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  local linkage
     Territorialization requires to strengthen the local linkage of a industry, extend the industry chain, improve the social service, develop the relative and supportive industries and enforce the function of learning in an organization.
     地域化要加强产业的本地联系 ,延长产业链 ,完善社区的服务功能 ,发展相关和辅助产业 ,增强组织的学习功能 ;
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  “本地联系”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Especially for the industrial clusters in developing country, the global relation is more important than the local relation, participating in GVC is important way to improve their ability and upgrade.
     尤其对于发展中国家集群来说,全球联系比本地联系更重要,参与全球价值链是提升自身能力和获得升级的重要途径。
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  相似匹配句对
     Local News
     本地要闻
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     Keeping In Touch
     保持联系
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     As far as the industrial upgrading of the clusters,the local interaction and global linkage are co-existed.
     指出在集群升级问题上,本地企业的互动及外部联系是共存的。
短句来源
     Methods Comprehensive analysis by Investigate to study , going over the data and linking with the local practice.
     方法 考察学习 ,查阅资料 ,联系本地情况 ,综合分析。
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     WAYS OF THE LOGICAL CONNECTION OF THE CONJECTION AND
     and的逻辑联系方式
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  local linkages
Foreign direct investment and local linkages: An empirical investigation
      
With regard to local connectedness, our tentative results indicate a limited, but differentiated weakening of local linkages if knowledge networking is predominantly global.
      
Explicit consideration is given to subsidiaries' value-added scope and the density and quality of local linkages as key determinants of host country impact.
      
Building all of these local linkages into the observing and modeling systems will be critical to our success.
      
Equipment supply, of moderate importance to the innovation process in fact, was based on predominantly market-based local linkages.
      
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  local linkage
But foreign firms also impact on local linkage formation more directly.
      
In general external linkages have had a restraining effect on local linkage formation.
      
Such extended local linkage disequilibrium is typically found in subjects of relatively homogeneous European 60 such as our twin sample.
      
The damage process takes place due to particle cracking, microcrack formation and growth and local linkage of microcracks.
      


Through a case study on PC-related manufacturing in Dongguan, this paper examines the transformation of global-local ties in the development of local clusters in the context of Pearl River Delta, a foreign investment driven industrialized area in China. Following a brief theoretical review on the industrial cluster and the dynamics of global PC market environment, the changing structure of local PC production network is analyzed. The development of the local PC production network is divided into two stages:...

Through a case study on PC-related manufacturing in Dongguan, this paper examines the transformation of global-local ties in the development of local clusters in the context of Pearl River Delta, a foreign investment driven industrialized area in China. Following a brief theoretical review on the industrial cluster and the dynamics of global PC market environment, the changing structure of local PC production network is analyzed. The development of the local PC production network is divided into two stages: first, from the late 1980s to the early 1990s, export oriented manufacturing plants with strong global linkages but weak local linkages were established under the export processing regulations; second, from the middle 1990s till now, the local electronics intermediates production network kept growing with the Taiwan PC makers flood-in. The changing structure of local industrial linkages is intervened with the dynamics of social relations between different agents, which leads to the challenges of institutional innovation in the development of local clusters. Then, we analyze the congestion of custom, a prevalent problem faced by most local PC makers at present, and the ongoing bargain on regulations between overseas investors and local policy-makers. We argue that this institutional bottleneck of local production network is among the results of the structural changing, and cannot be solved only by readjustment at operational level. The forthcoming entrance WTO is a step towards improvement. However, the establishment of local common sense on new market rules among investors, local officials and labors is still a long way to go.

