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被动投资
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  passive investment
     In essence, the indexing investment is a passive investment strategy, and corresponding to the positive investment which is through active research and analysis (including technical analysis and fundamental analysis) to achieve excess return of stock market.
     从本质上讲,指数化投资是一种被动投资(passive investment)策略,而与之相对应的积极投资(active investment),则是通过积极的研究和分析(包括技术分析和基本分析)来选股和择时以获得市场超额收益的一种投资模式。
短句来源
     (2)The comprehensive achievement of the fund is not superior to the passive investment tactics ;
     (2)基金的综合业绩并不优于被动投资策略;
短句来源
     This paper explores the efficiency of passive investment strategy and weak market efficiency in China A shares markets with our programming trading strategies . The empirical results denied both of them under the maximum loss risk measurement.
     本文通过程序化交易策略设计探索被动投资策略的有效性、信息传递的弱式有效性,在最大预期损失这一风险度量下,实证分析结果初步否定了我国A股市场被动投资策略的有效性和信息传递的弱式有效性。
短句来源
  passive investments
     Based on the strong corporate governance, the management of state-owned Assets should use the asset management of institutional investors as references and take more passive investments that the two kinds of asset management have the same characteristics of multiple principal-agent mechanism.
     国有资产与机构投资者有着同样的多重委托代理特征,应借鉴机构投资者的资产管理和国际国有资产管理的成功经验,在完善国有企业法人治理的基础上,国有资产管理应该更多地采取被动投资
短句来源
  passive invest
     As institutional investors hold large-scale capital with agency cost and some restriction of the law system, traditionally they only take passive invest and do not make direct effects on corporate management.
     机构投资者虽然也拥有资金规模大的特点,但其资金是有代理成本的,另外受政策法规的限制,传统上机构投资者也不直接参与公司治理,只进行被动投资
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  “被动投资”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Thus, the portfolio of indexation fund should be guided by passive in stead of active investment.
     因此,指数型基金投资组合的构建应坚持被动投资,力避主动投资。
短句来源
     As small investors hold small scale of capital, generally they do not take active invest and make direct effects on the corporate management.
     散户投资者通常资金规模较小,一般进行被动投资,不直接参与上市公司治理。
短句来源
     On the other hand,passive investing allows investors to purchase distressed debt as an undervalued security or to diversify portfolio risk.
     在被动投资策略中,投资者主要通过发掘被低估的问题债务进行投资和持有问题债务分散投资风险。
短句来源

 

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      passive investment
    They turned shareholding into a passive investment on the same premise.
          
    A fund offers full time professional management of its portfolio investments, creating a truly passive investment.
          
    Any passive investment tracking these indices turns into an active strategy characterised by market timing and state-dependent performance.
          
    As a result of the popularity of passive investment strategies, there has been a strong increase in the demand for such exclusive indices.
          
    Investors who want a passive investment do not bid on the management right and are compensated.
          
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      passive investments
    Eventually, relief rolls around for investors with disallowed losses from passive investments.
          
    The results presented above show that exclusive indices are to a large extent at odds with the definition of passive investments.
          


    The indexation fund is a fund that adopts its portfolio based on certain index, which is closely related with target index. The major elements of the indexation fund include the target index, sample securities and weight allocation , aiming to minimize the track error with the target index. The liquidity, noise and dispose effect can impact the track error of indexation fund. However, the track error in a more effective market is smaller than that in a newly industrial market. This is mainly due to the larger...

    The indexation fund is a fund that adopts its portfolio based on certain index, which is closely related with target index. The major elements of the indexation fund include the target index, sample securities and weight allocation , aiming to minimize the track error with the target index. The liquidity, noise and dispose effect can impact the track error of indexation fund. However, the track error in a more effective market is smaller than that in a newly industrial market. This is mainly due to the larger option room of stocks for the index and the liquidity in an effective market. In China s new and transitional market, the track error of indexation funds can be substantially different according to the stock number of the target index, the track error increases as the stock number augments. The track error of copy fund in complete copy strategy is smaller than that of reinforced fund in incomplete copy strategy. Big sum of purchase and redemption has obvious impact on the track error. Thus, the portfolio of indexation fund should be guided by passive in stead of active investment.

