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月球表面矿物
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     The study of spectral feature of major minerals on the lunar surface
     月球表面主要矿物反射光谱特性研究
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     LUNAR SURFACE ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS
     月球表面的环境特征
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     Filling Minerals and Their Surface Treatment
     填料矿物及其表面改性
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     ADVANCES IN RESEARCH ON Ti ON THE LUNAR SURFACE
     月球表面钛的研究进展
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     STUDIES ON SURFACE OXIDATION OF SULPHIDE MINERALS
     硫化矿物表面氧化的研究
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  lunar minerals
The wavelength range is further extended to 2600 nm where some spectral features of the abundant lunar minerals and water occur, by using a near-infrared spectrometer (SIR-2), similar to that used on the Smart-1 mission, in collaboration with ESA.
      
The solar-wind oxygen ionic species induce and undergo a complex set of reactions with the elements of the lunar minerals and the solar-wind derived trapped gases.
      
This modest Nb-Zr fractionation of the lunar minerals can therefore explain the lack of 92 Zr anomalies.
      


The mid-infrared spectra of silicates show obvious Christiansen Frequency features and reststrahlen bands which are related to the composition of silicates.Pyroxene,plagioclase,ilmenite and olivine are the main minerals on the lunar surface,and they belong to silicate materials except ilmenite.If we make full use of the mid-infrared spectral features(i.e.,Christiansen Frequency features and reststrahlen bands),we could determine anorthite,olivine,quartz and alkali feldspar on the lunar surface successfully,which...

The mid-infrared spectra of silicates show obvious Christiansen Frequency features and reststrahlen bands which are related to the composition of silicates.Pyroxene,plagioclase,ilmenite and olivine are the main minerals on the lunar surface,and they belong to silicate materials except ilmenite.If we make full use of the mid-infrared spectral features(i.e.,Christiansen Frequency features and reststrahlen bands),we could determine anorthite,olivine,quartz and alkali feldspar on the lunar surface successfully,which could not be accomplished by VIS-NIR spectra.It is easy to determine mineral and rocks on the lunar surface accurately and this is the first time to detect them systematically if we apply mid-infrared spectral instruments in our future exploration projects.

硅酸盐矿物的中红外光谱一般具有明显的CF特征和Reststrahlen吸收带,这些特征都与硅酸盐的组成密切相关,可以作为判别其组成的指示特征。月球表面的主要矿物有辉石、斜长石、钛铁矿和橄榄石,其中除了钛铁矿以外,都属于硅酸盐的范畴。如果充分利用月球表面硅酸盐的红外光谱特征,即CF特征和Reststrahlen吸收带,将可以用于探测VIS-NIR光谱无法完成的探测目标:钙长石、橄榄石、石英和碱性长石等。如果在嫦娥工程的后续探测器(如轨道器、月球车或者软着陆平台)上搭载中红外光谱仪对月表物质进行探测,将有利于成功实现对月球表面的矿物和岩石的精确探测,这也将是我国首次采用中红外光谱探测仪对月球进行系统的矿物与岩石探测。

 
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