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跨情境
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  across situations
     Putallaz and Sheppard considered that consistent behavior across situations can't predict competent children, but can predict adjustment behavior.
     Putallaz和Sheppard认为,跨情境中的一致行为不会预期有能力的儿童,但却能预期适应性的行为。
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     Influenced by Freud's defense mechanisms theory and self-psychology, the characteristics-oriented coping theory defines coping as defensive hierarchies and stability across situations in terms of adaptive styles.
     受弗洛伊德防御机制理论和自我心理学的影响,特质论认为应对具有层次性和跨情境的稳定性,个体具有应对方式的倾向性先验地决定了个体行为的适应效果。
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  cross-situational
     Relations with Personality and Cross-Situational Consistency of Behavior
     行为的跨情境一致性及人格与行为的关系——对人格内涵及其中西方差异的理论与实证分析
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     (2) the different attachment types of mother-infant pairs were consistent in cross-situational and cross-age subject tests;
     (2)婴儿不同的依恋类型具有跨年龄和跨情境的一致性;
短句来源
     Since the 1980s, Endler(Endler, 1983; Endler, 1989; Endler & Parker, 1992), from the perspective of cross-situational relativity of trait anxiety, had a breakthrough of the solely dimensional view of it, and proposed the multi-dimensional model, paving the way for the study of the relation between trait anxiety and environmental factors. In recent years, researchers home and abroad have conducted empirical research on the factors influencing trait anxiety and yielded significant fruits.
     80年代以来,Endler(1983; Endler, 1989; Endler & Parker, 1992)从特质焦虑跨情境的相对性立场出发,在Spielberger的基础上突破了特质焦虑单维度的观点,提出了特质焦虑的多维性理论模型,从而为开展特质焦虑与环境因素的关系研究开辟了道路。
短句来源
     This paper starts from Markus' conceptualization of self-schema, criticizes two important assumptions in her conceptualization: the bipolar model and cross-situational consistency,and points out that it will be helpful to study further by adopting the bivariate model and separate-situational consistency.
     本文从Markus对自我图式的构念出发,批评了其构念过程所借助的两个重要假设:两极模型与跨情境稳定性,指出采用双变量模型与分情境稳定性假设可能有助于对中国人“既此又彼”的思维进行更深入的研究。
短句来源
     This paper taking Markus' seminal study of self-schema for example,reanalyzes the data of her study from intra-subject view,and challenges the bipolar model of self and cross-situational consistency of behavior,then points out that Markus manipulated subjective view to objective view and ignored the effects of situations in operational definition.
     该文以自我图式的开山之作———Markus的研究为例,从被试视角重新解读其研究结果,挑战了自我的二元构念及行为跨情境稳定性假设,指出Markus在操作过程中将主客观标准偷换,将情境绝对化了。
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  “跨情境”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Comparative Experimental Study on Delay of Gratification between Excellent Learning Students and Students with Learning Disabilities
     学习困难和优秀学生延迟满足能力的跨情境比较实验研究
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     Specifically, children's trait understanding implies that on the one hand, children can make proper predication because they have not only come to realize the stability and consensus of the across-situation but also come to know the continuity and consistency of the spanning time as well.
     具体来讲,儿童特质理解,一方面意味着儿童能认识到他人的行为具有跨情境的稳定性或一致性、跨时间的连续性或持续性,从而能进行恰当的预测;
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     The results of experiment 3 suggested that resonance reactive processes can happen between different situation models.
     这说明共振激活现象可以跨情境模型发生。
短句来源
     The results showed : (1) The behavioral inhibition and uninhibition toddlers constituted the extreme 20% and 10% from each end of the distribution respectively: (2) Inhibited and uninhibited behaviors were consistently shown across different strange situations.
     结果表明:(1)按照Kagan的划分指标,中国两岁儿童的抑制-非抑制行为呈负偏态分布,其中抑制型儿童约占20%,非抑制型儿童约占10%,其余为中间型; (2)在三种实验情境中,两岁儿童的抑制-非抑制行为具有中等程度的稳定性,说明行为抑制-非抑制性具有跨情境的一致性。
短句来源
     This paper reviews three separate lines of research on the development of children抯 conceptions of ability in the past three decades: (a)conceptions of ability as constant across time and situations, (b) conceptions of ability as capacity, and (c) conceptions of ability as uncontrollable.
     近二三十年来,有关儿童能力概念的研究主要分别从能力的跨时间和跨情境的稳定性、能力的效力和能力的不可控性3个维度较为深入地探讨了儿童能力概念的发展特点与趋势。
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  across situations
Though propensity to freeze was much greater in the low risk treatment, AL was negatively correlated with freezing behaviour in both risk treatments, and therefore there was a 'behavioural carryover' across situations.
      
The studies show widespread consumer interest in nutrition information on food packages, though this interest varies across situations and products.
      
Understanding of the consequences of exposure to danger varied across situations and a tendency to underestimate the seriousness of the potential harm was noted.
      