    指数型基金是指采用指数化方式构建投资组合的基金,它与标的指数的选择密切相关。指数基金的构建有三大要素:标的指数、样本证券、权重分配,其目的是与标的指数之间的跟踪误差尽量小。虽然流动性、噪音、处置效应等均会影响指数基金的跟踪误差,但是,在一个较高有效性的市场中,指数型基金与标的指数间的跟踪误差要比新兴市场的小,这主要是因为该市场的流动性较好,成份股的选择有较大的余地。而在中国这样一个“新兴+转轨”市场中,指数基金往往会因为标的指数成份股数量不同而产生很大的差异,标的指数成份股越多,相对应指数基金的跟踪误差就越大;复制型基金完全复制策略下的跟踪误差要比增强型指数基金非完全复制策略下的跟踪误差要小;大额申购与赎回对指数基金跟踪误差产生明显影响。因此,指数型基金投资组合的构建应坚持被动投资,力避主动投资。

    The investors in the stock market can be divided into small investors, big investors(block shareholder) and institutional investors, which consist of the ownership structure of public companies. The different characteristics of investors make direct effects on the corporate management. As small investors hold small scale of capital, generally they do not take active invest and make direct effects on the corporate management. The management of the public companies of which the ownership structure consists of...

    The investors in the stock market can be divided into small investors, big investors(block shareholder) and institutional investors, which consist of the ownership structure of public companies. The different characteristics of investors make direct effects on the corporate management. As small investors hold small scale of capital, generally they do not take active invest and make direct effects on the corporate management. The management of the public companies of which the ownership structure consists of mainly small investors is the pattern of “arm’s length”, relying on the law system and the trade mechanism of the stock market basically, with no private benefits of control but large managerial entrenchment probability. The big investors hold control stake in the company with their large-scale capital pay no agency cost. The corporate management with big investors generally takes the pattern of “control-oriented”, with small large managerial entrenchment probability but high private benefits of control possibility. As institutional investors hold large-scale capital with agency cost and some restriction of the law system, traditionally they only take passive invest and do not make direct effects on corporate management. With the reasons such as the growing proportion of the shares they hold and the investing characteristics they want to maintain, institutional investors begun to make direct effects on corporate management since 1990s with mail method of shareholder activism such as voting proxy and negotiation with managers of public companies, etc.

    股票市场的投资者大致可以分为三类:散户、大户(控股股东)和机构投资者。这些投资者也构成了上市公司的股权结构。由于不同类型投资者的特征不同,直接影响了上市公司的治理方式。散户投资者通常资金规模较小,一般进行被动投资,不直接参与上市公司治理。上市公司治理主要依靠法律法规体系,股票市场交易机制。以散户股东为主构成的上市公司的治理模式形成了“保持距离型”公司治理模式,其特点是没有大股东侵占公司利益,但容易造成“内部人控制”。大户投资者所拥有的资金规模较大,且是自有资金,所以没有资金的代理成本,他们在上市公司中通常拥有一定的控股地位。存在大户投资者股东的上市公司,由于大户投资者会对经理人进行有效的监管,不容易有“内部人控制”现象,但大股东为追求“私有利益”,往往有着对小股东的侵权行为。机构投资者虽然也拥有资金规模大的特点,但其资金是有代理成本的,另外受政策法规的限制,传统上机构投资者也不直接参与公司治理,只进行被动投资。但自20世纪90年代以来,受机构投资者持股比例不断上升及维持投资者风格等原因的影响,机构投资者开始逐渐直接参与公司治理,其方法主要是积极主义投资,如投票动议和与上市公司经理人谈判...

    股票市场的投资者大致可以分为三类:散户、大户(控股股东)和机构投资者。这些投资者也构成了上市公司的股权结构。由于不同类型投资者的特征不同,直接影响了上市公司的治理方式。散户投资者通常资金规模较小,一般进行被动投资,不直接参与上市公司治理。上市公司治理主要依靠法律法规体系,股票市场交易机制。以散户股东为主构成的上市公司的治理模式形成了“保持距离型”公司治理模式,其特点是没有大股东侵占公司利益,但容易造成“内部人控制”。大户投资者所拥有的资金规模较大,且是自有资金,所以没有资金的代理成本,他们在上市公司中通常拥有一定的控股地位。存在大户投资者股东的上市公司,由于大户投资者会对经理人进行有效的监管,不容易有“内部人控制”现象,但大股东为追求“私有利益”,往往有着对小股东的侵权行为。机构投资者虽然也拥有资金规模大的特点,但其资金是有代理成本的,另外受政策法规的限制,传统上机构投资者也不直接参与公司治理,只进行被动投资。但自20世纪90年代以来,受机构投资者持股比例不断上升及维持投资者风格等原因的影响,机构投资者开始逐渐直接参与公司治理,其方法主要是积极主义投资,如投票动议和与上市公司经理人谈判等。

    Based on the strong corporate governance, the management of state-owned Assets should use the asset management of institutional investors as references and take more passive investments that the two kinds of asset management have the same characteristics of multiple principal-agent mechanism. This article studied these characteristics and presented some reformation propositions for China's state-owned assets.

    国有资产与机构投资者有着同样的多重委托代理特征,应借鉴机构投资者的资产管理和国际国有资产管理的成功经验,在完善国有企业法人治理的基础上,国有资产管理应该更多地采取被动投资。文章提出了关于完善我国国有资产管理体制的一些政策建议。

     
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