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   输尿管囊肿 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.027秒
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输尿管囊肿     
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  ureterocele
Ectopic ureterocele is a malformation, principally encountered in infants and children.
      
In all cases the ultrasound studies outlined the ectopic ureterocele within the fluid-filled bladder and in one case added additional information regarding the non-functional portion of the duplication and its ureter.
      
The diagnosis of "ectopic ureterocele" is based on indirect evidence.
      
A huge ureterocele may have a small ureter, and massive reflux into a lower pole ureter may make the diagnosis of duplication difficult.
      
Ureterocele "lookalikes", and effacement or intussusception of the ureterocele are cystographic pitfalls.
      
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  ureteral cyst
Quadruplication of the ureter in combination with a large ureteral cyst
      
A newborn female was found to have a quadruplication of the ureter: four proximal, slim ureters opened into a large ureteral cyst and a distal monoureter opened into the bladder.
      


Intravesieal ureterocele refers to cystic dilatation of the lower end of the ureter,situated completely within the bladder.Clinically this condition is relatively rare.Five cases of intravesical ureterocele with typical radiological appearances and laterconfirmed by operation were reported.Its pathogenic mechanism,classification andclinical manifestation were discussed with review of the literature,and emphasison radiological appearances and differential diagnosis.

本文报告5例膀胱内输尿管囊肿,其 X 线表现典型,并经手术证实。作者结合文献讨论了本病的发病机制、分类和临床表现,着重讨论了本病的 X 线诊断和鉴别诊断问题。

Ureteroceles is uncommon. Ones had been often overlooked and the correct diagnosis had not been established. This is a report of 12 cases of ureteroceles. According to our cases with literatures reviewed, the clinical features, the diagnosis and the treatment were discused. The causes of mistake diagnosis is analysed, the importance of diagnosis in time is emphasized by selecting ureteroceles in cases of the urinary tract infection.

输尿管囊肿较少见,常被误诊而延误治疗。作者近年来收治12例。本文着重讨论了输尿管囊肿的临床特点及诊断、治疗要点,分析了常见误诊原因,强调在尿路感染病例中应注意本病的筛选,及时作出诊断的重要意义。

Four cases of adult ureterocele were reported. The commonly encountered picture were vesical stimulating symptom,dysuria and pyo-hematuria. Cystoscopy and x-ray check-up were the points for diagnosis. Its incidence of upper urinary tract stone was 39.2%. Transurethral operation was indicated for small cyst, but open surgery is necessary for large cyst in order to prevent bladder-ureter reflux.

本文报告4例成人输尿管囊肿合并囊内结石,主要症状有膀胱刺激征、排尿困难、脓血尿,均结合膀胱镜和X线检查明确诊断。本病合并上尿路结石的发生率高达39.2%。较小囊肿可经尿道途径切开囊肿,较大囊肿仍以采用开放手术为宜。

 
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