从地方产业群理论出发,探讨全球联系和本地联系对地方产业群内部企业网络发展的影响, 并结合对东莞3镇的PC相关制造业的实地考察,指出随着中国沿海改革开放的不断深入,逐渐形 成一些外向型制造业地方产业群,其发展过程中,本地生产网络与全球生产网络格局已经发生了转 变,原来为“三来一补”的出口加工贸易服务的制度设计在实践中逐渐变成了地方产业群进一步发 展的制度瓶颈。区域持续发展有赖于不断的制度创新,以充分发挥本地已经形成的产业集聚优势。

Chinese industries are facing an open environment to a wider extent in development after WTO access. Changes in the factor, mode, system of production and the key factors of development can reflect some new features of this open environment, in which Chinese industries must achieve high degree of territorialization and internationalization to meet the requirements of it. Territorialization requires to strengthen the local linkage of a industry, extend the industry chain, improve the social service, develop the...

Chinese industries are facing an open environment to a wider extent in development after WTO access. Changes in the factor, mode, system of production and the key factors of development can reflect some new features of this open environment, in which Chinese industries must achieve high degree of territorialization and internationalization to meet the requirements of it. Territorialization requires to strengthen the local linkage of a industry, extend the industry chain, improve the social service, develop the relative and supportive industries and enforce the function of learning in an organization. Internationalization includes "attracting foreign investments" and " going abroad", which is the extension and inevitable trend of territorialization.

入世后中国产业面临更加开放的发展环境 ,生产关系、生产方式、生产系统和增长因素等方面都体现了这一环境的新特征。中国产业只有实现高度的地域化和国际化才能适应新环境的要求。地域化要加强产业的本地联系 ,延长产业链 ,完善社区的服务功能 ,发展相关和辅助产业 ,增强组织的学习功能 ;国际化包括“引进来”和“走出去”两方面 ,是开放条件下产业地域化发展的延伸和必然趋势。

China is now the third largest shipbuilding country in the world. Since China's opening to the outside world, the enterprises began to build ships for civil-use in the global market. Without the brilliance of high-tech, the shipbuilding is almost absent in the national industrial policy, although it employs thousands of workers and breed a large number of suppliers around. Along with rapid change of globalization, the lack of the supports from the local subsidiary industries becomes the bottleneck of the development...

China is now the third largest shipbuilding country in the world. Since China's opening to the outside world, the enterprises began to build ships for civil-use in the global market. Without the brilliance of high-tech, the shipbuilding is almost absent in the national industrial policy, although it employs thousands of workers and breed a large number of suppliers around. Along with rapid change of globalization, the lack of the supports from the local subsidiary industries becomes the bottleneck of the development of the shipbuilding industry in China. For example, several major state-owned shipbuilding enterprises are located along the Huangpu River in Shanghai, however, fewer and fewer suppliers exist nearby in Shanghai due to the higher and higher land prices in the metropolis. As the case of shipbuilding in Shanghai shows, the local linkages among producers under different authorities should be promoted. Based on the "Diamond Theory" of the competitive advantage of nations, this paper analyses the main bottleneck of China's shipbuilding industry——the weak of its related and supporting industry in the case of Hudong China Shipbuilding Group of Shanghai. The paper suggests the cluster strategy in developing chinese shipbuilding industry, enhancing related and supporting industry is the key.

我国目前是世界上第三大造船国家。改革开放以来 ,造船企业开始为国际市场制造民用船舶。虽然造船工业造就了大量就业机会、造就了大量零部件供应商 ,但是 ,由于它不属于“高技术产业” ,一直没有受到国家产业政策的充分重视。面临全球竞争 ,我国造船业的主要瓶颈在于缺乏本地相关支撑产业的支持。例如 ,沿着上海黄浦江的几个国有造船企业 ,由于上海的土地价格越来越高 ,在上海的供应商越来越少。我国造船工业需要促进本地联系的形成 ,尤其是加强不同所有制企业之间的联系。文章基于国家竞争优势的“钻石”理论 ,以上海沪东中华造船集团为例 ,研究我国造船业的主要瓶颈———相关支撑产业的薄弱 ,并提出用产业群战略发展我国造船业的政策建议 ,其中加强相关支撑产业是关键。

 
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