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内乳淋巴结活检
相关语句
  internal mammary node biopsy
     Internal Mammary Node Biopsy in Breast Cancer
     乳腺癌内乳淋巴结活检的临床研究
短句来源
     The surgical approach for internal mammary node biopsy in breast cancer
     经肋间隙入路行内乳淋巴结活检的探讨
短句来源
     Methods Modified radical mastectomy and incised intercostal muscles for internal mammary node biopsy was performed on 113 patients.
     方法113例乳腺癌患者均接受不同术式的根治术及经肋间隙内乳淋巴结活检术。
短句来源
  “内乳淋巴结活检”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Internal mammary node chain dissection was performed by a thoracoscopic grasper and ultrasonically activated scalpel.
     1例左侧中央区Ⅲc期病人术前化疗后内乳区水肿,内乳血管显示不清,行腔镜内乳淋巴结活检
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Internal Mammary Node Biopsy in Breast Cancer
     腺癌淋巴结活检的临床研究
短句来源
     Objective To evaluate the feasibility and significance of internal mammary sentinel node biopsy on breast cancer.
     目的探讨区前哨淋巴结活检的方法及意义。
短句来源
     The surgical approach for internal mammary node biopsy in breast cancer
     经肋间隙入路行淋巴结活检的探讨
短句来源
     Application of sentinel lymph node biopsy by subareolar injection of blue dye in the treatment of breast carcinoma
     晕真皮注射蓝色染料法前哨淋巴结活检的应用
短句来源
     Internal mammary sentinel lymph node lymphoscintigraphy were positive in 11 cases but all the cases were negative in metastases by pathologic examination.
     淋巴结显像11例,活检病理检查均为转移阴性。
短句来源
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Objective To investigate the feasibility of internal mammary lymph node chain dissection by thoracoscopy in breast cancer patients.Methods Fifteen patients with breast cancer whose tumors located in central or internal place of breast were enrolled in the study.Five or six milliliter of methylene blue was injected into the subcutaneous parenchyma surrounding the tumor.Anesthesia and single-lung ventilation was performed by using a double-lumen endotracheal tube to permit collapse of the same lateral lung.The...

Objective To investigate the feasibility of internal mammary lymph node chain dissection by thoracoscopy in breast cancer patients.Methods Fifteen patients with breast cancer whose tumors located in central or internal place of breast were enrolled in the study.Five or six milliliter of methylene blue was injected into the subcutaneous parenchyma surrounding the tumor.Anesthesia and single-lung ventilation was performed by using a double-lumen endotracheal tube to permit collapse of the same lateral lung.The trocars were introduced through three thoracic incisions of less than 15 mm at the third,the fifth and the seventh intercostal spaces along the midaxillary line.Internal mammary node chain dissection was performed by a thoracoscopic grasper and ultrasonically activated scalpel.Length of the dissection procedure was recorded.Results Eleven patients underwent the thoracoscopic internal mammary node chain excision successfully.The procedure time of thoracoscopic internal mammary node chain excision ranged from 34 to 70 min [average(49.2±9.6) min].A total of 52 internal mammary nodes were removed and 4 patients failed the operation because of unfavorable local anatomic conditions.Internal mammary node metastasis were found in 5 patients,one patient with internal mammary node metastasis but no axillary node metastases.All of the internal mammary nodes were located from the first rib to the fourth intercostal space.There were no damages to the lungs,blood vessels,and other thoracic structures.Conclusion Thoracoscopic internal mammary node dissection can be performed feasibly and easily without any serious complications,which may improve the therapy for breast cancer patients with internal mammary nodal metastases.