The Forgiveness Likelihood Scale is a 10-item Likert-type scale designed to measure tendency to forgive across situations.
      
Both versions rely on the generality of cardiovascular responses across situations.
      
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  cross-situational
Anger in social conflict: Cross-situational comparisons and suggestions for the future
      
It displays moderately high levels of cross-situational consistency and temporal stability.
      
Differences between explanatory style for sexual versus nonsexual events found in both sexually functional and dysfunctional men lend support for explanatory style models that propose both cross-situational consistency and situational specificity.
      
Thoughts and feelings: Correlational relationships and cross-situational consistency
      
Temporal and cross-situational consistency in causal attributions and coping were examined in reference to two ongoing stressors over a period of 4 weeks.
      
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The present study investigated subjects' adaptability of coping strate-

实验在92名大学生被试中调查了应付策略的适应性与身心健康的关系。使用涉及学习、人际关系、社会与家庭三个应激方面的应付策略调查表检查被试应付策略的适应性,使用Beck抑郁量表和症状检核表度量被试的身心症状。实验发现:应付策略的一般非适应性正相关抑郁(r=.396,P<.002)和恐怖(r=.369,p<.002);非适应应付策略的使用在社会与家庭方面与抑郁正相关(r=.373,P<.002),与躯体化正相关(r=.320,P<.002);在人际关系方面与恐怖正相关(r=.323,p<.002);在学习方面没有显示与身心症状的联系(r<.120,df=90,N.S.)。实验还就应付策略适应性的跨情境一致性问题做了讨论。

Behavioral inhibition and uninhibition is one of the most important dimensions of temperament which influences individual's personality and social development. Laboratory observation which included three strange situations were adopted. 122 subjects around 2-year-old (aged from 21 to 27 months), were randomly selected from Beijing residents. The results showed : (1) The behavioral inhibition and uninhibition toddlers constituted the extreme 20% and 10% from each end of the distribution respectively: (2) Inhibited...

Behavioral inhibition and uninhibition is one of the most important dimensions of temperament which influences individual's personality and social development. Laboratory observation which included three strange situations were adopted. 122 subjects around 2-year-old (aged from 21 to 27 months), were randomly selected from Beijing residents. The results showed : (1) The behavioral inhibition and uninhibition toddlers constituted the extreme 20% and 10% from each end of the distribution respectively: (2) Inhibited and uninhibited behaviors were consistently shown across different strange situations.

行为的抑制和非抑制是气质的一个重要维度,对儿童个性、社会性发展具有重要意义。该研究采用实验室观察法,设计了翻斗车、机器人、面具三种实验情境,测查随机抽样的122名两岁儿童的行为抑制-非抑制特征。结果表明:(1)按照Kagan的划分指标,中国两岁儿童的抑制-非抑制行为呈负偏态分布,其中抑制型儿童约占20%,非抑制型儿童约占10%,其余为中间型;(2)在三种实验情境中,两岁儿童的抑制-非抑制行为具有中等程度的稳定性,说明行为抑制-非抑制性具有跨情境的一致性。

Objective: To examine relationships between ways of coping and personality traits. Methods: 378 adults aged 20 to 85 completed the Ways of Coping Rating Scale (WCRS), EPQ, the Type A Behavior Questionnaire (TABQ), and the Life Events Scale (LES). Results: Some (but no more than 25%) changes in patterns of coping took place with the changes of primary life events that subjects encountered at an eight-month interval. Some of the test-retest reliability coefficients for WCRS were significantly lower than those...

Objective: To examine relationships between ways of coping and personality traits. Methods: 378 adults aged 20 to 85 completed the Ways of Coping Rating Scale (WCRS), EPQ, the Type A Behavior Questionnaire (TABQ), and the Life Events Scale (LES). Results: Some (but no more than 25%) changes in patterns of coping took place with the changes of primary life events that subjects encountered at an eight-month interval. Some of the test-retest reliability coefficients for WCRS were significantly lower than those for personality traits. Extraversion was positively correlated with some adaptive ways of coping. Neuroticism, psychoticism, introversion and TABQ scores were associated with some maladaptive ways of coping.Conclusion:The use of ways of coping is associated with personality characteristics. Patterns of coping could change as time goes on, and therefore would not show more cross-situational consistency as personality traits.

目的:考察应付方式同人格特质间的关系。方法:378名20岁到85岁的成年人完成“应付方式评定量表”(WCRS)、“艾森克人格问卷”(EPQ)、“A型行为问卷”(TABQ)和“生活事件量表”(LES)的测查,36名大学生间隔8个月重复上述测查。结果:①随着个体所经历的主要生活事件的变化,应付型式也有变化,但大多数人应付项目变化不多于25%;②WCRS部分项目重测信度显著低于人格特质的;③外向性同一些具普遍适应意义的应付方式呈显著正相关,而内向性、神经质、精神质以及TH与CH量表分则多与一些适应不良的应付方式密切相关。结论:应付方式的使用同人格特点有联系;应付型式可随时间的推移而变,因此不象人格特质那样具有较大的跨情境的一致性。

 
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