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感染     
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  infection
    Application of genotyping in the study of intrafamilial clustering of Helicobacter pylori infection in children
    应用基因分型技术研究儿童幽门螺杆菌感染的家庭聚集现象
短句来源
    Association of Cytokine Response Patterns and Interleukin-12p40 Gene Polymorphism with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Infancy
    细胞因子反应类型及白细胞介素-12p40基因多态性与婴幼儿RSV感染关系的研究
短句来源
    The Role of Icam-1 and NF-κB in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection and Inhibition of RSV Replication by 10-23DNA Enzyme in Vitro
    ICAM-1和NF-κB在RSV感染中的作用及10-23型脱氧核酶体外抗RSV效应的实验研究
短句来源
    Study on the Clinical Epidemiology of Children Diarrhea with Rotavirus Infection in Shanghai Area
    上海地区儿童腹泻轮状病毒感染的临床流行病学研究
短句来源
    Relationship of IFN-γ Gene Polymorphism with Susceptibility to Intrauterine HBV Infection
    IFN-γ基因多态性与宫内HBV感染易感性关系的研究
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  infected
    CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF 31 INFANTS INFECTED WITH SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM IN HOSPITAL
    婴儿鼠伤寒医院内感染31例临床分析
短句来源
    Study on the cellular immune function of the intrauterine HBV infected children inoculated with HB vaccine
    宫内HBV感染接种乙型肝炎疫苗小儿的细胞免疫功能的研究
短句来源
    A preliminary study on the mechanism and prognosis of immune failure of vaccination against HBV in intrauterine HBV infected infants
    宫内感染HBV婴儿接种乙肝疫苗免疫失败的机理和预后研究
短句来源
    The PCR results showed that most pathogenic bacilli which infected newborn could be separated two or more genes of ESBLs.
    PCR扩增结果显示,多数新生儿感染致病菌中分离出2种或2种以上的ESBLs基因。
短句来源
    Conclusions In Guangzhou,the incidence rate of ESBLs-producing strain are very high inpathogenic bacilli which infected in newborn and is multidrug resistance. The genetypes of produced ESBLs are TEM,SHV,CTX-M1,CTX-M9,OXA.
    结论广州地区新生儿感染致病性革兰阴性杆菌中产ESBLs菌株发生率较高,且为多重耐药,其基因型为TEM型和SHV、CTX-M1、CTX-M9、OXA型。
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  infections
    Relationship between Mannose-binding Lectin Gene Polymorphism and Infections in Children
    儿童MBL基因多态与相关感染的关系
短句来源
    STUDY ON ETIOLOGY OF ADENOVIRUS INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN,CHANGCHUN
    长春地区儿童腺病毒感染的病原学探讨
短句来源
    Levamisole in Prophylaxis of Recurrent Respiratory Infections in Children
    左旋咪唑预防小儿反复呼吸道感染
短句来源
    Humoral Immunological State in Children with Recurrent Respiratory Infections
    反复呼吸道感染小儿的体液免疫状态
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    Investigations on Intestinal Helminth Infections in 820 Kindergarten and Primary School Children in Wuhan
    武汉市820名幼儿、小学生肠道蠕虫感染调查
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  infectious
    [Conclusion] HBeAg(+), Pre-S1Ag(+) or HBV-DNA(+) in pregnant women is one of the high risk factors of fetal intrauterine infection. Intrauterine infectious rate increased significantly when HBV DNA load was increased in blood of pregnant women.
    结论孕妇血清中HBeAg、Pre-S1Ag和HBV-DNA阳性是胎儿宫内感染HBV的高危因素,胎儿宫内感染率随母血中HBV-DNA含量增加而增加。
短句来源
    Methods Retrospectively study of 8 children with infectious mononucleosis syndrome due to mycoplasma pneumoniae.
    方法对8例肺炎支原体感染致小儿传染性单核细胞增多综合征的临床特点及其诊断治疗进行回顾性分析。
短句来源
    Studying infectious state of three kinds of viruses (CVB, CMV and EBV) in respiratory tract infection in children
    小儿呼吸道疾病CVB、CMV和EBV感染状态的研究
短句来源
    Analyzing the infectious state of coxsackievirus B in hospitalized children
    住院儿柯萨奇病毒B组感染状况的分析
短句来源
    Clinical analysis of 29 children with early infectious complications following hematopoietic stem cells transplantation
    造血干细胞移植后早期感染29例临床分析
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  infection
Two typical delay regimes, i.e., uniform and degree-dependent delays are incorporated into the SIS epidemic model to investigate the epidemic infection processes in the local-world network model.
      