目的探讨经胸腔镜行内乳淋巴链切除的可行性。方法选择肿瘤位于乳腺内侧或中央区的乳腺癌病人15例为研究对象。气管插双腔管全麻,术前肿块周围和皮下注射美蓝5~6 m l。腋窝清扫结束后,采用单腔通气使患侧肺萎陷。于腋中线第3、5、7肋间隙处分别置入腔镜、内镜分离钳和超声刀,切除内乳淋巴链送病理检查。结果11例右侧乳腺癌病人腔镜下成功切除内乳淋巴链。1例左侧中央区Ⅲc期病人术前化疗后内乳区水肿,内乳血管显示不清,行腔镜内乳淋巴结活检。1例左侧乳腺癌其内乳淋巴链被心包和主动脉覆盖,另2例乳腺癌因胸腔粘连均改经肋间隙胸膜外内乳淋巴结活检。11例中5例内乳淋巴结有癌转移,其中1例内乳淋巴结癌转移而腋窝淋巴结无转移。平均每例切除内乳淋巴结4.7(4.7±1.8)枚。内乳淋巴结均位于第1肋软骨至第4肋间隙之间。手术时间为34~70(49.2±9.6)m in。1例发生术后一过性低氧血症,经面罩吸氧好转。无出血、肺损伤、肺不张及肺部感染等手术并发症。结论胸腔镜内乳淋巴链清扫是可行的,手术操作简便、创伤较小。该手术方法有助于改善乳腺癌内乳淋巴结转移的治疗。

Objective To explore surgical approach for internal mammary node biopsy in patients with breast cancer. Methods Modified radical mastectomy and incised intercostal muscles for internal mammary node biopsy was performed on 113 patients. The distance from the internal mammary artery to the lateral sternal border, and the intercostal distance between the two costal cartilage were measured. Anatomical location and maximal diameter of the excised nodes were recorded. Results The internal mammary artery runs through...

Objective To explore surgical approach for internal mammary node biopsy in patients with breast cancer. Methods Modified radical mastectomy and incised intercostal muscles for internal mammary node biopsy was performed on 113 patients. The distance from the internal mammary artery to the lateral sternal border, and the intercostal distance between the two costal cartilage were measured. Anatomical location and maximal diameter of the excised nodes were recorded. Results The internal mammary artery runs through intercostal space along the lateral sternal border. The distance from the internal mammary artery to the lateral sternal border was (10. 9±4. 5) mm, (11.6±2.9) mm, (9.6±3.6) mm and (4.5±3.5) mm in the first, second, third and fourth intercostal space, respectively. The distance between the two costal cartilage was (14. 2±4. 1) mm, (16. 2±4. 2) mm, (13. 9±4. 3) mm and (9.9±3. 6) mm in the first,second, third and fourth intercostal space, respectively. Two hundred and seventy-nine internal mammary nodes were excised from 113 patients. The anatomical location of the internal mammary nodes which embedded in the fatty tissue surrounding internal mammary artery were 41. 2% at the medial side, 51. 6% at the lateral side and 7. 2% in an anterior plane to the internal mammary artery. Metastases in the internal mammary node were detected in 26 patients. The lymph nodes metastasis were detected only in the internal mammary nodes in 5 cases. Conclusion Internal mammary node biopsy via intercostal space is a feasible, minimally traumatic, low-risk procedure.

目的研究胸前壁内乳区的局部解剖,探讨经肋间隙入路行内乳淋巴结活检的可行性和安全性。方法113例乳腺癌患者均接受不同术式的根治术及经肋间隙内乳淋巴结活检术。术中测量胸骨外缘距胸廓内动脉的距离和肋间隙的宽度,记录内乳淋巴结的部位和最大直径。结果胸廓内动脉距胸骨外缘的距离在第1、2、3和4肋间隙分别为(10.9±4.5)mm、(11.6±3.O)mm、(9.6±3.6)mm和(4.5±3.5)mmo第1、2、3、4肋间隙宽度分别为(14.2±4.1)mm、(16.2±4.2) mm、(13.9±4.3)mm和(9.9±3.6)mm c 113例乳腺癌共切除内乳淋巴结279枚。内乳淋巴结位于胸廓内动脉周围的脂肪组织中,在血管内侧占41.2%,外侧占51.6%,前方为7.2%。113例乳腺癌患者中内乳淋巴结转移者26例,其中仅有内乳淋巴结转移者5例。结论切开胸骨外缘肋间肌2-3.5 cm所提供的术野能完成内乳淋巴结活检,此方法具有操作简便、创伤小、安全性高的特点。

 
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