助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   水平 在 中药学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.135秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
中药学
石油天然气工业
外国语言文字
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
中国语言文字
消化系统疾病
体育
中等教育
皮肤病与性病
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

水平
    很抱歉,暂未找到该词条在当前类别下的译词。您可以查看在所有学科下的译词。
相关语句
  “水平”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Effect of Jian Yan Ling(健延龄)on Seruni Lipids,Apoprotein and Lipoprotein-a
    健延龄对血清脂质和载脂蛋白及脂蛋白(a)水平的影响
短句来源
    Conclusion Ginkgo bilobo extract may decrease the release of TNF-α and IL-1 by inhibiting activation of kuffer cells and regulate the cell factors to protect the live.
    结论:银杏叶提取物可通过抑制Kuffer氏细胞激活减少释放TNF-α和IL-1始动因子并调控缺血再灌注因子水平达到保护供肝作用。
短句来源
    With the administration of Ganoderma spore,HIF-1α and VEGF were down-regulated at E21 hippocampus and were not detected at P30 hippocampus.
    应用灵芝孢子后,E21海马HIF-1α和VEGF低水平表达,在P30时则未见表达。
短句来源
    【Results】Vitamin E increased mice red blood cells(RBC) count and membrane lipid fluidity,and decreased mice microviscosity(P<0.05 or P<0.01 compared with the normal group).
    【结果】维生素E可显著性升高正常小鼠的红细胞(RBC)计数和膜脂流动性(LFU),降低微粘度(η)水平(均P<0.05或P<0.01);
短句来源
    JAK2,STAT3 at different time after the Decoction stimulation was detected by western blotting analysis.
    保肝宁作用6h后,JAK2、STAT3蛋白表达水平开始降低,此时JAK2降低较为明显;
短句来源
更多       
查询“水平”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
没有找到相关例句


1.Twenty-two agents were tested in vitro, and four of them also in vivo for their antituber- culous activity. 2.Ginkgolic.acid,the active principle of ginkgo fruit against tubercle bacilli,was found to exist only in the fleshy part(endocarp)of the fruit.The tuberculostatic action of ginkgolic acid in vitro was not influenced by heating,but the presence of serum raised the minimal effec- tive concentration from 1:400,000 to 1:1000.The results of in vivo tests failed to demonstrate any effect of the different...

1.Twenty-two agents were tested in vitro, and four of them also in vivo for their antituber- culous activity. 2.Ginkgolic.acid,the active principle of ginkgo fruit against tubercle bacilli,was found to exist only in the fleshy part(endocarp)of the fruit.The tuberculostatic action of ginkgolic acid in vitro was not influenced by heating,but the presence of serum raised the minimal effec- tive concentration from 1:400,000 to 1:1000.The results of in vivo tests failed to demonstrate any effect of the different parts of ginkgo fruit in- cluding ginkgolic acid on the experimental tuber- culosis of mice.No apparent difference was found between the activity of ginkgo fruit with or without previous preparation with vegetable oil. 3.(?)In vitro,garlic exhibited rather weak tuberculostatic action,which decreased slightly in thè presence of serum.The in vitro effect of the winter garlic was better than that of the spring one.No curative effect was exerted by garlic on the experimental tuberculosis of mice. 4.The minimal tuberculostatic concentra- tion of berberine in vitro was found to be around 1:4000,and the èffect slightly decreased in the presence of serum.The development of experi- mental tuberculosis of mice was delayed by the administration of berberine sulfate in daily oral doses of 1.5—2.5 gm./kg. 5.There was definite curative effect of stepharanthine on the experimental tuberculosis of mice in daily doses of 200 mg./kg.;significant toxicity appeared,however,at that dosage level. 6.No significant tuberculostatic effect in vitro was found among other crude drugs. 7.“Hei pao”was ineffective in vitro,while citrinin was definitely effective and its minimal tuberculostatic concentration determined as 1:20.000. 8.Amon synthetic compounds tested,the in vitro tuberculostatic potency of an isomer of PAS was only one-hundredth of that of sodium para- amino-salicylate.The tuberculostatic effects of four sulfones were not satisfactory.The minimal tuberculostatic concentration in vitro of syn- thotic compound Ⅵ was 1:200,000. 9.It was found that the effectlve ranges of the concentration and dosage of thiosemicarba- sone in viro and in vivo were very broad,and the lower margins were comparable with those of isonicotinyl hydrazine.These facts may explain the elinieal effectiveness of thiosemicarbazone used in small doses.

