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童年
相关语句
  childhood
     Results:Three main risk factors of obsessive-compulsive disorder remained in the final conditional logistic regression model. They were the childhood wounding experience (OR=2.001,95% CI=1.696 to 3.005), the unsuitable foster formula (OR=1.024,95% CI=1.005 to 1.044), the terrible life event(OR=0.962,95% CI=0.934 to 0.992).
     结果:有3个因素作为强迫症的重要危险因素保留在最后方程中,分别为童年创伤性经历(OR=2.001,95%CI=1.696~3.005),不当的养育方式(OR=1.024,95%CI=1.005~1.044),负性生活事件(OR=0.962,95%CI=0.934~0.992)。
短句来源
     The form of the consciousness are connected with her childhood experience and lonely stories.
     而这种日常生活意识的形成与她的童年经验、孤独体验不无关系。
短句来源
     Memory, Childhood and Impression——The Conceptual Plan of the Children Park in the Newly Developed Area for Government and Culture in Hefei
     MEMORY·童年·印象——合肥市政务文化新区儿童公园概念性方案
短句来源
     Embroidery, a Mascot in Childhood
     甘肃民间四绝 刺绣:人类童年时代吉祥物
短句来源
     QOL of survivors with childhood cancer is low.
     童年癌症幸存者的生活质量相对较低。
短句来源
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  childhood bereavement
     A comparative study of personalities and clinical features between depressive patients with and without childhood bereavement
     童年丧亲对抑郁症患者个性及临床特征的影响
短句来源
     Objective:To compare the personalities and clinical features between depressive patients with and without childhood bereavement.
     目的 :了解童年丧亲的抑郁症患者个性和临床方面特征。
短句来源
     Method:Fifty-two depressive patients with childhood bereavement (group A) and 144 counterparts without it (group B) were assessed with Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) and a self-made questionnaire.
     方法 :采用艾森克个性问卷测评 5 2例童年丧亲的抑郁症患者 (A组 )及 144例早年父母双全的抑郁症患者 (B组 )进行对照研究。
短句来源
     Objective To compare the personalities and clinical features between depressive patients with and without childhood bereavement.
     目的了解童年丧亲对抑郁症患者个性和临床方面特征。
短句来源
     Methods Fifty-six depressive patients with childhood bereavement (group A) and 150 counterparts without it (group B) were assessed with eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) and a self-made questionnaire.
     方法采用艾森克个性问卷测评 5 6例童年丧亲抑郁症患者 (A组 )及 15 0例童年父母双全的抑郁症患者 (B组 )进行对照研究。
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  “童年”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Method: 52 patients with nuclear neurosis were evaluated by SCL-90, Shame Scale, and Children Trauma Questionnaire.
     方法:52名核心神经症病人填写90项症状自评量表(SCL-90)、羞耻量表(Shame Scale)和童年创伤经历量表(CTQ)。
短句来源
     The spirit of playing no t only is produced by children's life but also makes children's life perfectly and freely.
     然而,游戏精神又不仅仅是童年生活与发展的产物,它也在以一种完整与和谐、自由与创造的精神倾向,赋予儿童生命与成长以完整与和谐、自由与创造。
短句来源
     Mythology originates from the infancy of mankind.
     神话起源于人类的童年,是人类童年天真烂漫的幻想。
短句来源
     That is we should strengthen the sex education of youngest and take advantage of the media to develop a kind of healthy sex culture in the society.
     即应加强童年、青少年的性教育,充分利用传媒优势在全社会形成一种健康的性文化。
短句来源
     It has latent influence on such important aspects of artistic creation as selection of artistic materials,motive of artistic creation and construction of artistic personality.
     艺术家在艺术题材的选择、艺术创作的动因及创作个性的建构等方面都受到童年经验潜在的规范和制约。
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  childhood
Neural crest tumors of childhood are particularly resistant to apoptosis induction by chemotherapeutic agents.
      
The aim of this stage of the study was to estimate the contribution of genotypic and environmental factors to the formation of individual differences in childhood temperament of the second half-year of life.
      
Experimental physiological, psychological, and hygienic longitudinal studies were carried out with children who began systematic developing education in the first childhood period (from 4 years) at preschool educational institutions.
      
Artificial Feeding of Newborns as a Risk Factor for Renal Disease in Childhood
      
Differences in vulnerability between the hemispheres in early childhood and adulthood
      
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  childhood bereavement
Childhood bereavement before the age of 11 years was observed in 46% of cases.
      
