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水平
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  “水平”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Comparing the Preservation Effect of F-Z Solution、HC-A Solution and Belzer Solution & Exploring the Principle of Cryoprotectants
    F-Z液与Belzer液、HC-A液在细胞水平的比较和低温保护剂作用机理的初步探索
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    ESTIMATION OF NUCLEAR ESTROGEN RECEPTOR FOR 99 CASES OF MAMMARY TUMORS
    99例乳腺肿瘤雌激素受体水平的测定
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    Attaching Importance to Improve the Theory and Technology for Amputation
    要重视截肢理论和技术水平的提高
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    Results The value of ALP and calcium of experimental groups was higher than that of control group.
    结果:不同时相实验组与对照组相比,在ALP含量、钙离子测定值这两个水平上差异均具有统计学意义。
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    Methods E2F1 mRNA of normal skin,normal scar,hypertrophic scar and keloid tissues were detected with RT-PCR.
    方法:应用RT-PCR方法检测正常皮肤,正常瘢痕,增生性瘢痕和瘢痕疙瘩组织中E2F1 mRNA的水平
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Surgical intervention was carried out in 31 of 39 cases of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period from June 1960 to August 1979. Anvurysmectomy with grafting of vascular prosthesis was performed in 28 case, among which silk vascular prosthesis was used in 26. Ligation of the abdominal aorta proximal to the aneurysm was carried out in 1 case. Post-operative complications included acute renal failure and coagulopathy after massive blood transfusion 1 case each and ischemia of the sigmoid colon, chronic...

Surgical intervention was carried out in 31 of 39 cases of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period from June 1960 to August 1979. Anvurysmectomy with grafting of vascular prosthesis was performed in 28 case, among which silk vascular prosthesis was used in 26. Ligation of the abdominal aorta proximal to the aneurysm was carried out in 1 case. Post-operative complications included acute renal failure and coagulopathy after massive blood transfusion 1 case each and ischemia of the sigmoid colon, chronic arterial insufficiency of the lower extremities and cerebral anoxia 2 case each; anastomotic false aneurysm in 3 cases and acute intestinal obstruction in 4 cases. All patients were followed up, 20 of the 28 cases of aneurysmectomy with grafting were still alive, the postoperative survival averaged 54.8 months, the longest being 13 years and 7 months. In the non-operated-group only 2 of the 8 cases were living. 17 deaths were mainly caused by rupture of the aneurysm or cerebral vascular accident. The authors believe that aortography should be used only when the diagnosis is uncertain. Surgical treatment is indicated whenever the diagnosis is made. Arteriosclerotic involvement of multiple organs and advanced age are not absolute contra-indications. It is advisable to reinforce the anastomotic line with a silk taffeta cuff to safeguard against the occurrence of an anastomotic false aneurysm. Prolonged traction on the third and fourth portions of the duodenum should be avoided.

本文报道肾动脉水平以下腹主动脉瘤39例,31例施行了手术,其中28例作了动脉瘤切除及人造血管移植术。全部病例均获得随访,动脉瘤切除、人造血管移植者中目前仍有20例存活,平均术后时间为54.8个月,最长的已达13年7个月.作者认为除诊断有困难的病例外,腹主动脉造影术不宜列为常规,诊断明确者,应积极采取手术治疗.动脉瘤破裂时,应直视下找到瘤体近端动脉加以控制进行止血.

For the purpose of exploring the relationship between osteogenous oervioal gpondylosis and aging changes that took place in Lusohka joints, 18 autopsy fresh cervical specimens of different ages and 160 sets of 03-7 vertebrae bones were studied.lodipin was injected into the cavity of Lusohka joint of the 18 fresh specimens and X-ray pictures were taken. Serial sections of Lusohka joints were made and examined after staining.The shape of unoinate process was described with measurement of its three dimensions and...

