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住房
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     housing;
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Feasibility analysis of mixed-income housing in China
      
In this paper, it is demonstrated that mixed-income housing is a feasible and beneficial pattern nowadays.
      
The hypothesis is tested and the feasible and beneficial characteristics of mixed-income housing are pointed out.
      
Estimating Efficiency of Housing and Public Services Depending on the Structure of Habitation Property
      
Choice of the criteria for estimation and design of a mathematical model of the municipal housing and public services was discussed.
      
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The Sixth International Seminar of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture on "The Changing Rural Habitat" was held Oct. 19-21 in Beijing, and was attended by about 70 delegates from more than 20 countries. His Highness the Aga Khan personally presided over the meeting. On behalf of ASC, President Yang Tingbao first expressed hearty congratulations and warm welcome to His Highness the Aga Khan and all the celebrated delegates. He pointed out that it was a valuable academic activity. Speaking of the rural development...

The Sixth International Seminar of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture on "The Changing Rural Habitat" was held Oct. 19-21 in Beijing, and was attended by about 70 delegates from more than 20 countries. His Highness the Aga Khan personally presided over the meeting. On behalf of ASC, President Yang Tingbao first expressed hearty congratulations and warm welcome to His Highness the Aga Khan and all the celebrated delegates. He pointed out that it was a valuable academic activity. Speaking of the rural development in China, he reviewed the past experiences and the present-day need for rural reconstruction and housing, and the problems concerned. He believed that discussion with fellow architects and specialists of various countries would be very beneficial and significant and would give great help in subsequent work. Mr. Han Guang, Director of State Capital Construction Commission of PRC, spoke of the importance of rural habitat as a topic of great concern in the world today. He reviewed the rural development in New China, the encouraging perspective of rural economy, the increased pace of rural reconstruction, and the policy of "self-built with public aid" adopted in China. He looked at the seminar as a good opportunity to learn from experiences of other nations.Speaking of the seminar, his Highness the Aga Khan said: "This as an historic occasion. The people gathered here represent a unique concentration of intelligence and expertise in the topic that is to be delt with and on the questions that will be raised and must be answered. The place-the People's Republic of China-will provide the stimulus to encourage the innovation so desperately needed to solve the problems of rural peoples all over the world, but especially of the poor among them-and it will also supply the kind of perspective that only a country with millennia of history behind it can inspire. Finally, the ocassion coincides with-and is indeed a response to-the increasingly urgent demands on the part of rural peoples in the developing world not only for a longer, happier, and healthier life, but for achieving it without violating the regional differences, obliterating the traditional cultures, and destroying the natural environment that make life worth living." He explained that the word "habitat" refers not only to places where people live, but also the places where people ought to live.He further pointed out that the problem of the rural habitat is an almost overwhelming one for the developing countries of Asia and Africa. "The great cities of Asia and Africa are already almost at the point of collapse beneath the unrelenting pressures of immigration from the rural hinterlands. Somehow ways have to be found to make the countryside itself a more desirable place to live in, which in turn demands an ability to earn more and to save enough as individuals or families or communes to begin the process of self-generated economic growth and thus social wellbeing. The Aga Khan Award for Architecture seeks to identify and premiate all successful efforts in the resolution of man's built environment, and cearly the fate and future of the rural habitat must be of prime concern tous.......... Our central purpose here, then, is to increase understanding of the ruralhabitat and, from that understanding, to devise appropriate strategies for change, both for our colleagues in planning, architecture and other related fields, and for a wider audience of decision makers and concerned people everywhere."The following papers were read and discussed in the seminar:1. CHOLISTAN......................................................Kamil Khan Mumtaz2. THE PESANTREN: RURAL HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT IN JAVA, INDONESIA.......................Hasan Uddin Khan, Farokh Afshar3. DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL HOUSING IN CHINA.........Zhao Bainian4. A SYSTEM OF SELF-HELP CONSTRUCTION ADOPTED IN RURAL SENEGALPart 1. .........................................................Brian Brace TaylorPart 2. ................................................................Kamal El Jack5. RATIONALIZED BUILDING SYSTEMS

以“变化中的乡村居住建设”为主题的阿卡·汗建筑奖第六次国际学术讨论会,共发表了十三篇论文,其中有中国提供的三篇论文。此外,还散发了《乡村发展政策:居民点和住房的比较评价》等五篇参考材料,其中有中国提供的《有关中国农村住宅建设的一些情况》等两篇参考材料。 除《河南荥阳田禄窑居》一篇论文的详细内容已在本刊1981年第10期《向黄土地层争取合理的新空间》一文中发表以外,现将其余十一篇论文的摘要刊登,供读者参考。

To get better result of storing apples under the condition of higher temperature in the house and caves lived by the preasants, we have taken the storing method of a tent of silica plastic film intake ventilator for controlling atmosphere with selection to air penetration. The result indicates that we can use the technique of plastic film for controlling atmosphere to keep the stored apples fresh and crisp, delaying the storage time limit. Through careful management, we have the temperature being kept below...

To get better result of storing apples under the condition of higher temperature in the house and caves lived by the preasants, we have taken the storing method of a tent of silica plastic film intake ventilator for controlling atmosphere with selection to air penetration. The result indicates that we can use the technique of plastic film for controlling atmosphere to keep the stored apples fresh and crisp, delaying the storage time limit. Through careful management, we have the temperature being kept below 14℃ at the beginning of the storage in the houses or caves and make the respiration of the stored apples rationally restricted. After three months, the proportion of the total loss of the stored apples is well controlled below 3—4.6%, and the economic income has increased by 50—60%.

为了在民用住房和住窑较高温度条件下取得比较好的苹果贮藏效果,采用了对气体渗透有选择性的硅窗气调帐贮藏方法。結果表明,在变温条件下,经精心管理后,使果实入贮初期住房(窑)内温度控制在14℃以下,可以借助于塑料薄膜气调技术,合理地限制果实的呼吸,使贮藏果实保持鲜脆,延长贮藏期。经三个多月贮藏,总损耗控制在3—4.6%以下,可增加经济收入50—60%。

The general housing investigation is of great significance to the entirelty programme of a city. However, the work load is cumbersome for a micro-comptuer to proceed its statistical analysis, since the investigation is based on the details of various households totalled to 1.5 million, that will make the number of precessed data more than 21 million on the basis of 15 items of data per household.This paper introduces a computer system on CROMEMCO micro-computer for housing investigation as an application of...

The general housing investigation is of great significance to the entirelty programme of a city. However, the work load is cumbersome for a micro-comptuer to proceed its statistical analysis, since the investigation is based on the details of various households totalled to 1.5 million, that will make the number of precessed data more than 21 million on the basis of 15 items of data per household.This paper introduces a computer system on CROMEMCO micro-computer for housing investigation as an application of micro-computer in large scale investigation. We proceeded the overall statistical analysis for the 150 thousand households of Xu Wei District, the system runs properly, the operation is easy and the users are satisfied with its better result achieved at lower cost and higher speed.

住房普查对市的整体规划有非常重大的意义。然而普查的单位是户,本市居民达150万户,以每户14个数据计,全市即将近2100万个数据。对此进行统计分析,工作量是相当庞大的。本文介绍了一个建立在CROMEMCO微机上的住房普查计算机系统,为微机应用于大规模数据处理提供了实例。我们以此对徐汇区13万户进行了全面的分析统计工作,结果证明系统的运转正常,统计软件包功能强,操作简便统计正确,省时省钱受到用户欢迎。

 
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