Childhood bereavement as well as parent-sibling conflicts were more frequently observed in the aggressive group.
      
Parent loss and childhood bereavement: some theoretical considerations
      
Childhood bereavement may, but does not necessarily, take on pathological forms.
      


CA has been extensively researched and found to affect about 20 percent of America's school population to the extent that those affected are being called handicapped and treated as learning-disabled in many places. The exploratory research reported here indicates similar incidence in a small group sample of Chinese college students. Further research in the People's Republic of China seems important since CA has been found to cause a negative impact on learning.Numerous methods to reduce CA have been tested in...

CA has been extensively researched and found to affect about 20 percent of America's school population to the extent that those affected are being called handicapped and treated as learning-disabled in many places. The exploratory research reported here indicates similar incidence in a small group sample of Chinese college students. Further research in the People's Republic of China seems important since CA has been found to cause a negative impact on learning.Numerous methods to reduce CA have been tested in America, and several are being utilized at the college level. Should the CA level be as high in the . People's Republic of China as the research suggests, those methods may prove valuable in reducing CA among Chinese as well.

本文讨论交际畏怯心理(Communication Apprehension,以下简称CA)在教育上的效果,兼谈作者对一部分中国大学生进行CA调查的结果。CA是指在实际或预期与人进行交际时感到的紧张害怕心情。CA的表现方式很多,只有少数几种,如说、写、唱的CA,有人对之进行过仔细的研究。本文主要谈口语交际中的CA。具有高度CA的人,几乎在一切说话场合,不论人多人少,都感到害怕或紧张,他们总是极力避免说话,不得不说话时,总是表现出羞怯紧张,缺乏自信,言不尽意。这种人拙于交际,难以给人良好印象,因而在经济、政洽、社交、学业各方面都受到不利影响。在学校里,在教师和同学心目中,他们显得缺乏信心和主张,怕冒风险,遇事随大溜,沉默寡言,难以了解,冷漠不易亲近;在社交上和对于异性吸引力较小;交际、办事和自持的能力也不如其他学生。教师一般认为这种学生的总的学业成绩、对人关系以及学习前途各方面都不如人。他们在大学里的总平均分数、小班学习分数、统一测验成绩等都低于别人,尽管他们中有许多人智力水平很高。CA的成因尚未完全探明。CA与遗传无关,是个人后得的特点,通常养成于童年初期。幼时说话受不到正面鼓励,或竟受到责罚,往往...

本文讨论交际畏怯心理(Communication Apprehension,以下简称CA)在教育上的效果,兼谈作者对一部分中国大学生进行CA调查的结果。CA是指在实际或预期与人进行交际时感到的紧张害怕心情。CA的表现方式很多,只有少数几种,如说、写、唱的CA,有人对之进行过仔细的研究。本文主要谈口语交际中的CA。具有高度CA的人,几乎在一切说话场合,不论人多人少,都感到害怕或紧张,他们总是极力避免说话,不得不说话时,总是表现出羞怯紧张,缺乏自信,言不尽意。这种人拙于交际,难以给人良好印象,因而在经济、政洽、社交、学业各方面都受到不利影响。在学校里,在教师和同学心目中,他们显得缺乏信心和主张,怕冒风险,遇事随大溜,沉默寡言,难以了解,冷漠不易亲近;在社交上和对于异性吸引力较小;交际、办事和自持的能力也不如其他学生。教师一般认为这种学生的总的学业成绩、对人关系以及学习前途各方面都不如人。他们在大学里的总平均分数、小班学习分数、统一测验成绩等都低于别人,尽管他们中有许多人智力水平很高。CA的成因尚未完全探明。CA与遗传无关,是个人后得的特点,通常养成于童年初期。幼时说话受不到正面鼓励,或竟受到责罚,往往造成CA。身体受外伤有时也导致CA。CA通常都是在学前期形成,偶尔也有出现于入学之后。教师和同学的态度也有影响,可以增强,也可以减弱CA,但这种变化十分缓慢,一般不易觉察。CA的存在情况,在美国进行过较多的研究,其他国家的情况研究不多。本文作者采取在美国用过的个人填报的方式,对一部分中国大学生进行了选样调查,结果表明这种心理在中国学生中也是存在的。所用办法是让276名北京外国语学院的学生填写调查表,调查表共有20个项目,都是关于与人进行言语交际时的个人感受(如“我不怕面对听众”,“我乐于在会上发表意见”,“我参加小组讨论时心里感到紧张”之类),答案对所陈述的情况表示肯定或否定,分为:1.同意,2.很同意,3.说不好,4.不同意,5.很不同意。要求调查对象据实填写,然后即据此数字定分。中国学生的调查结果,经分析后又与美国夏威夷大学的397名学生使用同法的调查结果作了比较,发现这两部分学生的CA总平均分数相差颇大,受调查的中国学生为61.21,夏威夷大学学生为63.34。中国学生的CA与美国全国标准数60.45相差无几。CA分数在61—70之间者定为中等,71—80之间为高度,80以上为严重。受调查的中国学生CA高度的占16.3%,严重的占3.1%,二者合计为19.4%。这样的学生,在美国就要被认为在言语上有缺陷。上述研究结果,只是初步探讨性质,因为这是跨文化的比较,也牵涉到认识和方法上的困难,调查人数有限,代表性也不足。但是这个选样调查可以表明CA在一般中国大学生中是存在的,因而值得作进一步的研究。鉴于CA有种种不利后果,有必要寻求减轻之道。美国交际问题学者试验过各种方法。本文简要介绍了三种方法,都已实际应用于美国学校,并被认为效果很好。一种叫系统除敏法,是让学生在实验室内做一套放松和消除神经紧张的练习,学生可以看到自己在说话场合中的情状,然后通过放松肌肉的练习来抵消在此情境中的紧张反应。另一种是在修习交际课程的学生中挑选出CA较高的学生,编入人数较少的特别班,对其进行口头应对训练,特别着重针对具体情况的应付方法进行教和练。再一种是夏威夷大学所采用的方法,既做实验室除敏练习,又在说话训练课程中进行减轻CA的特别训练。学生先练二人对谈,再进到小组交谈,最后做当众演说。采取此法训练的结果,学生的CA总是有显著的改变。

