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三支柱
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  three pillars
     Nowadays, the three pillars are applied widely among western countries, which include the basic social security fund, the occupational pension fund and the individual saving accounts.
     三支柱分别指采取现收现付制的国家基本养老保险、采取个人账户的企业补充养老保险和个人储蓄性养老保险。
短句来源
     To this point, the article will commence from the economics theories analysis in relevant to the pension system, and draw lessons from some countries that have successful experience in the development and reformation of the pension system, and put forward the speculation named "three pillars" about the pension system in Chinese characteristic by according to the concrete situation of China, and try to make the problem get the satisfactory solution by constructing institutions . Three are three parts to constitute the thesis.
     对此,论文从有关养老金制度的经济学理论分析入手,借鉴一些国家养老金制度发展和改革的成功经验,结合我国的具体国情,提出了建立中国特色的“三支柱”模式养老金制度的构想,试图通过制度建设来使问题得到圆满解决。
短句来源
     In China, occupational pension is the second pillar in the pension system of three pillars.
     企业年金在中国处于养老保险体系“三支柱”中的第二位。
短句来源
     The three pillars of the World Bank pension system reform proposals already in practice in many countries of the world, and have achieved some results.
     世界银行的三支柱养老金制度改革建议已经在世界许多国家实践,并取得了一定成效。
短句来源
     The construction of rural old-age pension system in China plays a big role in rural economic development and social stability, therefore, we should give priority to solving the problem of “Three Social Securities”, and constructing rural old-age pension system in style of “three pillars and multi-tiers”.
     中国农村社会养老保障制度的建设,事关农村经济发展和社会稳定。 当前,应优先解决“三保”问题,积极构建以“三支柱、多层次”为模式的农村社会养老保障体系。
短句来源
  three pillar
     Three Pillar Framework of Banking Performance Measurement
     银行业绩衡量的三支柱框架
短句来源
     This paper proposes three pillar patterns about insurance supervision, complements with auxiliary supervision system and forms the basic ideas about the frame system of insurance supervision. It also advances specific countermeasures in view of the realistic questions about China's insurance supervision and probes into the break-new-ground point of the insurance supervision system.
     文章给出了围绕保险监管的三支柱模式,辅以配套监管制度,构建我国保险监管制度框架体系的基本思路,针对我国保险监管中的现实问题提出了具体对策,对保险监管制度的创新点进行了探讨。
短句来源
     International business annuity system is changing from pay-as-you-go to fund-edfully,from the signal National Pension to three pillar model,which combine the basic old age pension,business annuity with Private Pension Funds together,from the government concentrated management style to the business annuity style,which included invenstment tool diversification,fund operation market-oriented,and on the stock-transformation. The benefit form of business annuity system is changing from DB plan to DC plan.
     国际企业年金制度正在从现收现付制向基金积累制转型,从单一的国家养老金向基本养老金、企业年金和个人养老储蓄金相结合的三支柱模式转型,从政府集中统一管理模式向企业年金投资模式转型,企业年金制度的受益形式也正在从待遇确定型向缴费确定型转型。
短句来源
  “三支柱”译为未确定词的双语例句
     E-S-O(Environment-Strategy-Organization) Theory tells us that only when the three key factors accords, can an enterprise obtain high benefit and reach the target.
     当环境因素(environment)、经营战略(strategy)、组织模式(organization)三支柱因素协调一致时,企业的效益就能提高。反之,则会降低经营总目标的实现率。组织战略与组织结构是相互适应与协调的关系,如相互不兼容,则均需要调整。
短句来源
     So, on the basis of the above analysis, the paper proposes the new conception of generalized occupational pension and reconstructs three props system of endowment insurance and determines target substitution rate of various props. Then, the plan has carried on the feasibility analysis.
     最后,通过前文的测算结果结合目前我国的养老保险现状提出了广义企业年金计划的新构想,重构了养老保险的三支柱体系,确定了在新的养老保险三支柱体系框架下各支柱的目标替代率水平并对此方案进行了可行性分析、实现途径分析。
短句来源
     In Chapter 6, the realistic choice and the long-term programming for the reform of Chinese public servants' pension system are put forward. Based on a deep analysis of the realistic background, both a short-term project and a long-term program are brought out.
     第六章我国公务员养老保险制度改革的现实选择和长期规划:在深入分析我国公务员养老保险制度改革的现实背景的前提下,提出我国公务员养老保险制度改革的短期方案与长期规划,即:短期内建立由与企业职工同等的基本养老保险金、作为政府雇员的职业养老保险金和个人储蓄养老保险金构成的三支柱公务员养老保险体系;
短句来源
     Under the double backgrounds of aging population and basic endowment insurance system with overweight burden in China, the momentous task facing us is how to develop enterprise annuity and transfer China endowment insurance system according to the international standard of“three-pillar system”.
     在中国人口老龄化和基本养老保险体系负担过重的双重背景下,如何发展企业年金,使中国养老保险体系朝着国际通行的“三支柱”转变是摆在我们前面的首要任务。
短句来源
     Chinese government also has made pension system reform, in May of 2004 three-arrangement endowment insurance system have been established in China, including national basic pension plan, employer pension plan and personal commercial endowment insurance.
     我国政府也实施了养老制度改革,于2004年5月基本确立了包括基本养老社会保险、企业年金和个人储蓄性养老计划在内的三支柱养老保障体系。
短句来源
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  three pillars
However today, the three pillars of higher education - the production of new knowledge, teaching, and the preservation of knowledge - can easily be and more efficiently replaced by electronic means.
      
