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南极科学
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  “南极科学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Twenty two aerosol samples were collected during the Sixteenth Chinese Antarctic Research Expedition from Nov. 1999 to Apr. 2000. These samples were analyzed by AAS for 13 chemical elements, i.e. Cu,Pb,Zn,Cd,Fe,Al,Mn,Cr,V,K,Na,Ca and Mg.
     1999年11月至2000年4月,在中国第16次南极科学考察往返航线上的海域,采集了22个海洋气溶胶样品,用原子吸收分光法测定了样品中的Cu、Pb、Zn、Cd、Fe、Al、Mn、Cr、V、K、Na、Ca、Mg等13种元素的含量.
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     Based on iceberg observations by using the marine radar when shipping in the Antarctic Ocean from Dec.2002 to Jan.2003 during the 19th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition,a method to acquire iceberg size and drift velocity from radar imagery is presented and iceberg size and velocity distribution along the investigation route are obtained consequently.
     基于中国第19次南极科学考察从2002年12月至2003年1月在南大洋航行期间利用船舶雷达对航线两侧冰山的观测,给出了从雷达图像中获取冰山尺寸及其运动速度、方向的方法,获得了航线周围冰山的运动速度和尺寸分布.
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     Three shipboard iron enrichment phytoplankton incubations were carried out in the Prydz Bay, Antarctica, from January to March of 2002. Waters for the incubations (Exp. 1, 2 and 3) were collected from 20 m depth in 3 stations (St. Ⅰ 1, Ⅶ 1 and Ⅶ 5), respectively.
     在中国第 1 8次南极科学考察期间 ( 2 0 0 2年 1月至 3月 )于南极普里兹湾进行了 3次铁加富培养浮游植物实验。 共在三个站位 (St.Ⅰ 1 ,Ⅶ 1和Ⅶ 5 )的 2 0m水深处采水进行培养实验(分别标记为实验 1 ,2和 3)。
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     Results and Conclusion Out of 57 strains of the Antarctic bacteria,27 strains were found to produce EPS according to the staining technique.
     结果与结论从南极科学考察采集、分离的57株细菌中,通过胞外多糖染色法筛选获得27株产胞外多糖的菌株,16SrDNA鉴定菌株S-15-13为Pseudoalteromonassp.
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     MANAGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC SAMPLING BASED ON GIS IN ANTARCTICA
     基于GIS的南极科学考察采样可视化管理
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  相似匹配句对
     Antarctic
     南极
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     SCIENCE
     科学
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     GENERAL ACCOUNT OF CHINESE SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS IN THE ANTARCTIC
     中国南极科学考察概况
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     Atmosphere Scientific Expedition and Research in Antarctic
     南极大气科学考察与研究
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     scientific exploration;
     科学探究;
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  the antarctic science
This research was supported by grants from the Antarctic Science Advisory Committee and Australian Research Council.
      
The study was supported in part by grants from the Australian Research Council and the Antarctic Science Advisory Committee.
      


The snow and ice masses existing in the Antarctic Regions are the object of Antarctic glaciological research. The snuw and ice and its variations have a strong impact on water distrbution and ciecle on the earth and changes of global climate nad environment; therefore Antarctic glaciology is not only on the for -ward position of Antarctic science, but plays an important role in the global change research.

南极地区自然界现存的冰雪体,是南极冰川学研究的对象。南极冰雪体及其变化对全球水体的分布和循环以及气候、环境演变具有十分重要的影响,因而使南极冰川学研究不仅在南极科学中处于主要地位,而且在全球变化研究中举足轻重。 南极冰盖巨厚的冰雪内保留有数十万年乃至上百万年地球环境和气候变化的详细记录,冰芯综合研究受到高度重视。目前,南极冰川学正在向大尺度宏观方向和冰体内部微观方向两个方面迅速发展,涉及的学科更加广泛。其热点为:1、冰盖的物质和动态平衡——海平面和气候变化;2、冰芯综合研究。 中国南极研究起步较晚,南极热的兴起仅是最近十年的事情,总体水平与国际先进水平相比存在较大差距。为此,笔者提下列几点建议:1、南极冰川学是一门国际性很强的学科,其研究工作只能从横向与各国同行相比,要求研究内容具有国际水平;2、为接近和达到国际水平,需要培养一批年富力强、德才兼备的南极冰川学科研骨干队伍;3、抓紧建设南极冰川学实验室的建设;4、切实加强国内各部门、各学科之间的联系和合作。

This paper is designed to introduce and discuss the chinese development and achievements in Antarctic scientific ■.Meanwhile,based on the authors' own experience in participation in the fifth Chinese Antarctic expedition and the trend of the main countries which pay close attention to Antarctic resources,energy sources and environment,it points out some noteworthy problems in Chinese Antarctic research.

