2°×2°mean monthly COADS grid data in E1 Nino and La Nina years of 1987 and 1974 are used to compute the fluxes of net longwave radiation, sensible and latent heats, solar radiation and heat budget on the tropical Pacific surface (30°S-30°N). The differences of the heat fluxes between E1 Nino and La Nina mainly occurred on the equatorial ocean surface, especially the area to the west coast of Ecuador and Peru.

The result shows that the average fluxes of ~7Be,~(210)Pb are 1.67 and 0.32 Bq/(m~2·d) respectively during April to November 2002 and average fluxes of ~7Be,~(210)Pb and ~(210)Po are 2.15,0.51 and 0.083 Bq/(m~2·d) during May to September 2004.

The zonal index and the divergence of summer water vapor transport flux over Northwest China are analysed by using NCEP/NCAR monthly mean reanalysis data from 1970 to 1997. The analysed results show that the interannual change of moisture flux divergence resulted by moisture advection is constant, but resulted by wind field convergence or divergence is unstable.

The daily moisture transport flux(Q)calculated by using NCAR/NCEP reanalyzed data from 1950 to 2004 and the monthly mean moisture transport flux are used to analyze the characteristics of moisture transport over Asian-Australian monsoon region.

The increased glucose flux through this metabolic pathway has been linked to the development of diabetic complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and cataract.

In diabetes, increased flux through the polyol pathway has been implicated in the development of diabetic complications such as cataract, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy.

At last, we also get the super-convergence estimates for total flux.

Research on a direct torque control for an electrically excited synchronous motor drive with low ripple in flux and torque

Therefore, the torque and stator flux linkage ripples are high in the direct torque control (DTC) drive of the ESM with a torque and flux linkage hysteresis controller (basic DTC).

This paper deals with asymptotic analysis of a parabolic system with inner absorptions and coupled nonlinear boundary fluxes.

Relations between carbon dioxide fluxes and environmental factors of Kobresia humilis meadows and Potentilla fruticosa meadows

There exists a negative correlation between the vegetation albedos and the carbon dioxide fluxes.

The fluxes of carbon dioxide generated during this degradation were deduced from differences in the carbon isotope abundance ratios of glucose δ13C = -11.4 per mil) and SOM δ13C = -27.01 per mil).

2D [1H,13C] NMR study of carbon fluxes during glucose utilization by Escherichia coli MG1655

The fluxes of carbon dioxide generated during this degradation were deduced from differences in the carbon isotope abundance ratios of glucose δ13C = -11.4 per mil) and SOM δ13C = -27.01 per mil).

Analytical expressions for the direct and reverse fluxes of molecular aggregates over the first and second potential barriers of the aggregation work in the presence of spherical and cylindrical micelles in non-ionic surfactant solution were derived.

Analytical expressions for the direct and reverse fluxes of molecular aggregates over the first and second potential barriers of the aggregation work in the presence of spherical and cylindrical micelles in non-ionic surfactant solution were derived.

These bursts were identified with powerful solar flares, during which time fluxes of hard X-ray radiation, meter-wave radio bursts (types II and IV), and coronal transients were observed.

The results of measuring the fluxes of ionospheric ions in the nightside polar cap at an altitude of about 20 000 km are presented.

This result asserts that the vertical component of heat turbulent transport flux is composed of both the transport of the vertical potential temperature gradient and the coupling transport of the vertical velocity.

In this procedure irradiation irreversibly photolyzes chromophores in the cell while fresh chromophores enter the cell by membrane transport (flux).

Here, it also was found that the time between GA3 application and detection of an enhanced transport flux was independent of the length of the transport pathway.

Moreover, it was found that the time between kinetin application and detection of an enhanced transport flux was independent of the distance over which kinetin would need to move to be present throughout the length of the transport pathway.

A strong dependence of the transport flux densities on structural details of the carriers as well as of the bile pigments themselves is observed.

For 9.6μ band of ozone, theory and experimental results show that the pressure-correction (p/p0)K for optical length ?of absorbing gas is a function of p and u. The pressure-correction f(u, p) = (p/p0)K is determined from experimental results. The mean slab absorptivity Af(u'} and d Af(u'}/du of this band is computed.When u is small, weak line approximation is valid, f(a, p) = 1. The pressure-correction for du' in calculating radiative divergence dFz/du' should be unity, and dAf(u'}/du' approaches a constant...

For 9.6μ band of ozone, theory and experimental results show that the pressure-correction (p/p0)K for optical length ?of absorbing gas is a function of p and u. The pressure-correction f(u, p) = (p/p0)K is determined from experimental results. The mean slab absorptivity Af(u'} and d Af(u'}/du of this band is computed.When u is small, weak line approximation is valid, f(a, p) = 1. The pressure-correction for du' in calculating radiative divergence dFz/du' should be unity, and dAf(u'}/du' approaches a constant value 2s/d.

Based on the data of radiation and evaporation from Beijing Solar Radiation Station and Quanting Evaporation Station, the Penman's formula is corrected aswhere HO is the radiation balance expressed in evaporation units, Ea is the "drying power" determined from windspeed and the vapour-pressure deficit. Evaporation from open water may be expressed by equationwhere F is heat flux downward from water surface. During the increasing temperature season its sign is plus, and in decreasing temperature season minus....

Based on the data of radiation and evaporation from Beijing Solar Radiation Station and Quanting Evaporation Station, the Penman's formula is corrected aswhere HO is the radiation balance expressed in evaporation units, Ea is the "drying power" determined from windspeed and the vapour-pressure deficit. Evaporation from open water may be expressed by equationwhere F is heat flux downward from water surface. During the increasing temperature season its sign is plus, and in decreasing temperature season minus. Since we lack the data of water temperature gradiant, F cannot be directly calculated. In this paper it is suggested that the regressive equations of E depending on E0 may be respectively established during increasing or decreasing temperature season. Thus, the monthly values of evaporation in warm season in Beijing may be estimated by following formulas

In this papar, a direct method for calculating divergence, vorticity and vertical velocity on computer, without objective analysis, is proposed. Similar technique is applicable to calculation of physical quantities, such as gradient, advection and flux.However, in practical application, there still remain some problems to be solved, such as the inconsistency between the number of the vertical boundary conditions usually specified in an atmospheric model and the order of the equation of continuity, the problem...

In this papar, a direct method for calculating divergence, vorticity and vertical velocity on computer, without objective analysis, is proposed. Similar technique is applicable to calculation of physical quantities, such as gradient, advection and flux.However, in practical application, there still remain some problems to be solved, such as the inconsistency between the number of the vertical boundary conditions usually specified in an atmospheric model and the order of the equation of continuity, the problem how to calculate the vertical velocity in the case of uneven vertical resolution and the case of mountainous regions.To tackle these problems, some preliminary methods have been suggested and the equivalency of two different formulations of vertical velocity has been discussed. The formulations are as follows. 1. If the vertical distribution of div V is given, solve the equationunder the condition: at p = p0, ω = 0; 2. If the vertical distribution of is given, solve the equationunder the conditions: at p = p0, ω= 0 and at p = ps,ω = ωs. Here p0 is the pressure at the top of the model atmosphere assumed, and ps is that at the earth surface. It can be shown that only the conditionbeing satisfied can the two formulations be said to be equivalent to each other.Finally, calculations of some physical quantities for a case of large-scale heavy precipitation in South China are given. The results seem reasonable and in agreement with most forecasters' experiences.