The results indicate that the infection delay will promote the epidemic outbreaks, increase the prevalence and reduce the critical threshold of epidemic spreading.
      
AM infection was severely restrained by 12% soil water content.
      
Relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll, soluble sugar and starch content of EI and EF populations under normal and drought stress conditions were compared to investigate the effect of endophyte infection on the host plant.
      
Both genes were determined to be nonessential in viral replication and infection.
      
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  infected
An improved susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model in the local-world evolving network model is presented to study the epidemic spreading behavior with time delay, which is added into the infected phase.
      
Niche of insect borers within Pinus massoniana infected by pine wood nematode
      
Results show that five insect species infect and damage Pinus massoniana, which had been infected by pine wood nematodes, among which four are wood boring beetles and one termite.
      
Photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic products of endophyte-infected and endophyte-free Lolium perenne L.
      
Endophyte-infected (EI) seeds of Lolium perenne L.
      
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  infections
In recent years, significant progress has been made towards the chemotherapy (and ?prophylaxis) of HIV infections.
      
Taken together, it is obvious that in recent years both more diverse and more efficient approaches have become available for the treatment of HIV infections.
      
HIV is the most significant risk factor for many opportunistic infections like tuberculosis, hepatitis, bacterial infections etc.
      
We designed an isatin lead compound as a novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor with broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic properties for the effective treatment of AIDS and AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
      
Serologic study on the outbreak of acute upper respiratory tract infections caused by adenovirus 3
      
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  infectious
Epidemiologic model of SIS type has a delay corresponding to the infectious period and disease-related deaths, so that the population size is variable.
      
The persistence of the infectious disease and disease-related deaths can lead to a new equilibrium population size below the carrying capacity.
      
This paper considers an SEIS epidemic model with infectious force in the latent period and a general population-size dependent contact rate.
      
The same qualitative results are obtained provided the threshold is more than unity for the corresponding SEIS model with no infectious force in the latent period.
      
Such effect of nitric oxide on catalytic activity of myeloperoxidase has various consequences for infectious and local inflammatory processes.
      
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  其他


The causative factors for misdiagnosis of 44 cases proven typhoid fever during January 1974 through December 1978 inclusive were investigated. The condition was often mistaken for virus infections, salmonella infection, septicemia,malaria, tuberculosis, peritonitis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, etc. The misdiagnosis was mainly attributed to unusual manifestations of typhoid fever or an increase in mild and atypical cases. In order to raise the diagnostic accuracy, the authors suggest that in patients who have...

The causative factors for misdiagnosis of 44 cases proven typhoid fever during January 1974 through December 1978 inclusive were investigated. The condition was often mistaken for virus infections, salmonella infection, septicemia,malaria, tuberculosis, peritonitis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, etc. The misdiagnosis was mainly attributed to unusual manifestations of typhoid fever or an increase in mild and atypical cases. In order to raise the diagnostic accuracy, the authors suggest that in patients who have had a fever for more than a week with leukopenia on no significant leukocy-tosis, one of the following should be suspected of being typboid fever and got proved : (1 ) diarrhoea, loose stool without pus and blood in the early stage, no pus cells and phagocytes seen under the microscope, and negative S.S culture; ( 2 ) hepatomegaly, especially when the spleen can be palpable in supine position; ( 3 ) headache, vomiting, positive meningeal irritation symptoms and signs with nornal C.S.F.; and (4) symptoms of digestive tract varied in severity, mild tenderness in the lower right quadrant, sudden hemorrhage of lower digestive tract, or the presence of manifestations similar to those of peritonitis due to perforated appendix.