1.在玻器内试验了22种药物,在动物体内试验了四种药物的抗结核杆菌作用。2.白果的抗结核杆菌有效成分(白果酸)仅存在于白果果浆中。白果酸在玻器内的抗菌作用不受加热的影响;但血清能使其最低有效浓度从1:400,000跃至1:1000。白果各部分及白果酸对小鼠的实验结核症并无肯定的疗效。油浸过的白果与未浸过的作用并无显著不同。3.大蒜在玻器内具有较弱的抗结核杆菌作用,遇血清则效力略减;冬季大蒜比春季大蒜的效力高。对小鼠的实验结核症并无疗效。4.黄连硷在玻器内的最低抑制结核杆菌浓度是1:4000左右,遇血清则效力略减。每日食入硫酸黄连硷约1.5—2.5克/公斤时,可以延缓小鼠实验结核症的发展。5.使他肺安定每日200毫克/公斤时,对小鼠实验结核症有肯定的疗效,但已表现相当大的毒性。香豆素在玻器内当浓度为1:2000时有部分抗结核杆菌作用。6.其他生药中,仅韭菜及青蒜在修改的都氏培养基中具有微弱的抗结核杆菌能力,但在尤氏培养基中无效。7.海宝在玻器内无效,橘霉素的最低制菌浓度是1:20,000。8.所试的化学合成品中,对氨水杨酸的同质异构物的抗结核杆菌作用仅为对氨水杨酸钠的1/100。砜类化合物的抗结核杆菌作用很微弱...

1.在玻器内试验了22种药物,在动物体内试验了四种药物的抗结核杆菌作用。2.白果的抗结核杆菌有效成分(白果酸)仅存在于白果果浆中。白果酸在玻器内的抗菌作用不受加热的影响;但血清能使其最低有效浓度从1:400,000跃至1:1000。白果各部分及白果酸对小鼠的实验结核症并无肯定的疗效。油浸过的白果与未浸过的作用并无显著不同。3.大蒜在玻器内具有较弱的抗结核杆菌作用,遇血清则效力略减;冬季大蒜比春季大蒜的效力高。对小鼠的实验结核症并无疗效。4.黄连硷在玻器内的最低抑制结核杆菌浓度是1:4000左右,遇血清则效力略减。每日食入硫酸黄连硷约1.5—2.5克/公斤时,可以延缓小鼠实验结核症的发展。5.使他肺安定每日200毫克/公斤时,对小鼠实验结核症有肯定的疗效,但已表现相当大的毒性。香豆素在玻器内当浓度为1:2000时有部分抗结核杆菌作用。6.其他生药中,仅韭菜及青蒜在修改的都氏培养基中具有微弱的抗结核杆菌能力,但在尤氏培养基中无效。7.海宝在玻器内无效,橘霉素的最低制菌浓度是1:20,000。8.所试的化学合成品中,对氨水杨酸的同质异构物的抗结核杆菌作用仅为对氨水杨酸钠的1/100。砜类化合物的抗结核杆菌作用很微弱。合成品〔Ⅵ〕的最低制菌浓度是1:200,000。9.硫脲胺的部分制菌浓度范围和其对小鼠实验结核症有效剂量的范围都很广,可以追及异烟肼的水平,这可解释临床上其剂量很小,但仍能生效的原因。

The absorption, distribution and excretion of anthraquinone derivatives in animals and in human beings receiving single oral, intramuscular or intravenous doses were studied. The anthraquinone derivatives tested were easily absorbed and excreted. The peak blood levels were reached within 2—3 hours after oral ingestion. Thereafter, the concentration fell gradually. After intramuscular injection, the peak was reached within 30 minutes, the concentration fell rapidly and then maintained a nearly constant level...

The absorption, distribution and excretion of anthraquinone derivatives in animals and in human beings receiving single oral, intramuscular or intravenous doses were studied. The anthraquinone derivatives tested were easily absorbed and excreted. The peak blood levels were reached within 2—3 hours after oral ingestion. Thereafter, the concentration fell gradually. After intramuscular injection, the peak was reached within 30 minutes, the concentration fell rapidly and then maintained a nearly constant level for 4 hours. By the intravenous injection the peak was reached within 5 minutes. The concentration dropped quickly in the first 30 minutes. At the end of 1 hour, anthraquinone derivatives were not detectable in the blood. Among the anthraquinone derivatives studied, rhein was more easily absorbed than emodin. Anthraquinone derivatives were excreted by the bowel, urine and bile. The total excretion was about 46.2% of ingested does. About 23.4% was found in the feces and 22.8% in the urine. The excretion lasted 2 days. About 88% of that excreted in feces occurred in the first day and about 61% of that excreted in urine appeared in the first8 hours. Anthraquinone derivatives were distributed mainly in the liver and kidneys afterabsorption. No detectable amount was found in heart, spleen, lungs and brain.

