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病因病理     
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  etiology and pathology
     The second paper is based on the (GOLD) , and combined with its up-to-date research progress. A survey of COPD was made in detail in terms of its concept, risk factors, etiology and pathology, manifestation, diagnosis and classification and so on. In clinical study, we research deficiency of Qi based on mechanism of COPD.
     西医部分依据《慢性阻塞性肺疾病全球倡议》(GOLD),结合近年来的研究,对COPD的研究从定义、流行病学、危险因素、病因病理、临床表现、诊断分级等方面做了比较详细的介绍。
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     The author considered that the etiology and pathology of it was mainly dampness accumulating in Triple Heater.
     文中认为本病病因病理主要是湿闭三焦;
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     AIMS The characteristics of etiology and pathology of rectal diseases were revealed by study on the ultrastructure of rectal exfolia-tive cells.
     目的 通过直肠病变脱落细胞超微结构的研究,揭示直肠疾病的病因病理特征。
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     Objective:To study the characteristics of the color Doppler echocardiography of ruptured mitral chordae tendineae (RMCT) and its etiology and pathology.
     目的 :探讨二尖瓣腱索断裂的彩超特征和病因病理改变。
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     Conclusion:There is high value of displaying normal anatomy of articulation of humerus and of analysing shoulder pain in respect of etiology and pathology in MRI.
     结论 :MRI清楚显示了肩关节及其相关结构 ,对于了解正常肩关节的解剖和肩痛的病因病理诊断具有较大的价值
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  pathogeny pathology
     Purpose:To probe into pathogeny,pathology,symptoms diagnosis and treatment of adrenal ganglioneuroma.
     目的:探讨肾上腺节细胞神经瘤的病因病理、临床症状及诊断治疗。
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     Objective:To understand current study in pathogeny,pathology and mechanism of CCF and discuss the research direction in future by related references review.
     目的 :通过对相关文献的回顾 ,了解先天性马蹄内翻足 (CCF)病因 ,病理及发病机制的研究现状 ,明确将来的研究方向。
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     Objective To probe into pathogeny,pathology,symptoms diagnosis and treatment of adrenal ganglioneuroma.
     目的 探讨肾上腺节细胞神经瘤的病因病理、临床症状及诊断治疗。
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  cause pathology
     Methods:Together with the documents in concern,the cause,pathology,clinical manifestations,treatment and prognosis of scrotum Paget′s disease were discussed in 7 patients with scrotum Paget′s disease.
     方法:结合文献对收治的7例阴囊Paget病的病因病理、临床表现、治疗及预后进行讨论。
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     In combination with the concerned documents,the cause,pathology,clinical manifestations,treatrnent and prognosis of 6 cases of scrotum Patet's disease were discussed.
     为了提高对阴囊Paget病的诊治水平 ,结合文献对收治的 6例阴囊Paget病的病因病理、临床表现、治疗及预后进行讨论。 6例均手术治疗。
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  “病因病理”译为未确定词的双语例句
     ObjectivesTo evaluate the clinical effect of posterior decompression, reduction internal fixation and bone grafting fusion for the treatment of spondylolisthesis in 139 cases, and discuss the operative principle, treatment method and clinical outcome.
     通过对139例腰椎滑脱症患者采取后路减压、复位内固定加植骨融合手术的临床研究,评价手术治疗效果、探讨手术技术原则和注意事项,进一步探索腰椎滑脱症的病因病理及手术治疗机理,并为临床运用提供理论依据。
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     Conclusion This paper suggested that HLA-B_27 gene has evident correlationwith AS and this study has laid a foundation for the further study of the etiology, pathology and therapy of AS.
     结论本研究进一步表明HLA-B_27与AS的强相关性,为研究AS病因病理及治疗打下了基础。
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     Objective:To explore molecular and pathologic mechanism of intervertebal disc degeneration.
     目的:从基因水平探讨椎间盘退变病因病理机制。
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     To investigate the etiological and pathological characteristics of adolescent lumbocrural pain, the findings of X ray, CT and MRI and biopsy in 67 cases of adolescent (14~28 years old) and 97 of the adult and the aged were compared.
     为探讨青少年腰腿痛的病因病理特点 ,对观察组 67例青少年腰腿痛患者和 97例同期成年和老年病人的X片、CT、MRI及手术所见摘除物病理检查进行了对照比较。
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     Then to study the relativity between type 2 diabetes based on syndrome differentiation in TCM and their disorder of Lipo-metabolic indexes.
     1 理论研究:对目前2型糖尿病的辨证客观化研究进行系统综述和展望,回顾2型糖尿病和脂质代谢异常的中医历史源流,揭示两者中医病因病理相关性,探讨西医发病机制的联系,提出本课题研究的意义。
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  etiology and pathology
This review discusses etiology and pathology of brain abscess and subdural empyema, neuroimaging techniques useful in the diagnosis, and optimal treatment, including use of antimicrobials and surgical procedures.
      
