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国家控制的模式
相关语句
  pattern of state ' s control
    The Transition from "Pattern of State's Control" to "Pattern of State's Supervision
    由“国家控制的模式”向“国家监督的模式”转变——大学与政府关系发展的基本走向
短句来源
    For analyzing the relation between university and government, especially the government's influence on university, "pattern of state's control" and "pattern of state's supervision" are induced by a foreign scholar.
    国外有学者在分析大学与政府的关系、特别是政府对大学的影响时 ,归纳出这样两种模式∶即“国家控制的模式”和“国家监督的模式”。
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For analyzing the relation between university and government, especially the government's influence on university, "pattern of state's control" and "pattern of state's supervision" are induced by a foreign scholar. In China, some changes have occurred in the relation between university and government with the system of market economy established and the reform of higher education put forward gradually since 1980's. The changes are a reflex of the transition of the patterns. In the process of the transition...

For analyzing the relation between university and government, especially the government's influence on university, "pattern of state's control" and "pattern of state's supervision" are induced by a foreign scholar. In China, some changes have occurred in the relation between university and government with the system of market economy established and the reform of higher education put forward gradually since 1980's. The changes are a reflex of the transition of the patterns. In the process of the transition of the patterns, two problems be solved are as follows: (1) how does the government carry out its functions; (2) how do the universities administrate and operate autonomically?

国外有学者在分析大学与政府的关系、特别是政府对大学的影响时 ,归纳出这样两种模式∶即“国家控制的模式”和“国家监督的模式”。 2 0世纪 80年代以来 ,随着市场经济体制的逐步建立和高等教育体制改革的不断深入 ,我国大学与政府的关系也发生了某些重要的变化 ,从一定意义上讲 ,正在由“国家控制的模式”向“国家监督的模式”转变。但是 ,由于市场尚处于发展与完善的过程之中 ,人们在大学与政府关系问题上长期形成的思维定式以及制度惯性仍在发挥着作用 ,因此在模式转变过程中政府如何发挥作用、高校如何自主办学 ,这无论在理论上还是实践中都还没有得到很好的解决

At present, the study on market's role for education is popular in many countries. Contrary to the experts' favor of education's access to market, the author believes that education's access to market will bring about more serious inequality in education. In this sense, all the market-oriented educational reforms should not be discriminately followed for the intention of access to market. Instead, critical analysis and reflection of the influences of market on education should be made, especially the recessive...

At present, the study on market's role for education is popular in many countries. Contrary to the experts' favor of education's access to market, the author believes that education's access to market will bring about more serious inequality in education. In this sense, all the market-oriented educational reforms should not be discriminately followed for the intention of access to market. Instead, critical analysis and reflection of the influences of market on education should be made, especially the recessive negative effects of market on education. At the same time, the national curricula and corresponding tests are possibly influenced by individuals for the central government's simple control. Therefore, people should keep a cool head and critical sense when having high expectations for various educational reforms.

目前许多国家都在研究市场对教育的作用,一些专家也在赞扬教育的市场化。但是,应该看到市场会给教育带来更大的不平等。我们对教育市场化倾向的改革不能盲目地跟从,相反要对市场对教育的作用进行认真的批判和反省,要看到市场的负面的隐性效应。同时,国家课程和国家测试这些国家的控制模式过于简单,有可能受到个别人的影响。因此,人们在对各种教育改革充满希望的同时,还要保持清醒的头脑,具有一定的批判意识。

The paper introduced three main kinds of control systems of food safety, which were multiple agency system, single agency system and integrated system, in order to provide a reference for the relevant departments of the government. On the basis of the research of the evolution, the present situation and the setting of government department on food safety in Japan, Germany and Australia, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the three models, and summarized the tendency of the control system of food...

The paper introduced three main kinds of control systems of food safety, which were multiple agency system, single agency system and integrated system, in order to provide a reference for the relevant departments of the government. On the basis of the research of the evolution, the present situation and the setting of government department on food safety in Japan, Germany and Australia, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the three models, and summarized the tendency of the control system of food safety: 1. to build a food law system which should govern the whole food chain; 2.to build an independent evaluation and coordination committee;3. state departments should have the responsibility for supervising local agency to implement on the food law and the standard; 4.to pay more attention to public opinion and operate on the principle of benefiting the consuming public.=

介绍发达国家目前所使用的3种食品安全国家控制模式,即多部门型、单一部门型和综合型,以供我国相关部门在完善食品安全管理体系中借鉴。通过研究日本、德国、澳大利亚等代表性国家在食品安全管理方面的变革、现状、机构设置,分析了3种控制模式的优缺点,并提出食品安全控制体系的发展趋势(1)建立覆盖整个食品链的国家食品安全法律法规体系;(2)设立独立的评估和协调机构;(3)国家行政部门负责指导政策和标准的执行;(4)重视公众信息的反馈,维护公众利益。

 
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