本文以人体和动物(家兔及小鼠)实验,一次口服和注射(肌肉及静脉)大黄蒽醌衍生物,以观察其在体内的吸收、排泄和分布的情况。实验结果表明,蒽醌衍生物在体内易于吸收。口服时血中浓度在2—3小时内即达最高峯,其后慢慢下降,与注射比较,高峯较低,但持续时间较长。肌肉注射半小时内即达最高峯,其后迅速下降,在4小时内可维持一定水平。静脉注射5分钟内即达特高高峯,但维持时间极短,1小时内仅余痕迹。大黄酸似乎比大黄素更易于吸收。蒽醌衍生物在体内易由粪、尿和胆汁中排泄。由粪排出总量占摄入量的23.4%,其中88%是在第一天排出,排出可持续2—3天。尿及胆中蒽醌衍生物浓度分别以6—8及4—6小时为最高,由尿排出总量占摄入量的22.8%,以2—4小时内为最高,在前8小时内排出者占61%,由尿排出可持续2天。由尿及粪排出总和占摄入量的46.2%,说明有一半多可能在体内破坏。蒽醌衍生物在各组织和脏器的分布以肝和肾为最多,心、脾、肺和脑等没有测到。口服时肝和肾均在2小时内达最高峯,肌肉注射则在半小时内达最高峯,尤其是肾脏。

β-Dichroine is one of the three alkaioids isolated by Chou et al. from Dichroa febrifuga Lour., a Chinese antimalarial herb. The antimalarial activity of this alkaloid has been shown to be 50 times that of quinine. Besides, many other aspects of the pharmacology of the dichroines have been described. This paper reports a method for the determination of β-dichroine in biological materials and the absorption, distribution, and excretion of this alkaloid in rats. The biological materials (tissue homogenates, blood,...

β-Dichroine is one of the three alkaioids isolated by Chou et al. from Dichroa febrifuga Lour., a Chinese antimalarial herb. The antimalarial activity of this alkaloid has been shown to be 50 times that of quinine. Besides, many other aspects of the pharmacology of the dichroines have been described. This paper reports a method for the determination of β-dichroine in biological materials and the absorption, distribution, and excretion of this alkaloid in rats. The biological materials (tissue homogenates, blood, urine, bile, and diluted faeces) were saturated with sodium chloride and extracted with chloroform at pH9. The chloroform layer was reacted with methyl orange reagent and the β-dichroine content deterined colorimetrically. This method was shown to possess a high degree of specificity for β-dichroine in tissues. Since normal excreta contains substances which behave similarly as β-dichroine, an eight-plate countercurrent distribution analysis was applied to study the excretion of the alkaloid. When given orally to rats,β-dichroine disappeared rapidly from the gastro-intestinal tract since one hour after a dose of 10 mg/kg only 58% of the administered dose could be recovered from the GI-tract. However, about 30% still remained four hours after administration of the drug. One hour after β-dichroine was given intravenously to a rat, the highest concentration was found in the kidneys. Moderate levels were found in the heart, spleen, liver, fat, and muscle, whereas very low levels were present in the blood. Only 16% of an administered dose was excreted in the urine in a 24-hour period. Very little was excreted in the faeces and no β-dichroine was found in the bile.

本文报告用甲基橙法并结合反流分布法,测定常山碱乙在大鼠体内的吸收、分布和排泄。这些结果表示常山碱乙口服后在胃肠道消失很快,1小时已消失40%,但4小时仍有30%存在。服药后大鼠都出现精神抑制和致泻症状。一鼠在给常山碱乙7.5毫克后不到4小时已死亡。可见常山碱乙在胃肠道能很好地吸收。常山碱乙静脉注射后很快离开血液,其分布以腎最高,心、肝、肌肉、脂肪及脾次之。但血中水平很低,给药后1小时平均每毫升血只含2微克。常山碱乙进入体内后,只16%左右以原形由尿排出体外,粪中只有极少量,而胆汁中几乎没有。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关水平的内容
在知识搜索中查有关水平的内容
在数字搜索中查有关水平的内容
在概念知识元中查有关水平的内容
在学术趋势中查有关水平的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社