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  hepatitis b
This study evaluates the survival outcomes of patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using right lobe liver grafts for fulminant liver failure due to hepatitis B infection.
      
Expression and Characterization of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen in Transgenic Potato Plants
      
Transgenic potato plants expressing the gene of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) under the control of the double promoter of 35S RNA of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV 35SS) and the promoter of patatin gene of potato tubers have been obtained.
      
The molecular weight of HBsAg peptide was approximately 24 kD, which is in agreement with the size of the major protein of the envelope of hepatitis B virus.
      
Therefore, as well as in recombinant HBsAg-yeast cells, assembling of HBsAg monomers into immunogenic aggregates takes place in HBsAg-transgenic potato, which can be used as a source of recombinant vaccine against hepatitis B virus.
      
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  type hepatitis
A possibility that this escape mutant had selective advantage over wild-type hepatitis B virus under immune pressure is discussed.
      
Hepatitis B virus is a small hepatotropic DNA virus, causing acute and chronic B-type hepatitis in man.
      
In 1992 he developed a very severe disease which was diagnosed as severe type hepatitis B.
      
Nucleotide sequence of wild-type hepatitis A virus GBM in comparison with two cell culture-adapted variants.
      
No animal model or cell culture system is available for the isolation or propagation of noroviruses and most wild-type hepatitis A virus strains.
      
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There has never been reported of leptospirosis in Beijing district in the past years except two patients infected in the laboratory. Between 1971-1972 from cases of suspected "Japanese encephalitis" we had made etiological and serological examinations of the patients and proved that they were not "Japanese encephalitis" but leptospirosis. The main strains were L. pomona. The other one was L. Karassoi.Pig was found to be the source of infection.

北京地区对钩端螺旋体病,除报道过二例实验室感染者外,一直未见有报告。1971~1972年对可疑“流行性乙型脑炎”患者进行了病原学及血清学调查,证实了患者并非“乙脑”,而是钩端螺旋体病。其病原除一株为豕亚型外,主要为波蒙那型钩端螺旋体。传染源为猪。

The conditions of the mosquito-borne HBsAg were investigated with the RPHA method in Henan Province. The number of capture of Anopheles hyrcanus sinensis was small, and no HBsAg was detected from them. HBsAg was detected in both Culex pipiens pallens and Armigeres subalbatus and their positive rates of HBsAg were 10.3 and 4.6% respectively. The positive rates varied with different physiological conditions of mosquitoes, being 15.0, 7.2 and 7.5% respectively for fed, unfed and gravid females.With the digestion...

The conditions of the mosquito-borne HBsAg were investigated with the RPHA method in Henan Province. The number of capture of Anopheles hyrcanus sinensis was small, and no HBsAg was detected from them. HBsAg was detected in both Culex pipiens pallens and Armigeres subalbatus and their positive rates of HBsAg were 10.3 and 4.6% respectively. The positive rates varied with different physiological conditions of mosquitoes, being 15.0, 7.2 and 7.5% respectively for fed, unfed and gravid females.With the digestion of the blood in the mosquito's stomach, most of the HBsAg was excreted in the feces gradually. This new finding of the transmission of HBsAg inside the mosquito's body has not been reported. The fact that HBsAg was not detected in eggs and larvae showed that it is not transmitted by eggs.

用反向被动血凝法调查了河南某地蚊虫携带乙型肝炎表面抗原(HBsAg)的情况。中华按蚊捕获数较少,未检出HBsAg,淡色库蚊和骚扰阿蚊中均检出HBsAg,以10只为一组,阳性率分别为10.3和4.6%。不同生理状况的蚊虫,如吸血、空腹(未吸血)和怀孕组的检出阳性率亦不同,分别为15.0、7.2和7.5%。发现吸血蚊随着胃血的消化,大部分HBsAg逐渐随粪便排出。蚊卵和幼虫中都未能检出HBsAg,说明HBsAg不能经卵传递。

A prevalence survey of hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection among Lisu people wasconducted in Dechang County, SichuanProvince. The same survey as above amongHan people served as the control wascarried out simultaneously in neighboringvillages of Lisu minority settled area. Atwostage random sampling procedure wasused to select subjects for testing bloodHBV markers in this survey. There were 198 households and 1062persons of Lisu minority studied, and 210households and 753 persons of Han peoplesurveyed. Among 745...

A prevalence survey of hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection among Lisu people wasconducted in Dechang County, SichuanProvince. The same survey as above amongHan people served as the control wascarried out simultaneously in neighboringvillages of Lisu minority settled area. Atwostage random sampling procedure wasused to select subjects for testing bloodHBV markers in this survey. There were 198 households and 1062persons of Lisu minority studied, and 210households and 753 persons of Han peoplesurveyed. Among 745 Lisu persons, 9. 80% were foundto be HBsAg positive, 28.77% of which wereHBeAg positive; 9.66% anti-HBs positive;48.72% anti-HBc positive; and 36.99% Anti-HBe positive. The total serologic prevalenceof HBV infection was 51.41%. The incidenceof hepatitis B was 1.51% and subtype ofHBsAg was adr. This survey shows that there is nodifference in HBsAg carrier rate and totalserologic prevalence of HBV infectionbetween Lisu minorties and Han persons inDechang County and other parts of China.

采取分层整群抽样法,在四川省德昌县傈僳族聚居地及其毗邻汉族聚居地作乙型肝炎流行病学调查。共调查傈僳族198户,1062人;汉族210户,753人;采血傈僳族745人,汉族574人。发现傈僳族HBsAg阳性率为9.80%,抗-HBs阳性率9.66%,抗-HBc阳性率48.72%。乙肝血清流行率为51.41%。HBeAg阳性率为28。77%,抗-HBe阳性率36.99%。HBsAg亚型测定均属adr亚型。乙肝现患阳性率1.51%。本调查提示傈僳族HBsAg携带率、乙型肝炎血清流行率和全国各地相近,傈僳族和毗邻汉族之间无显著差异。

 
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