的应用。
短句来源
  “市场力”译为未确定词的双语例句
    (4) analysis of the structure of electricity market in China, and study of the market behavior of power suppliers under specific market structure;
    (4)我国电力市场结构分析以及基于博弈论的特定市场结构对市场力的影响分析;
短句来源
    At fist, from the view of electricity suppliers, Five indices methods (HHI, DHHI, MRR, Lerner, MPC) are used to analyze their competitive status.
    首先从发电企业的角度,对HHI,DHHI,MRR,Lerner,MPC五种主要市场力指标进行分类分析,分为报价事前分析和报价事后分析。
短句来源
    The theory of m odern industrial organization is used to analyze electricity market and the behaviors of m arket participants. Considering the particularities of power industry,it is concluded that the electricity m arket is neither perfect com petition nor m onopoly. In fact it has the characteristics of oligopoly and m onopolistic competition.
    从工业组织理论角度来分析电力市场及其参与者的行为规律 ,根据电力工业的特点 ,指出电力市场既不是完全竞争的也不是完全垄断的市场 ,而是介于两者间的垄断性竞争和寡头垄断性市场 ,因此电力市场参与者具有寡头垄断市场所具有的市场力等特征。
短句来源
    The Simple Analysis of Market Powerin Electrical Market only Opening Generation Side
    浅析发电侧市场中的市场力
短句来源
    Considering the two generators' strategic behaviors, i.e., strategic bidding and withholding capacity, the transformation from the withholding capacity of individual generator to the tacit collusion of all generators is developed by SFE model.
    应用供应函数均衡模型时,同时考虑发电商策略性报价和容量持留这两种实施市场力的行为,分析了发电商从单独容量持留阶段向默契勾结持留容量阶段的演变过程。
短句来源
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  market power
For a first-price auction different indexes of the "market power" are investigated as applied to the electricity market.
      
Much of the marketing and management literature emphasizes the importance of Strategic Business Units (SBUs) as an organizational unit in developing market power or competitive advantage.
      
Market coordination breakdowns can be formulated in terms of Incomplete Market Structures, whatever is the assumption made about market power (monopoly or competition).
      
We find strong evidence that large investors and corporate insiders possess market power that allows them to manipulate prices.
      
Moreover, this activity, far from destroying the foundations of market power, seems to enhance it.
      
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  market force
Apparently, rural communications cannot be left to market force it is but a government responsibility.
      
As managed care became more of a market force in North Carolina, a number of mergers occurred.
      
Basically, economic efficiency can be attained by the market force.
      
If mobile commerce ever becomes a mass market force, it will take years or even decades to perfect.
      
In tourism, travel agents are a powerful market force, and keeping them satisfied for any company in travel business is of key importance.
      
更多          
  market forces
GROOMING AND COERCION IN ONE-MALE UNITS OF HAMADRYAS BABOONS: MARKET FORCES OR RELATIONSHIP CONSTRAINTS
      
In some kinds of animal social systems it appears that the main effect of demographic factors is to constrain the individuals' expression of their partner preferences and with it the possibility of detecting market forces.
      
Pressures from global market forces along with austerity and retrenchment have generated predictions of converging welfare state institutions.
      
The first of these is the use of market forces and consumer preference through a turtle-safe shrimp labelling scheme.
      
Markets and market forces were responsible for the allocation and distribution of materials in the ancient Near East from the end of the third millennium.
      
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In an electricity market. power suppliers can maximize profits through strategic hidding. while it is also necessaryfor regulators to investigate such strategic bidding behavior so as to identify possible market power abuse and to limit suchabuse by introducing appropliate market management rules. A consideTable amount of literature has been produced on thissubject in recent years. and this motivates our effort to make a comprehensive literature survey in this paper based on morethan 30 research publications....

