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西北水资源
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  water resources in northwest china
     The Vulnerability of Water Resources in Northwest China
     中国西北水资源的脆弱性(英文)
短句来源
     Sustainable utilization on water resources in Northwest China
     西北水资源的可持续利用
短句来源
     Status Analysis of Sustainable Use of Water Resources in Northwest China
     西北水资源可持续利用现状分析
短句来源
     Based on analysis of water resources of Northwest China and its relation to eco-environment, water resources and industry, agriculture and city development, some proposals and countermeasures for the sustainable use of water resources in Northwest China were put forward in the paper.
     通过分析西北水资源现状和水资源与生态环境,水资源与工业、农业及城市发展的关系,提出西北水资源可持续利用的对策与建议。
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  “西北水资源”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Application of DPSIR Framework in the Evaluation of Sustainable Water Use in Northwest China
     DPSIR模型在西北水资源可持续利用评价中的应用
短句来源
     A strategic study on Northwestern China Water Resource and Energy Industry Sustainable Development
     西北水资源与能源工业可持续发展战略研究
短句来源
     Characteristic and reasonable utilize of Northwest water resources
     西北水资源特点及合理利用
短句来源
     Evolution of the Concept of Carrying Capacity and the Analysis Framework of Water Resources Carrying Capacity in Northwest of China
     承载力概念的演变及西北水资源承载力的应用框架
短句来源
     This paper analyzes basic intendment of the social sustainable development and sustainable utilization of the water resources, puts forward the existence problems of development and utilization of water resources, and poses the gists of sustainable management of the water resources in northwest of China.
     论述了社会可持续发展与资源可持续利用的基本含义,结合西北水资源的持点,开发利用存在的问题,从水资源的可持续利用角度提出了西北地区建立水资源的可持续管理的思路和要点。
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     Analysis on Characteristics of Water Resources in the Northwest Region
     西北地区水资源的特点
短句来源
     Analysis of water resources and ecological environment in Northwest China
     西北地区水资源及生态环境浅析
短句来源
     The Bygones in The Northwest
     西北往事
短句来源
     Northwest China.
     西北区。
短句来源
     Worries About Water Resources.
     水资源的忧虑
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Northwest China occupies about 30% of the total area in China. It has an abundant storage of minerals and energy sources. As the limiting factors on the economic development in Northwest China, however, the shortage of water resources and deterioration of water environment become more and more serious with the population growth and agricultural and industrial development. There are some evidences about the deterioration of water environmerit, i. e., the decline of river discharge and lake water level, intensified...

Northwest China occupies about 30% of the total area in China. It has an abundant storage of minerals and energy sources. As the limiting factors on the economic development in Northwest China, however, the shortage of water resources and deterioration of water environment become more and more serious with the population growth and agricultural and industrial development. There are some evidences about the deterioration of water environmerit, i. e., the decline of river discharge and lake water level, intensified pollution, salinization and erosion of soil and water, etc. The water environment problems which ae closely related to the economic develop of Northwest China are discussed in detail. Some appropriate measures are suggested. The natural landscapes in the arid and semiarid regions of Northwest China are diseribed as well in the paper.

本文在分析西北干旱区的水文气象特征的基础上,讨论了干旱化和沙漠化加剧、水土流失、土壤盐渍化、水质恶化等主要的水环境问题,并提出改善西北水资源环境的措施和对策。

Professor Shi Yafeng has been studying geographic sciences, especially in geomorphology, glaciology and Quaternary geology for more than five decades, and has been recognized as one of the organizers and leading scientists in interdisciplinary geosciences. In early 1950s, he organizing the studies on geomorphologic regionalization in China. He and his colleagues firstly proposed that three mega regions, i.e. the eastern fluvial landform region, the north western eolian and arid landform region and the Qinghsi...