本文简要介绍了我国南极科学考察事业的发展,并结合作者亲自参加第五次南极考察的体会和各主要国家对南极资源、能源和环境关注的动态提出了我国今后在南极研究中一些值得注意的问题.

The exploitation of Antarctic information is a meaningful research work. Since an environment supported by networks and open systems are prerequisite for the sharing of information resources, the powerful modern information technology is the only way which we can rely on to ensure the prompt communications among people, organizations and nations. This thesis surveyed the present and future of Antarctic research from the view of soft science and system science, using modern information technique, focusing...

The exploitation of Antarctic information is a meaningful research work. Since an environment supported by networks and open systems are prerequisite for the sharing of information resources, the powerful modern information technology is the only way which we can rely on to ensure the prompt communications among people, organizations and nations. This thesis surveyed the present and future of Antarctic research from the view of soft science and system science, using modern information technique, focusing on both the support to the former provided by the latter and the importance of omnibearing prospect with regards to grand science. A special field most relying on international cooperation , current Antarctic research will surely make use of modern information techniques systematicly to support it in taking part in the research of many large-scale issues concerning the world, while it works on the subjects of developing the scientific characteristics and global influence of Antarctica. At present, data bases on many subjects have been established and it has become an urgent problem which need to be solved that how to share efficiently the data in them to ensure the prompt international information transfer and exchange, and to promote the worldwide work to a more systemized extent with networking and operation under related international stardards. It is the requirement and tendency for developing the whole research work on Antarctica to exploit available information resources more in quantity, speed and quality and to set up an open environment that is synchronous with the development of international Antarctic research. The task of soft sciene in Antarctic research is to solve the problem of the coordination among components of a system. It should be developed with large-scale rime and space scopes such as development of science, social effect, tendency of development and plans for long-period opoeration of large system and so on, in order to probe the flexible combination of various aspects under a general principle. It needs not only interdisciplinary coordination but also the flexible combination of scientific research and management. Information processing depends on not large quantity but value of the information. The information exchange engages in not only simple data and bibliography exchange but also prompt sharing of information to make best choices. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a realistic information system which can quickly reflect the most recent dynamics in Antarctic research in order to react rapidly to the general trends concerning Antarctica in world science to adapt to the situation in various periods. Development of Antarctic information system is bound to the consideration of the utilization of information from other systems as well as offering others its own information. To establish a computerized Antarctic information system is a step necessary to implement scientific management and decision-making, to improve the ablity on Antarctic research and operations; it is essential for joining international Antarctic information networks; also it is an important step deepen modern Antarctic research. It need continuous effortswhich develop dynamically with optimization to implement this comprehensive system engineering project.

现代南极研究需要现代信息技术的支持。开发利用信息资源 ,强化信息导向的作用 ,是南极领域自身建设的科学思想基础。本文以现代信息技术为经 ,以现代南极研究为纬 ,从软科学和系统科学的角度 ,宏观地俯瞰了南极研究的现在与未来 ,从不同侧面阐述了信息技术对南极研究的支持作用 ,强调了全方位、大科学化的重要性。南极研究作为最能体现国际合作的特殊领域 ,在开拓南极的科学独特性和南极的全球作用两大核心课题时 ,势必从各个层次上系统地应用现代信息技术 ,为参与全球计划的各大尺度问题的研究提供必要的支持。在我国的南极事业中 ,如何造就一个与国际南极研究同步的开放环境 ,加速信息资源的开发利用并能以有效、系统、经济、合理的方式进行 ,是时代赋予的机会 ,也是面临的新挑战 ,更是发展的必然。建立计算机化的南极信息系统是实现决策和管理科学化 ;增强南极活动中的运营能力 ;提高科研水平、加快科研进程的必要途径 ,是加入国际南极信息网络的前提与基础 ,也是全面促进和积极推动现代南极研究深入发展的重要环节。这项综合性的社会技术系统工程的实现 ,需要一个不断深化完善和动态发展的持续过程。

 
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