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天人思想
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  heaven-human thought
     On the characteristic of Sima Qian's heaven-human thought and its genesis
     略论司马迁天人思想的特点及其成因
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     The Nature and Man Uniting As One Always Returns "Truly" ——Dialysis of the Logical Structure of "Doctrine of the Mean" and Its Carrying On Beauty Thought
     天人合一总归“诚”——透析《中庸》的逻辑结构及其天人思想的承前启后
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     On the Rationality of the Thought That Man,As a Microcosm,Is Connectedwith the Macrocosm(天人相应)
     试论相应思想的科学性
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     The Origin of the Theory That Man Is an Integral and Telepathic Part of Universe.
     感应和合一思想的由来
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     An Analysis of the Tie between Man and Nature Sponsored by Confucianism and Taoism
     儒道“之际”思想浅析
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     The Ideological and Cultural Foundation of the Theory of Human-Environmental Inter Relation
     相应论的思想文化基础
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     Wen Tianxiang and His Military Thoughts
     文祥其及其军事思想
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Abstract The thoughts of Zhou people's revolution and receiving the heaven's orders were based theoretically on the concepts of philosophy in the Book of Changes. According to the Zhou people's ideas, the God in heaven and the common people in earth could communicate with each other and ideas held by the people would be followed by the God.The characteristic of theocratic worship in the Zhou dynasty was its unification with the means of political government.

周人革命与受命的思想,是以《周易》变易革新的哲学观作为理论依据的。周人所言受天命在文王后期,与《周易》成书年代相近。周人认为上有天神,下有民众,其心灵是息息相通的;民众是“神之主”,民众的愿望想法,上帝鬼神也一定是要遵从的。这就是天人思想相互感应、相互交流的“天人合一”观。周代神权崇拜的特点是与政治统治的方式相配套,祭祀天地、鬼神、祖先神的权力像金字塔式按不同的等级阶层分配到上至王公下至士手中。西周晚期以来天地鬼神的威信下降了,出现了重民轻神的思想

Sima Qian's Nature-Man Theory is thought to be multiple by the author.On one hand he seemed piet to the belief of Destiny of Nature,on the other hand he showed some suspection to it and sometimes held negative attitude on such matter.Here his multiple Nature-Man theory and its forming causes are analyzed from following aspects:the origin culture where his thought rooted,the low productivity of Xihan dynasty and science technology of his day which got some limited development.

本文认为 ,司马迁的天人思想是多重的 ,他既相信天命 ,却又对天命持怀疑的态度 ,进而在一些地方否定天命论。司马迁的多重天人观的形成 ,离不开以下几个因素 :司马迁的思想渊源 ,西汉时有了一定的发展但又并不发达的生产力和科学技术

The view of unanimity of heaven and man formed at a very early stage in Chinese history.In remote antiquity before ZHUAN Xu,Chinese ancestors had already the apparent view of communication between god and man.After “breaking off the way to heaven”,the view of communication between god and man tranferred to the one of “unanimity of heaven and man”to deify the king's right in essence.In the Spring and Autumn period,the idea of unanimity of heaven and man was gradually replaced by one with a philosophical sense,in...

The view of unanimity of heaven and man formed at a very early stage in Chinese history.In remote antiquity before ZHUAN Xu,Chinese ancestors had already the apparent view of communication between god and man.After “breaking off the way to heaven”,the view of communication between god and man tranferred to the one of “unanimity of heaven and man”to deify the king's right in essence.In the Spring and Autumn period,the idea of unanimity of heaven and man was gradually replaced by one with a philosophical sense,in which LAO Zi and Confucius played an important role: LAO Zi layed a fundation of universe theory for it from the positive aspect of heavenly laws,and Confucius established a theory of life for it from another indirect aspect of humanitarianism.

天人合一观渊源较早 ,在颛顼以前的远古时代 ,中国先民就有明显的“神人交通”观念 ;“绝地天通”以后 ,神人交通观念便过渡为以神化王权为实质的“天王合一”观念 ;至春秋时期 ,天王合一观念在天人思想中的主导地位又逐渐为哲学意义上的“天人合一”观念所取代 ,其间老子和孔子起了重大作用。老子从天道观的正面奠定了哲学天人合一观的宇宙论基础 ,孔子从人道观的侧面奠定了哲学天人合一观的人生论基调

 
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