Professor Shi Yafeng has been studying geographic sciences, especially in geomorphology, glaciology and Quaternary geology for more than five decades, and has been recognized as one of the organizers and leading scientists in interdisciplinary geosciences. In early 1950s, he organizing the studies on geomorphologic regionalization in China. He and his colleagues firstly proposed that three mega regions, i.e. the eastern fluvial landform region, the north western eolian and arid landform region and the Qinghsi Xizang Plateau glacial and cryogenic landform region, and 29 sub regions can be distincted. Since 1958, he had organized the glacier resource expeditions in Qilian and Tianshan mountainous areas. “Report of Expeditions on Modern Glaciers in Qilian Mountains” and “Glaciol and Hydrological Invention in the Urumuqi River, Tianshan” were published under his editorship, which was actually a formal proclamation of the staring of the studies in modern glaciology in China. In 1960s, he entended the glacier expedition into the highest mountains in the the world Himalaya. He firstly gave the systematical explanation about the characteristics of alpine glaciers in low latitudes, and the impacts of rapid uplifting of Himalaya on glacier history. These pioneering works were presented in two books edited by him namely “Scientific Expedition Report of the Oomolungma Peak Area: Modern glaciers and Geomorphology” and “Scientific Expedition Report of the Xixiabangma Peak”. In 1970s, he led a group to study on Batura Glacier in Pakistan and developed the method so called “Fluctuating ice discharge balance” in the prediction of the glacier termination change and sub stantially improved the accuracy of prediction. This was a key challenge for selecting a reasonable rehabilitation scheme for the International Karakorum Highway. In early 1980s, he collaborated with others questioned the long debated “Quaternary Glaciation Hypotheses in Eastern China” and provided extensive and reliable evidence to deny it. These works were reflected in the book “Problems on Quaternary Glacitions and Environments in Eastern China” chiefly edited by Professor Shi Yafeng. This book Marked the breathtaking progress and diversification of glaciology studies of China in late 1980s. Professor Shi also advocated and organized virginal studies in permafrost researches in the Qinghai Xizang Plateau, the debris flow in southwestern China, and hydrology in arid regions in northwestern China in 1960s. These studies contributed remarkably to regional development in China. During 1980s ̄1990s, Professor Shi Yafeng gained an insight into global change and enthusiastically promoted the research activities in China. He edited and published “Climate and Environments in China during the Holocene Megathermal Period” in which he suggested that precipitation from northern China to central Asia during mid Holocene was more plentiful than that at present due to the enhancement of summer monsoon. These viewpoints have been widely accepted in China. In recent years, Prof. Shi Yafent actively promoted and contributed to the studies on the hazards caused by the sea level reise and urged for more studies to seek countermeasures for the related problems.

中国科学院院士、中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所名誉所长、中国地理学会前理事长施雅风教授是我国著名的地理学家和冰川学家。他专心致志于地理与环境变化、中国现代冰川与第四纪冰川研究,并且是我国地理学诸多专门领域研究的组织者和倡导者,他在50年代参加了中国地形区划的研究和我国第一个科学远景规划的编制,1958年开拓了中国现代冰川研究;60年代领导和开辟我国冻土学,泥石流、干旱水文研究新领域,并积极领导和推动青藏高原的科学考察;70年代施雅风教授创立波动冰量平衡方法预报冰川变化,成功地解决了中国-巴基斯坦公路通过巴托拉冰川区的问题。80年代以来他积极推动和参与倡导了西北水资源,全球变化与海岸带灾害,冰芯与环境等新领域的研究,他重视科学研究的国家目标,强调为经济建设服务和用任务带动学科发展。先后主持了许多重大研究项目,著述颇丰,硕果盈枝,为我国地理学、地理环境、冰川等科学的发展和西部地区经济建设作出了卓越贡献。今年是施雅风院士80寿辰,本刊发表这一组笔谈,回顾数十年来施雅风院士取得重大成就的领域,祝福他健康长寿,并祝贺他为我国的地理学、冰川学作出巨大的贡献。

In this paper, on the premise that the arid climate system of northwest China is considered, the law of origination and evolution of northwest arid climate is summarized; the prediction theory and method of northwest arid climate, and the relationship between regional climate change and human behavior are qualitatively discussed to some extent. And some countermeasures of drought of northwest arid climate are raised, especially, among the countermeasures, the exploiting climate resources of oases and improving...

In this paper, on the premise that the arid climate system of northwest China is considered, the law of origination and evolution of northwest arid climate is summarized; the prediction theory and method of northwest arid climate, and the relationship between regional climate change and human behavior are qualitatively discussed to some extent. And some countermeasures of drought of northwest arid climate are raised, especially, among the countermeasures, the exploiting climate resources of oases and improving the utility of northwest water resources are emphasized. Then the ability to alleviate the conflict between supply and requirement of northwest water resources are roughly estimated. Finally, the difficulties that are faced, and the insufficiency that arises at present in studies of northwest arid climate system, as well as the focalissues which need to be studied are pointed out.

在考虑干旱气候系统的前提之下 ,总结了西北干旱气候的形成和演化规律 ,对西北干旱气候的预测理论和方法作了一些定性讨论。初步提出了西北气候干旱化的一些基本对策 ,特别强调了开发绿洲气候资源和提高西北水资源利用效率在干旱化对策中的作用。粗略估计了当前可实现的干旱化对策措施对西北水资源供求矛盾的缓解能力。指出了研究我国西北干旱气候系统所面临的困难和存在的不足 ,以及今后需要重点研究的科学问题

 
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