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输尿管囊肿
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Ultrasonographic diagnosis of ureteric diseases in 406 children was reviewed including 69 cases of ureterocele, 48 cases of ectopic ureteric orifice, 7 cases of ureter duplication, 26 ureterolith, 142 ureteropelvic junction stenosis, 34 megaureter and 80 cases of ureterectasis. Open surgery has been undertake in 404.The accurate diagnosis rate was significantly higher with ultrasonography(92. 1%)as compared with IVU(63.5%). Ureteric diseases in children were mainly congenital malformation,surgical management...

Ultrasonographic diagnosis of ureteric diseases in 406 children was reviewed including 69 cases of ureterocele, 48 cases of ectopic ureteric orifice, 7 cases of ureter duplication, 26 ureterolith, 142 ureteropelvic junction stenosis, 34 megaureter and 80 cases of ureterectasis. Open surgery has been undertake in 404.The accurate diagnosis rate was significantly higher with ultrasonography(92. 1%)as compared with IVU(63.5%). Ureteric diseases in children were mainly congenital malformation,surgical management being usually required.Ultrasonic survey could usually provide a sound basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment.

采用经腹壁超声方法,对406例输尿管疾病检查诊断,其中肾盂输尿管囊肿69例、异位开口48例、双输尿管畸形7例、结石26例、肾盂输尿管连接处狭窄142例、输尿管扩张和巨输尿管症114例。小儿输尿管疾病以先天性畸形为主,多需手术治疗。超声诊断能为治疗提供确切依据,符合率较高,该法简便、重复性强、刺激性小,非常适宜小儿检查。

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of 3D ultrasound and CDFI for ureter cystMethods:The stereoscopic view and sprung urine of ureter cyst were studied using 3D ultrasound and CDFI in 10 cases of ureter cystResults:3D ultrasound provided a clear stereoscopic view of the ureter cystCDFI showed that urine sprung from ureter cyst to bladder,the urine beam appears thin and light orange colorHowever,from ureter to bladder,the urine beam appears thick and dark red.Conclusion:3D ultrasound and CDFI improve...

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of 3D ultrasound and CDFI for ureter cystMethods:The stereoscopic view and sprung urine of ureter cyst were studied using 3D ultrasound and CDFI in 10 cases of ureter cystResults:3D ultrasound provided a clear stereoscopic view of the ureter cystCDFI showed that urine sprung from ureter cyst to bladder,the urine beam appears thin and light orange colorHowever,from ureter to bladder,the urine beam appears thick and dark red.Conclusion:3D ultrasound and CDFI improve the diagnostic accuracy of ureter cyst and provide reliable information for the ureter cyst diagnosis

目的 :评估三维超声、彩色多普勒超声对输尿管囊肿的应用价值。方法 :用三维、彩色多普勒血流观察了 10例输尿管囊肿的立体形态及喷尿情况。结果 :三维超声立体感强 ,形态逼真 ,定位准确。彩色多普勒显像示喷尿的尿流束由囊肿内向膀胱喷射时较为明显 ,表现为细而色艳的彩色流束 ,而由输尿管向囊肿内喷射时流束则呈粗而色暗。结论 :三维超声和彩色多普勒超声能提高诊断输尿管囊肿的准确率 ,为临床提供更准确的诊疗信息

Objective:To explore the X ray and ultrasound diagnostic value of the ureter cyst.Methods:The intravenous pyelogram(IVP) and ultrasonic data of 23 cases of ureter cyst were analysed trtrospectively.Among these patients,11 male,12 female,age ranged 2 months to 43 years,mean age 20.6 years.All of 23 cases performed with IVP and B ultrasound examination,cystography 2 cases,Color Doppler ultrasonography 1 case,CT 1 case. Results:All patients were proved by operative pathology.The left ureter cyst 9 cases,right...

Objective:To explore the X ray and ultrasound diagnostic value of the ureter cyst.Methods:The intravenous pyelogram(IVP) and ultrasonic data of 23 cases of ureter cyst were analysed trtrospectively.Among these patients,11 male,12 female,age ranged 2 months to 43 years,mean age 20.6 years.All of 23 cases performed with IVP and B ultrasound examination,cystography 2 cases,Color Doppler ultrasonography 1 case,CT 1 case. Results:All patients were proved by operative pathology.The left ureter cyst 9 cases,right ureter cyst 7 cases,bilateral 7 cases.The IVP demonstrated intra urinary bladder filling defect 11 case,"cobra head sign"10 cases,the accuracy rate was 91.3%(21/23).The Btype ultrasonic features were round ilke echo free area in 23 cases,the shape changed by urination,the correct rate was 100%(23/23).Conclusion:The availibility was high of IVP combined with ultrasonic diagnosis of ureter cyst,the two methods complementary,the correct diagnosis can be made.

目的 :探讨X线与超声对输尿管囊肿的诊断价值。方法 :回顾性分析了 2 3例输尿管囊肿的静脉肾盂造影(IVP)及超声检查资料 ,其中男性 11例 ,女性 12例 ;年龄 2个月~ 43岁 ,平均年龄 2 0 .6岁。 2 3例均行静脉肾盂造影、B超检查 ,2例行膀胱造影 ,1例行彩色多普勒超声检查 ,1例CT检查。结果 :全部病例均经手术病理证实。左侧 9例 ,右侧 7例 ,双侧 7例。静脉肾盂造影显示膀胱内边界清晰的充盈缺损 16例 ,5例呈“眼镜蛇头”征 ,诊断正确率为 91.3% (2 1/ 2 3)。B超显示囊肿呈类圆形无回声暗区 2 3例 ,形态可随排尿而改变 ,诊断正确率为 10 0 % (2 3/ 2 3)。结论 :静脉肾盂造影结合超声检查诊断输尿管囊肿可靠性高 ,二者相互弥补 ,可对此病作出正确诊断。

 
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