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自适诗
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  self-content poems
     The Brief Research on Master Liu Ji's "Allegory Poems"——With the Comparison with Master Gao Qi's " Self-Content Poems"
     刘基“讽谕诗”初探——兼与高启“自适诗”比较
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     Master Gaoqi's self-content poems have great difference with Master Liu Ji's allegory poems in the aspects of thoughts and methods.
     高启自适诗在内容、诗学思想、诗法等方面与刘基讽谕诗都有很大不同。
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     Since the interacting coping theory and its model were put forward by R.
     R.
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     Since Z.
     Z .
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     Poetry
    
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     The Analyses on Self-cosy of Liu Zongyuan's Poems in Yongzhou
     试论柳宗元永州时期中的思想
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     External Adaptation and Self-consistence
     外
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The main content of Master Liu Ji's allegory poems criticized the social illnesses,exposed the social contradictions,showed compassions to the difficulties of common people's life,and expressed his depression caused by the failure of his ambition.The thoughts of his poem writing emphasized on preaching,and he advocated"rationalism"as well as "courage".Master Gaoqi's self-content poems have great difference with Master Liu Ji's allegory poems in the aspects of thoughts and methods.By comparing the differences...

The main content of Master Liu Ji's allegory poems criticized the social illnesses,exposed the social contradictions,showed compassions to the difficulties of common people's life,and expressed his depression caused by the failure of his ambition.The thoughts of his poem writing emphasized on preaching,and he advocated"rationalism"as well as "courage".Master Gaoqi's self-content poems have great difference with Master Liu Ji's allegory poems in the aspects of thoughts and methods.By comparing the differences of the poems of two mastes,the characteristics of Master Liu Ji's poem can be presented in a clear way.

刘基讽谕诗是以批判当时社会种种弊端,揭露社会矛盾,同情民生疾苦,感发壮志难酬为主要内容,其诗学思想注重言志教化,其诗法则主倡“理”“气”。高启自适诗在内容、诗学思想、诗法等方面与刘基讽谕诗都有很大不同。对比两者之不同则更能深入把握刘基讽谕诗之特点。

Traditional Chinese philosophy is abundant in profound wisdom about leisure. It advocates ease,liberty and self-contentment,which,as an attitude toward life,is inherently connected with the aesthetic spiritual realm. Studies on traditional Chinese philosophy suggest that ″Kong Yan's pleasure″ and ″happiness of Zeng Dian″ of Confucianism,″carefree lifestyle″ of Taoism,the ″comfort in the wood″ of Zen Buddhism,″flawless accomplishment as if by nature″,″ease with oneself″,the ″ non-attachment and the untroubled...

Traditional Chinese philosophy is abundant in profound wisdom about leisure. It advocates ease,liberty and self-contentment,which,as an attitude toward life,is inherently connected with the aesthetic spiritual realm. Studies on traditional Chinese philosophy suggest that ″Kong Yan's pleasure″ and ″happiness of Zeng Dian″ of Confucianism,″carefree lifestyle″ of Taoism,the ″comfort in the wood″ of Zen Buddhism,″flawless accomplishment as if by nature″,″ease with oneself″,the ″ non-attachment and the untroubled mind″ of Neo-Confucianism——all these show the Chinese philosophers' understanding and ideal of leisure life as well as their aesthetic spirit and interest. The aesthetic understanding of life shown in the ″Enjoyment of Nature″ theory of the Ming Dynasty philosopher,Chen Baisha,constitutes the typical embodiment of the wisdom of traditional Chinese philosophers. The ″Enjoyment of nature″ is the concentrated embodiment of Chen Baisha's spiritual realm. It,as the unification and development of as well as an integration of Confucian moral theory,Taoism and Zen Buddhist wisdom,is,in essence,of great significance. So,instead of putting emphasis on the action in accordance with the external world,Chen Baisha's philosophy aims at spiritual enjoyment and natural development of personality,and advocates the enlightenment of nature in one's life. Chen Beisha's big-hearted,natural delight in poetry and wine,his serene,noble and unsullied love of chrysanthemum,his unfettered and unrestrained rejoicing in idyllic life vividly reflect the leisurely state of being detached and contented of those Chinese philosophers who thoroughly understood the ways of the world and the essence of life,regarding themselves as an integral part of nature and free from the worldly care. Though years have passed,the idea of enjoying a leisurely life is still of fresh value and gives one new insights into the establishment and maintenance of a harmonious contemporary society.

中国传统哲学蕴涵着丰富而深刻的休闲智慧——崇尚洒落自得的“曾点之乐”,这种生活态度和生存理想又与审美境界内在地相通。明代哲学家陈白沙“自然之乐”的生命境界和审美境界,极为典型地体现了中国传统哲人的休闲智慧其旷达自适的诗酒之乐、隐逸高洁的菊花之爱、逍遥自在的田园之趣,表现出中国哲人超然物外、天人合一、渗透人间世相、悟出生活真谛后的一种超越自得的生存境界。这种休闲的生存境界,对于我们当代社会的和谐生存具有一定的启示意义。

 
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