The total and soluble proteins were greater in adult than those juvenile tissues, in leaves collected from both adult and juvenile zones of seedling trees. The isozyme number and its activity in adult tissue were also greater than those in juvenile. There was significant positive correlation between the total and soluble proteins in leaves and the branch position. The higher the branch position is, the more the total and soluble proteins in leaves increase. Furthermore, after the scions in juvenile and adult...

The total and soluble proteins were greater in adult than those juvenile tissues, in leaves collected from both adult and juvenile zones of seedling trees. The isozyme number and its activity in adult tissue were also greater than those in juvenile. There was significant positive correlation between the total and soluble proteins in leaves and the branch position. The higher the branch position is, the more the total and soluble proteins in leaves increase. Furthermore, after the scions in juvenile and adult tissues were grafted onto the juvenile and adult zones of their own seedling tree, there were significant differences between the scions in adult and juvenile zones. But the leaf size, internode length, thorn and the isozymograms of peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase in the leaves of adult tissue grafted on the juvenile zone still showed certain characteristics of the adult. From these results the author suggested that the appearance of isozymes and proteins may be due to maturation of the leaf tissue. It may be suggested that a series of changes in the expression of genetic information in the tissues of developmental zone were related to the interactions between the environment and the stored genetic information.

梨实生树个体童区的童年组织的叶片中,总蛋白和可溶性蛋白含量明显低于成年区的成年组织,过氧化物酶和多酚氧化酶的同工酶谱型也不同子成年组织。而当童年枝条高接在该树的童区和成年区后,主要形态性状、两种蛋白质含量及同工酶谱,分别与非高接的童区、成年区组织有相同表现。高接在童区的成年枝条生长受抑,蛋白质含量下降,但叶片、针刺、节间长度以及同工酶谱型仍表现一定的成年特性。蛋白质含量或同工酶谱的变化与梨实生树组织的成熟有关;个体的发育规律与组织所处的环境有关。

Thirty oseification indicators in the band-wrist portion of 1444 healthy abolescents(age: boys 4-22 years, girls 4-21 years) in Nanjng area are clustered and divided into different growth and developmental stages. The conclusion is that the whole growth and development period shuuld be divided into the following four stages:

本文采用南京市1444名健康儿童青少年(男4~22岁,女4~21岁)30项手、腕部骨化指标聚类划分不同的生长发育期。根据计算结果以分成四期较为合理。即: 1) 童年期:男4~10岁,女4~8岁。2) 青春发育初期:男11~14岁,女9~12岁。3) 青春发育中期:男15~17岁,女13~15岁。4) 青春发育后期:男18~22岁,女16~21岁。

 
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