For the purpose of exploring the relationship between osteogenous oervioal gpondylosis and aging changes that took place in Lusohka joints, 18 autopsy fresh cervical specimens of different ages and 160 sets of 03-7 vertebrae bones were studied.lodipin was injected into the cavity of Lusohka joint of the 18 fresh specimens and X-ray pictures were taken. Serial sections of Lusohka joints were made and examined after staining.The shape of unoinate process was described with measurement of its three dimensions and diameter of the intervertabral foramen on the 160 sets of 03-7. The results were analysed statistically.For the study of the morphology of the joint in correlation with its function, biomechanioal test was undertaken with static and dynamic load to measure the strain at different levels of Luschka joints in the fresh specimens.In bones of male over 50 years old, osteophytes of Lusohka joint were found bilaterally at C4-6 resulting narrowing of the foramina (P<0.01). In those of female over 50 years old, this phenomenon was of negative interrelation unilaterally at C4 and 06 (P<0.05). Hyper trophic changes of Lusohka joints are considered as pathological changes causing different forms of oervioal spondylosis.The stress-strain curve of the cervical spine showed that the vertical stress in extension is about 50 % of that in flexion. The experiments for stress investigation in human cervical spine revealed that the levels of maximum stress are between C4-C6 with the neck in extension and flexion. Biomeohanical factor is considered to be one of the important factors for osteophytio formations occuring frequently at C4-C6.

本文针对临床上常见的骨原性颈椎病,研究了钩椎关节(Luschka关节)的年龄解剖及其大、微体解剖形态学和关节的发育过程与毗邻组织器官的关系以及发生退行性改变后,对颈椎间管管径,椎管管径和横突孔的影响程度,试图为临床骨原性颈椎病的发病机理提供解剖学上的解释。同时,也在新鲜颈椎材料上,进行了静、动态等生物力学的测试,探索在不同体位下的颈椎活动范围,不同水平颈椎体和钩椎关节的钩突部在一定负荷情况下,所产生的应力——应变曲线。因而,从生物力学的模拟实测中,得到一些理性上的认识。

721 cases of breast cancer from 1956 to 1975 were reviewed. Clinical stage of the disease is the most important factor for the prognosis, other factors, such as histological type, location of lesions, menstrual and pregnant status, and therapeutic modalities, etc. may also play an important role in affecting the long term result.Fine needle aspiration cytological examination(NACE). xeroradiomammagraphy, and grey scale ultrasonic tomography were the three principal methods used for the diagnosis. After having...

721 cases of breast cancer from 1956 to 1975 were reviewed. Clinical stage of the disease is the most important factor for the prognosis, other factors, such as histological type, location of lesions, menstrual and pregnant status, and therapeutic modalities, etc. may also play an important role in affecting the long term result.Fine needle aspiration cytological examination(NACE). xeroradiomammagraphy, and grey scale ultrasonic tomography were the three principal methods used for the diagnosis. After having performed NACE, 282 cases of breast cancer had been followed up to 5 years, and their results runs parallel with that of the control. 375 cases of breast tumors were diagnosed by xeroradiography, and ten cardinal signs of malignant lesion are summerized. Ultrasonic breast tomography and echogram were also used in helping early breast cancer diagnosis. Using all the afore-mentioned diagnotic tools. some progress has been achieved.

本文通过总结自1956—1975年721例乳腺癌的临床疗效证明临床病期乃是影响予后的最重要因素。为提高乳腺癌的早期诊断水平,近年来先后开展了乳腺X-线干板摄影,乳腺针吸细胞学检查及灰谐超声检查。 针吸细胞学检查简单易行,误诊率最低,已常规应用于临床诊断,部分地取代了手术活检。针吸病例随诊五年证明对予后无影响。乳腺X-线干板摄影可发现一些小癌,减少了乳腺癌的漏诊。基于375例干板摄影资料分析,总结出十种有诊断意义的干板征象。乳腺超声图象检查具有无损伤,易于重复和长于鉴别囊性与实性乳腺肿块的优点。综合应用诸法有助于乳癌的早期诊断。

 
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