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欧洲医院
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  european hospitals
     RESEARCH ON THE FLEXIBILITY OF HOSPITAL DESIGNING——From the development of European Hospitals
     从欧洲医院的发展看医院设计的灵活性
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  “欧洲医院”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Lessons and experiences from hospital reform in Europe
     欧洲医院体制改革经验分析与借鉴
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     From the 16th century, hospitals of Europe were spread gradually into North America.
     1 6世纪起 ,欧洲医院逐渐传入北美。
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  相似匹配句对
     EUROPE
     欧洲
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     RESEARCH ON THE FLEXIBILITY OF HOSPITAL DESIGNING——From the development of European Hospitals
     从欧洲医院的发展看医院设计的灵活性
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     Huawei in Europe
     华为在欧洲
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     South Shore Hospital
     南岸医院
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     Lessons and experiences from hospital reform in Europe
     欧洲医院体制改革经验分析与借鉴
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  hospital in europe
The focus of this book is on the hospital in Europe, both western and eastern Europe.
      
  european hospitals
Year 2000: status of picture archiving and digital imaging in European hospitals
      
A new electrical conductivity-measuring device, previously evaluated on the porcine model to detect the pedicle violation, was evaluated amongst nine European Hospitals to be used in conjunction with the methods currently used in that centre.
      
hospitals and recently detected in several European hospitals and, subsequently, in German hospitals as well.
      
Whereas computed tomography (CT) seems to be the major noninvasive diagnostic tool for evaluation of abdominal trauma in the United States, sonography is the modality of first choice in the majority of European hospitals.
      
New legislation, increased exchanges with European hospitals, and improved and loyal cooperation between universities and the NHS will certainly improve the situation in coming years.
      
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Through visiting the five representative hospitals Belgium and Holland , and exchanging experience and discussing the development about hospitals in Europe with local architects, author present the prooblems of the hospital's designing flexibility. On the basisof all mentioned above , this paper provides some useful and referential comments.

笔者根据对比利时、荷兰五所具有代表性医院的实地参观考察,与当地建筑师进行交流讨论之后,就欧洲医院的发展以及在医院建筑设计中所考虑的灵活性问题提出了可供参考的论述。

Origin and development of hospital in the West was related closely with religions and wars. Before the Medieval Ages, priests or physicians treated their patients mainly in temples, which may be regarded as the earliest type of hospital. The military hospital first appeared in the ancient Rome due to war. During the Medieval Ages, most hospitals were attached to monasteries. The Crusades prompted the development of hospitals and hospices along the route taken by the Crusaders. After the Medieval Ages, as the...

Origin and development of hospital in the West was related closely with religions and wars. Before the Medieval Ages, priests or physicians treated their patients mainly in temples, which may be regarded as the earliest type of hospital. The military hospital first appeared in the ancient Rome due to war. During the Medieval Ages, most hospitals were attached to monasteries. The Crusades prompted the development of hospitals and hospices along the route taken by the Crusaders. After the Medieval Ages, as the Protestantism rose, the monastic hospitals suffered a major setback and secular hospitals developed. From the 16th century, hospitals of Europe were spread gradually into North America. During the 18th and 19th centuries, function of hospital in medical treatment, education and research was strengthened gradually. In the 20th century, hospital facilities were matured technically and management of hospital became an important problem to which people devoted themselves to resolve it.

西方医院的起源与发展与宗教关系甚为密切 ,战争也对其产生过重要影响。中世纪以前的医院主要以庙宇形式存在 ,古罗马的战争使最早的军医院诞生。中世纪主要是修道院医院的天下 ,十字军东征促进了沿途医院的发展。中世纪以后 ,新教兴起 ,修道院医院受到冲击 ,世俗医院得到发展。 1 6世纪起 ,欧洲医院逐渐传入北美。 1 8、1 9世纪以后 ,医院的功能渐趋完善。进入 2 0世纪 ,医院的技术建设基本成熟 ,医院管理问题渐渐突出并得到重视。

The paper introduces the hospital reform in UK, France, German and Spain and some commens coming from WHO. The experts of WHO believe that the effect of privativilation in healthcare is limited in cost controlling and it would result in more iniquity. Moreover, the privatization process is very difficulty.

介绍欧洲医院改革进程;包括英国、法国、德国、西班牙等国家的医院治理结构。同时介绍了世界卫生组织对卫生服务私有化的观点,指出私有化的作用是有限的,因为其并不能降低费用,会出现不公平的现象,并且私有化的过程也是困难的。

 
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