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    The development of antistatic agents abroad trends toward endurance, thermal resistance, flexibility in application and varieties of product in series, at the same time the research work at home trend towards developing products with high temperature resistance, better endurance and lower toxicity or non toxic property .
    国外抗静电剂的发展趋势是向持久、耐热、适用性广和品种系列化方向发展,国内研究方向是开发耐高温、耐久性强、低毒或无毒的抗静电剂。
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People all over the world like edible fungi much because of their delicious taste, rich in nutrient and high medical value. This paper is a survey on basica and applied studies of edible fungi by submerged culture technology home and abroad. The major study aspects abroad are: studies of growth factors and mechanism of the turning mycelia into fruity body, the aroma substance, the chemical composition and the applying in medicine and feed etc. The major study home are: supplying liquid-state seed culture, applying...

People all over the world like edible fungi much because of their delicious taste, rich in nutrient and high medical value. This paper is a survey on basica and applied studies of edible fungi by submerged culture technology home and abroad. The major study aspects abroad are: studies of growth factors and mechanism of the turning mycelia into fruity body, the aroma substance, the chemical composition and the applying in medicine and feed etc. The major study home are: supplying liquid-state seed culture, applying in medicine and food industry and extraction of metablic products. It can be conclused in terms of the studies home and abroad that the submerged culture technology applied in edible fungi production will have a great future.

食用苗以其特有的鲜香风味、丰富的营养和较高的药用价值而得到世人的喜爱。笔者主要综述了国内外利用液态发酵这一生物技术在食用菌的基础研究和开发应用方面的情况。国外的研究方向大致为:食用菌菌丝体变为子实体的发育因子及内在机制、风味物质、化学成分及在医药和饲料方面的应用等。国内的研究方向包括为:供应液体菌种、医药食品工业方面的应用及提取代谢产物等。纵观国内外的研究,液态发酵这一生物技术应用于食用菌生产有着广阔的前景。

Liquid strain possesses the following merit:the short time of cultivating fungus,the quick velocity of sending out,the order of fungus age,the convenient of inoculation etc.By the way,it is still convenient to produce the edible fungus on a grand scale or factorization.At present,the research direction of fermentation on the deep layer in the edible fungus is chiefly extraction of taste matter or application of chemical composition to medicine or fodder abroad,and production liquid strain or extraction of metabolite...

Liquid strain possesses the following merit:the short time of cultivating fungus,the quick velocity of sending out,the order of fungus age,the convenient of inoculation etc.By the way,it is still convenient to produce the edible fungus on a grand scale or factorization.At present,the research direction of fermentation on the deep layer in the edible fungus is chiefly extraction of taste matter or application of chemical composition to medicine or fodder abroad,and production liquid strain or extraction of metabolite ect.at home.Production strain is the basic link during producing edible fungi,which research and application is an important subject.The paper summarized the circumstances of fundamental research and development application of production liquid strain in the edible fungi at home,and summed up the problem of its existence,and put forward the condition that changed eagerly.

与固体菌种相比 ,液体菌种具有以下优点 :培养时间短、发菌快、菌龄整齐、接种方便等。而且它还有利于食用菌生产的规模化、工厂化。目前国外的食用菌深层发酵研究方向主要是风味物质和化学成分在医药和饲料方面的应用 ,国内的研究方向为液体菌种的生产及提取代谢产物等。作为食用菌生产的基本环节 ,其菌种的研究与应用一直是一个重要的课题。综述国内食用菌液体菌种制备的基础研究和开发应用方面的情况 ,总结其存在的问题 ,提出急需改变的状况。

The varieties and development trends of antistatic agents have been detailed, its market situations overseas are introduced, the production and domestic market demand are forecasted, and the suggestions on development of antistatic agents are also put forward. In 1997 the output of antistatic agents for plastics in America was 6100t, and in 2003 its consumption in Japan was 5000t. At present, the demand on antistatic agents in China is reached 5000t/a at least with actual throughput of only 3000t/a. The development...

The varieties and development trends of antistatic agents have been detailed, its market situations overseas are introduced, the production and domestic market demand are forecasted, and the suggestions on development of antistatic agents are also put forward. In 1997 the output of antistatic agents for plastics in America was 6100t, and in 2003 its consumption in Japan was 5000t. At present, the demand on antistatic agents in China is reached 5000t/a at least with actual throughput of only 3000t/a. The development of antistatic agents abroad trends toward endurance, thermal resistance, flexibility in application and varieties of product in series, at the same time the research work at home trend towards developing products with high temperature resistance, better endurance and lower toxicity or non toxic property .

详细阐述了抗静电剂的品种及其发展趋势,并对国外市场情况进行了介绍、对国内市场进行了产需预测,最后提出了抗静电剂产业的发展建议。1997年美国塑料抗静电剂的产量为6100t,2003年日本抗静电剂的使用量已达到5000t。目前国内抗静电剂需求量至少达到5000t/a,而实际生产能力不到3000t/a。国外抗静电剂的发展趋势是向持久、耐热、适用性广和品种系列化方向发展,国内研究方向是开发耐高温、耐久性强、低毒或无毒的抗静电剂。

 
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