In an electricity market. power suppliers can maximize profits through strategic hidding. while it is also necessaryfor regulators to investigate such strategic bidding behavior so as to identify possible market power abuse and to limit suchabuse by introducing appropliate market management rules. A consideTable amount of literature has been produced on thissubject in recent years. and this motivates our effort to make a comprehensive literature survey in this paper based on morethan 30 research publications. It is expected that this survey will provide access to state of --the art analysis. and welldocumented material for researchers and engineers abollt this important research topic.This project is jointly supported by Research Fund of Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Zhejiang ProvincialFoundation for Outstanding Young Scientists.

在电力市场环境下 ,发电公司可通过采用策略性的投标来取得最大利润。另一方面 ,市场调节或监管机构 (regulator)需要评估发电公司的策略性投标行为 ,考察滥用市场力 (market power)的可能性 ,以确定适当的市场结构和管理规则 ,确保市场竞争。这样 ,研究最优的投标策略是发电公司和市场调节机构都感兴趣的课题。近几年中 ,这方面的研究工作相当活跃 ,发表了数十篇论文。文中对这一领域的研究工作进行简要的综述。

Being one of the most im portant characteristics of power market ancillary services,reserves have deep influences on security and reliability of power systems. The paper summarizes the hot topics in this research field,such as the classification methods of the reserves and their new trends;the relations between reserves and reliability,and the calculation of the reliability index;cost- benefit analysis,including its algorithm s and the calculation of som e relative param eters;and the operation of the reserve...

Being one of the most im portant characteristics of power market ancillary services,reserves have deep influences on security and reliability of power systems. The paper summarizes the hot topics in this research field,such as the classification methods of the reserves and their new trends;the relations between reserves and reliability,and the calculation of the reliability index;cost- benefit analysis,including its algorithm s and the calculation of som e relative param eters;and the operation of the reserve market and evaluation of the market power. A special type of reserve,interruptible load,is also discussed from its capacity,prices and opportunity of interruption.At the end of the paper,the problem s that need to be urgently studied are presented.

备用是辅助服务的主要组成部分 ,关系到电力系统的安全运行和可靠性 ,是电力市场重要的特征之一。文中在总结该领域主要研究内容的基础上 ,讨论了备用的各种分类方法、备用在电力市场中分类的趋势以及备用与可靠性的关系 ,并进一步介绍了与备用密切相关的可靠性指标的计算方法 ;备用的成本效益分析 ,包括成本效益计算思路和相关参数的获取 ;备用市场的运营、市场力的评估等当前研究相对深入的问题 ,并对一种特殊备用——可中断负荷 ,从可中断的容量、价格、时机等方面进行了综述。最后 ,提出该领域中急需研究的问题。

The theory of m odern industrial organization is used to analyze electricity market and the behaviors of m arket participants.Considering the particularities of power industry,it is concluded that the electricity m arket is neither perfect com petition nor m onopoly.In fact it has the characteristics of oligopoly and m onopolistic competition.The participants may have market power and manipulate the market price to grasp m ore profits.They can also make their decisions through cooperative or non- cooperative...

The theory of m odern industrial organization is used to analyze electricity market and the behaviors of m arket participants.Considering the particularities of power industry,it is concluded that the electricity m arket is neither perfect com petition nor m onopoly.In fact it has the characteristics of oligopoly and m onopolistic competition.The participants may have market power and manipulate the market price to grasp m ore profits.They can also make their decisions through cooperative or non- cooperative gam ing.The importance of demand elasticity,the openness of market information and the surveillance of electricity market is also analyzed.

从工业组织理论角度来分析电力市场及其参与者的行为规律 ,根据电力工业的特点 ,指出电力市场既不是完全竞争的也不是完全垄断的市场 ,而是介于两者间的垄断性竞争和寡头垄断性市场 ,因此电力市场参与者具有寡头垄断市场所具有的市场力等特征。同时分析了在市场竞争中参与者可通过协作和不协作博弈进行决策 ,其中协作博弈可获取更大利益 ,但有被欺骗的危险。文中也指出了用户需求弹性、市场信息公开及共享以及市场监管对市场公正有序、稳定运行的重要性

 
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