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文学批评形态
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  the form of literary criticism
     The form of literary criticism changed into that of realistic criticism from political and historical criticism . At the angle of literature noumenon and its value ,it changed into social utility from political utility .
     新时期文学批评形态以1985年为界,从形态学角度看,八十年代初期,文学批评形态由文革时期的政治历史批评形态转型为现实主义批评形态,从文学本体观和价值观角度看,则由文革时的政治功利性转化为社会功利性,依然没有改变文学批评的功利性性质。
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  “文学批评形态”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Reconstruction of the Pattern of Contemporary Literary Criticism: Necessity and Possibility
     当代文学批评形态重构:必要与可能
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     A Research on the Forms of Siming Literary Review
     四明文学批评形态研究
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     Ecocriticism is a kind of literary criticism modality that rises in middle of 90's of 20th century in Euro-American, studying the relation between literature and natural environment Since 90's of 20 century is up to now, accompanying with global ecosystem crisis and modern people spirit crisis to turn worse increasingly, ecocriticism has been gradually concerned and valued.
     生态批评是兴起于欧美20世纪90年代中期,研究文学与自然环境之间关系的一种文学批评形态。 20世纪90年代至今,伴随着全球性的生态危机以及现代人精神危机的日益加剧,生态批评逐渐受到了关注和重视。
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     Abstract This paper discusses three major types of literary criticism in China in the first half of the 20th century from the perspective of the functions of criticism.
     本文从批评功能的角度,考察本世纪上半叶中国三种主要的文学批评形态
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     We define the modern literary criticism in China,which is a pan utilitarian form of literary criticism.
     我们把 1917- 192 4年间的中国现代文学批评 ,定格为初生态中国现代文学批评。 它是泛功利型的文学批评形态
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     A Research on the Forms of Siming Literary Review
     四明文学批评形态研究
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     An Essay on Literary Criticism
     文学批评断想
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     the question of literary criticism.
     文学批评问题。
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     The Critical Form of Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literature
     论中国现代文学批评本体形态
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     Logical and Formal Characteristics of the History of Chinese Literary Criticism
     中国文学批评史的逻辑基点和形态特征
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Abstract This paper discusses three major types of literary criticism in China in the first half of the 20th century from the perspective of the functions of criticism. The first type of criticism focuses on literary works proper. The critics analyze literary works with their own experience, wisdom and passion and activate the intelligence in the works through a poetic expression of their critical response towards them. It is art-oriented criticism, with Lu Xun, Li Jianwu and Hu Feng as its representatives....

Abstract This paper discusses three major types of literary criticism in China in the first half of the 20th century from the perspective of the functions of criticism. The first type of criticism focuses on literary works proper. The critics analyze literary works with their own experience, wisdom and passion and activate the intelligence in the works through a poetic expression of their critical response towards them. It is art-oriented criticism, with Lu Xun, Li Jianwu and Hu Feng as its representatives. The second type aims at an independent cultural value. The critics attempt to dig out the philosophical, sociological, ethic, psychological and linguistic significance that may exit in the works. They employ all western literary approaches and try to push forward the transformation of Chinese literary criticism. It is learning-oriented criticism, with Wang Guowei, Pang Guangdan and Wu Shichang as its representatives. The third type serves politics. It does work in the ideological sphere during periods of sharp political struggles but does not function well aesthetically. It is society-oriented criticism, with Qian Xingchun and Zhou Yang as its representatives.

本文从批评功能的角度,考察本世纪上半叶中国三种主要的文学批评形态。第一种是介入创作的批评,批评家用经验、智慧和热情拥抱作品,通过批评心得的诗意传达激活创作的灵性;它和创作一同前进,扶植文学新人的成长,推动文学流派的发展,体现了批评的“艺术关怀”;鲁迅、李健吾、胡风等人可视为其代表。第二种批评追求独立的精神文化价值,它注重阐释作品中可能存在的哲学、社会学、伦理学、心理学和语言学的意义,它为了拓展批评主体的知识领域,适应批评自我建设的需要,介绍使用西方各种批评方法,推进了中国文学批评的现代转型,体现了批评的“学术关怀”;王国维、潘光旦、吴世昌等人是其代表。第三种是为社会政治服务的批评,它在社会矛盾尖锐的改良与革命年代发挥了文学的意识形态批判作用,体现了批评的“社会关怀”;由于偏重于作品社会政治意义的引申发挥,批评很难在审美的层次上展开;钱杏屯阝、周扬等人是其代表

As a result of transformation and reconstruction the form of the contemporary literary criticism has turned to a pattern of “dominance pluralism”. The main task now lies in construction of the “dominance”, which is the contemporaryform of Marxist literary criticism. It is necessary to sum up the achievements and experiences of the “Chinese style ” of Marxist literary criticism in this century, which has been supported by unification of the philosophy of cognition and sociology.With reference to the actual practice...

As a result of transformation and reconstruction the form of the contemporary literary criticism has turned to a pattern of “dominance pluralism”. The main task now lies in construction of the “dominance”, which is the contemporaryform of Marxist literary criticism. It is necessary to sum up the achievements and experiences of the “Chinese style ” of Marxist literary criticism in this century, which has been supported by unification of the philosophy of cognition and sociology.With reference to the actual practice of the modernization of our country, we showldadjust and change the former supporting theoreticalframework on to a new one, that is ,the unification of the Marxist philosophy of practicality and humane studies. By doing so, we will realize the systematic composition of the concepts of literary criticism. The basic frame work of this systematic composition can be conceived as an organic unification of the mainbody theory, ontology and axiology.

当代文学批评形态的变革与重建,正形成“主导多元”的格局。当今建构的主要任务,在于“主导”形态的建构,这一主导形态即马克思主义文学批评的当代形态。应在总结本世纪马克思主义文学批评“中国化”的成果和经验的基础上,联系当今我国现代化的具体实践,将原来中国化马克思主义批评所依据的认知论哲学与社会学统一的理论基点,调整转换到马克思主义实践论哲学与人学统一的理论基点上来,进而走向文学批评观念的系统整合。这种系统整合的基本框架,可设想为主体论、本体论与价值论的有机统一。

We define the modern literary criticism in China,which is a pan utilitarian form of literary criticism.Its beneficiary,rather than being a specific political party,power,class or group,is the whole society,people and nation.The realization of utilitarianism is not through political struggle or language of power but by the self functioning of literary groups.The forefathers of primitive literary criticism in China clearly realizes that the pan utilitarian function of literature could be achieved only through...

We define the modern literary criticism in China,which is a pan utilitarian form of literary criticism.Its beneficiary,rather than being a specific political party,power,class or group,is the whole society,people and nation.The realization of utilitarianism is not through political struggle or language of power but by the self functioning of literary groups.The forefathers of primitive literary criticism in China clearly realizes that the pan utilitarian function of literature could be achieved only through the aesthetic function of literature.\;

我们把 1917- 192 4年间的中国现代文学批评 ,定格为初生态中国现代文学批评。它是泛功利型的文学批评形态。它的受益对象 ,不是具体的政党、政治阶层、政治势力和集团 ,而是整个社会、民族和国家。功利的实现 ,不是凭借政治搏击、权力话语 ,而是文学群体的自运作。初生态中国现代文学批评的开创者们 ,清醒地认识到文学的泛功效用 ,只有通过文学的审美作用才可获得

 
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