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所有权约束
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  “所有权约束”译为未确定词的双语例句
     (2)The state ownership control is invalid;
     二是国家所有权约束无效;
短句来源
     second, assimilate responsible stockholders, and intensify the inhibiting mechanism, thereby, optimize inhibiting mode of ownership.
     二是可以引入“负责任”股东,加强约束机制,从而优化所有权约束方式。
短句来源
     Entrepreneur restriction mechanism should depends mainly on property rights restriction, responsibility restriction, budget restriction, juristic restriction, moral restriction, etc.
     企业家约束机制应主要体现在所有权约束、责任约束、预算约束、法律约束、道德约束等方面。
短句来源
     The paper analyses such phenomena in internal corporate governance as over centralization of share right, inequilibrium of interior of power construction, failure of incentive monitoring mechanic and softness of exterior market constraint existing in the state owned enterprises (SOEs) and their causes.
     分析了改制后的国有企业仍存在着股权过于集中 ,内部权力结构失衡 ,激励监督机制失灵 ,外部市场约束乏力等种种内部治理结构不规范的现象和原因 ,提出了通过资本营运来优化和分散公司的股权结构 ,强化所有权约束机制。
短句来源
     and the key to the solution of all problems lies inthe ownership reform and the strengthening of the control of ownership in state-owned enterprise.
     解决国有公司治理问题的关键在于深化国有企业的产权改革,强化所有权约束
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     (2)The state ownership control is invalid;
     二是国家所有权约束无效;
短句来源
     Ownership Incentives、External Restrictions and Manager's Behavior
     所有权激励、外部约束与经理行为
短句来源
     On Ownership
     论所有权
短句来源
     On Re-engineering of Ownership
     所有权构造论
短句来源
     Punishment to the violation of thecontract are three kinds: fine, mortgage on the loan and law restrain.
     法律约束
短句来源
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The nonseparation of the functions of government and enterprises and the administrative attribute of enterprises caused by the ownership constraints have resulted in the fact that all kinds of the state rights based on state property cannot be effectively protected. It is the concentrative expression of the vagueness of state property rights. We should give impetus to the enterprise reform in accordance with the train of thought of making the property rights transpicuous and establish the rule that the rights...

The nonseparation of the functions of government and enterprises and the administrative attribute of enterprises caused by the ownership constraints have resulted in the fact that all kinds of the state rights based on state property cannot be effectively protected. It is the concentrative expression of the vagueness of state property rights. We should give impetus to the enterprise reform in accordance with the train of thought of making the property rights transpicuous and establish the rule that the rights are defined by assets. According to the different types of the stateowned enterprises, we may choose different reform strategics: the state-owned enterprises supplying public goods may select the state-owned and state-operated model; monopolistic state-owned enterprises may choose the state-owned and state-controlled model; the competitive state-owned enterprises may be reformed to become corporations; a part of medium-sized and small state-owned enterprises may select the strategy in which the enterprises may be run by the local people. The competitive state-owned enterprises reforming to become corporations may select the operational model of four-level empowerment for state-owned assets, within which the important link consists in setting up the controlling companis and getting the controlling interest through bidding against each other for state-owned shares. The quasi stock is a certificate that the State Administration of State-owned Assets put capital into the controlling companies. The quasi dividend is a economically realized form of the state ownership.

政企不分与所有权约束的行政属性所导致的国家在国有资产上的各种权利得不到切实有效的保护是国有产权模糊的集中体现。应循着产权明晰化思路推进企业改革,确立以资产界定权利的规则,根据国有企业不同类型选择不同的改革战略:提供公共产品的国有企业宜选择国有国营模式,垄断性国有企业宜选择国有国控模式,竞争性国有企业宜进行公司化改造,一部分国有中小型企业宜选择民营化战略。竞争性国有企业公司化改造可选择国有资产的四层授权经营模式,其中重要环节是组建控股公司,通过竞价投标方式购买国有股的控股权,准股票是国有资产管理局向控股公司投入资本的凭证,准股息是国家所有权在经济上的实现形式。

With half century's development in the world,venture fund has opened up its investment domain to almost all private equity. However,it is neccesary for china to definite venture fund in a narrow sense. In view of this venture fund concept, the organizational structure and legel frame has been discussed in the paper. As for china, it is more proper for venture fund to elect corporated type, and enact a special corporate law to provide special legel frame in 16 aspects for venture fumd.

国际创业投资基金制度经过半个多世纪的演进 ,其外延已扩展到所有以私人股权方式进行运作的投资基金品种。但鉴于中国的实际 ,中国的创业投资基金应该严格界定在狭义创业投资基金层面。在此基础上 ,本文对中国创业投资基金的组织结构与立法模式进行了探讨。作者认为 ,中国的创业投资基金宜首先从公司型起步 ,以建立起既能体现投资者的所有权约束又能保障管理者经营权具有相对独立性的产权分立机制 ;但根据创业投资基金公司运作的自身特点 ,又有必要通过制定特别法的方式 ,为创业投资基金公司的运作从十六个方面提供特别法律依据

Establishing a mechanism to guard against accounting information distortion includes setting up and perfecting modern enterprise system,and intensifying the responsibility of the members of board of supevisors,setting up state and collective asset operating system to turn vacant possessors into the restriction of ownership,changing accounting appointment into enterprise financial inspector general appointment,hastening the setting up of the association of certified accountants and reinforcing administration...

Establishing a mechanism to guard against accounting information distortion includes setting up and perfecting modern enterprise system,and intensifying the responsibility of the members of board of supevisors,setting up state and collective asset operating system to turn vacant possessors into the restriction of ownership,changing accounting appointment into enterprise financial inspector general appointment,hastening the setting up of the association of certified accountants and reinforcing administration over social auditing bodies.

建构防范会计信息失真机制 :建立和完善现代企业制度 ,强化监事会成员责任 ;组建国有 (集体 )资产营运体系 ,变所有者缺位为所有权约束 ;改会计委派为企业财务总监委派 ;加快组建会计师协会 ,加强对社会审计机构的管理

 
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