Etiology and pathology of infantile cirrhosis of liver
      
Etiology and pathology of cancer of the large bowel
      
The etiology and pathology of illnesses related to the first Persian Gulf War are unclear.
      
Great amounts of effort were put forth to increase our understanding of its etiology and pathology.
      
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  cause and pathology
The theories regarding the cause and pathology of these tumors were critically analyzed.
      
The inception of an illness is always the most fertile area of research into cause and pathology.
      
  cause pathology
Different forms of hypoxia can cause pathology or be used as therapy.
      
If substituted nucleotides are fixed during evolution then they may have selection advantages, they may be neutral, or they may be deleterious and cause pathology.
      
However, in pulmonary diseases, these same properties may cause pathology.
      
However, the active products that enable complement to perform its physiological roles can inappropriately target self tissues and cause pathology.
      
Ingestion of sand crabs also exposes otters to trematodes that may cause pathology.
      
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This paper is a report of 50 cases of nasopharyngeal angiofibromawith a discussion of its etiology, pathology, clinical characteristics andtherapy. This tumor is very vascular and tends to bleed profusely dur-ing surgery. Injection of sodium morrhuate into the tumor, preopera-tive irradiation, embolization of the internal maxillary artery, oralestrogen, cryotherapy and ligation of the lateral carotid artery havebeen applied to minimize the hemorrhage. But, in this series, ligationof the lateral carotid artery...

This paper is a report of 50 cases of nasopharyngeal angiofibromawith a discussion of its etiology, pathology, clinical characteristics andtherapy. This tumor is very vascular and tends to bleed profusely dur-ing surgery. Injection of sodium morrhuate into the tumor, preopera-tive irradiation, embolization of the internal maxillary artery, oralestrogen, cryotherapy and ligation of the lateral carotid artery havebeen applied to minimize the hemorrhage. But, in this series, ligationof the lateral carotid artery on the same side of the tumor was per-formed in 36 cases and it was found to be quite satisfactory.

本文报告50例鼻咽部血管纤维瘤的临床特点及诊治情况。简要讨论了病因、病理,在治疗方面重点讨论了手术途径及颈外动脉结扎等减少手术出血的措施。同侧颈外动脉结扎及腭部舌形切口可适用于大多数病例。

This paper reports oD 28 cases of congenital cystic dilatation of the bile duct treated surgically from 1950—1978. Of the 28 patients. 25 were female and 3 male. The ages ranged from 3—54 years, and 23 of them were under 30, The most freeze,at symptoms were pain, masses in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, and jaandjce, The most common complication was retroinfection of the bile duct. Of the 28 patients, 23 patients were followed-up for 1—20 years, among them 6 patients died.

本文报告了1950年至1978年经手术治疗的先天性胆管囊性扩张症28例。28例中女性25例,男性3例;年龄3~54岁,其中小于30岁为23例。主要临床表现是右上腹痛、黄疸和右上腹肿块。主要并发症是上行性胆道感染。28例中获1~20年随访者23例,死亡6例。基于本组病例的临床诊断和治疗中的经验教训,结合部分国内外文献复习,对本病的病因、病理、临床表现、诊断方法和手术方式进行了讨论。

This is a report of a rare case of aspergillosis of the central nervoussystem proved by autopsy.The patient, a man of 56, suffered from frontalheadache, left ptosis, decreased vision and pain in the left eye for aboutfive months. One month prior to admission,he began to have right hemi-paresis. Neurological examinations revealed lethargy, paralysis of theleft oculomotor and abducent nerves, pale fundi and right hemiparesis. Hiscerebro-spinal fluid was clear and colorless with cells 450/mm~3, protein114mg%, chloride...

This is a report of a rare case of aspergillosis of the central nervoussystem proved by autopsy.The patient, a man of 56, suffered from frontalheadache, left ptosis, decreased vision and pain in the left eye for aboutfive months. One month prior to admission,he began to have right hemi-paresis. Neurological examinations revealed lethargy, paralysis of theleft oculomotor and abducent nerves, pale fundi and right hemiparesis. Hiscerebro-spinal fluid was clear and colorless with cells 450/mm~3, protein114mg%, chloride 529mg%, and normal sugar. Smear and culture werenegative. The left carotid angiogram revealed irregularities of the syphonportion of the left internal carotid artery. After admission the patient'scondition gradually deteriorated. One month later, when he was eating, hesuddenly coughed badly and soon died inspite of resuscitation. Neuropa-thological examination revealed localized meningites, granuloma andabscess in the ventral-medial portion of the left temporal lobe andsubarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from fungal mycetic arteritis. Theorganism in the lesion was found to be typical aspergillus.

中枢神经系统曲菌病是一种少见的疾病。本文报告一例伴有蜘蛛膜下腔出血的中枢神经系统曲菌病,并对其病因、病理、临床表现、诊断等方面进行了讨论。

 
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