本文分析了我院自1974年1月至1978年12月五年间44例伤寒患者入院时误诊的原因.通常误诊的疾病有:病毒感染、沙门氏菌感染、败血症、疟疾、结核病、腹膜炎及消化道出血等.最主要的原因是由于伤寒的某些临床表现异常,轻型和不典型的病例增多所致.为进一步提高本病的诊断率作者提出了粗浅的意见,即凡持续一周以上的发热,伴有白细胞减低(或无明显增高)的患者,出现下列任何一种情况时,均应疑为伤寒的可能:1.早期腹泻,便稀而无脓血,镜检无脓球及吞噬细胞,培养阴性者;2.肝肿大或脾肿大,特别要注意在病程中触及脾肿大者,3.发热、头痛、呕吐及脑膜刺激征阳性,而脑脊液检查正常者;4.有不同程度的消化道症状,右下腹轻度压痛,突然发生下消化道出血,或类似阑尾穿孔的腹膜炎表现者.

In order to recognize E. coli septiccmia more deeply and to diagnose the disease earlier, we made a retrospective analysis of all the records of the proved cases seen recently in our hospital.

为提高对大肠杆菌败血症的认识和及时作出诊断,本文回顾性分析我院近年来经血培养证实为大肠杆菌败血症的病历.分析其中19例在血培养证实前的误诊情况:误诊为伤寒3例,急性胃肠炎3例,上呼吸道感染2例,流行性出血热1例,仅诊断出败血症的原发灶或迁徙灶者5例;由于仅注意到原发病而漏诊败血症者5例.由于本病缺乏特征性临床表现,故早期诊断有一定困难,再加上多数患者不发热,血白细胞不增高,未出现明显的呕吐、腹泻等,更易造成误诊,均应引起临床警惕.

12 cases of foreign body aspiration of the lower respiratory tract were misdiagnosed aspneumonia,atelectasis or bronchial asthma during the years of 1966-1979.The causes ofmisdiagnosis were:(1) lack of typical history of foreign body aspiration,(2) presence ofpredominant clincal picture of respiratory tract infection such as fever,cough,wheeze,hoarseness and expectoration,(3) negative chest film or one showing only pneumonia,obstructive atelectasis and emphysema.It was emphasized that a detailed history should...

12 cases of foreign body aspiration of the lower respiratory tract were misdiagnosed aspneumonia,atelectasis or bronchial asthma during the years of 1966-1979.The causes ofmisdiagnosis were:(1) lack of typical history of foreign body aspiration,(2) presence ofpredominant clincal picture of respiratory tract infection such as fever,cough,wheeze,hoarseness and expectoration,(3) negative chest film or one showing only pneumonia,obstructive atelectasis and emphysema.It was emphasized that a detailed history should betaken in every case and bronchoscopy should be done without delay in suspected cases.

本文对我院1966~1979年间所遇到的曾被误诊为肺炎、肺不张或支气管哮喘等疾病,后证实为下呼吸道异物的12例患儿进行了分析。其误诊原因有:(1)无典型的异物吸入病史;(2)临床上呼吸道感染症状较突出;(3)X 线胸片阴性或显示肺炎、阻塞性肺不张和肺气肿,因而被误诊为肺部疾病。文中提出为避免误诊应注意详细询问病史,如 X 线胸片中发现肺部某一固定部位显示肺不张、肺气肿或复发性肺炎时,应结合症状洋细进行异物吸入病史的询问:有可疑者应作支气管镜检查。

 
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