This paper explores the three pillars of the MAP approach: requirements, technology, and acquisition, which together support the Holy Grail of space system affordability.
      
Our project relies on three pillars: three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning for the documentation of body surfaces, and both multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualise the internal body.
      
The lists of courses taught by each of the eight universities currently offering geological engineering in Canada were appraised for content and it was found that there are three "pillars" related to earth materials: Soil, Water and Rock.
      
Intervention strategies are based on three pillars: nutrition, physical activity and pharmacological agents.
      
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  three pillar
The three pillar industries of Guangzhou are petrochemical, automobile and information technology.
      


AbstractDer Beitrag stellt die deutsche gesetzliche Rentenversicherung vor, einschl. Institution, Finanzierung und Rentenberechnung, vor allem die Konzepte der Rentenreform '99, und analysiert die Begründung des Beibehaltens des vorhandenen Umlageverfahrens in der deutschen gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung. Auf dieser Basis macht der Beitrag ein paar Hinweise auf die Gründung eines Rentenversicherungssystems:Dreiteilung in der Rentenversicherung und Ergnzung des Umlageverfahrens um Kapitaldeckungsverfahren auerhalb...

AbstractDer Beitrag stellt die deutsche gesetzliche Rentenversicherung vor, einschl. Institution, Finanzierung und Rentenberechnung, vor allem die Konzepte der Rentenreform '99, und analysiert die Begründung des Beibehaltens des vorhandenen Umlageverfahrens in der deutschen gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung. Auf dieser Basis macht der Beitrag ein paar Hinweise auf die Gründung eines Rentenversicherungssystems:Dreiteilung in der Rentenversicherung und Ergnzung des Umlageverfahrens um Kapitaldeckungsverfahren auerhalb der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung, Ausgrenzung der versicherungsfremden Leistungen, Verschiebung des gesetzlichen Rentenalters in bezug auf die Zunahme der Lebensdauer, vorgezogene Rente mit Abschlgen usw.

本文介绍了德国法定养老保险的结构,包括机构设置、资金筹措和养老金计算方式等,重点介绍了德国1999年养老金改革方案,剖析了德国保持现行的现收现支模式的原因。在此基础上,本文得出了养老保险体制构建中的若干启示:如实现养老保险的三支柱原则、现收现支模式上辅以资本积累模式、屏除保险异化内容、鉴于人口寿命增加而延长法定退休年龄以及提前领取养老金必须打折等

The enterprise annuity is an endowment assurance system instituted, under the guidance of the relevant government policy, by enterprises and their staff who acted on their own and in accordance with their economic conditions——an important part of multiple-level endowment assurance system, which we were calling “enterprises' complementary endowment assurance(ECEA)". In the year 2000, the State Council promulgated,“The Experimental Program to Perfect the Social Security System in Cities and Towns", in which it...

The enterprise annuity is an endowment assurance system instituted, under the guidance of the relevant government policy, by enterprises and their staff who acted on their own and in accordance with their economic conditions——an important part of multiple-level endowment assurance system, which we were calling “enterprises' complementary endowment assurance(ECEA)". In the year 2000, the State Council promulgated,“The Experimental Program to Perfect the Social Security System in Cities and Towns", in which it is decided that ECEA be standardized as “enterprises' annuity(EA)", managed in the form of private account and run according to the law of the market. Viewed from the aspect of legality as well as operating features, EA is a long-term, promised-to-pay deferred-payment contract protected by law; it is also a new form of ECEA that has been comprehensively developed in the sectors of fund management, fund operation and treatment system. The formulation and development of China's EA system has marked both the transition from China's endowment system to internationally established model of “three-pillar system" and a stage in the reform and development of China's endowment assurance system. Mainly analyzed in this paper are the social economic cost of the current non-tax-privilege policy and the low efficiency thereof. Meanwhile, we have elaborated the necessity for China to carry out the tax privilege policy in enterprises, and analyzed, by a case study, the impact of this policy upon the aggregated tax amount.

企业年金是在国家政策指导下 ,由企业及其职工依据经济状况自主建立的一项养老保险制度 ,是多层次养老保险体系的一个重要组成部分 ,我们过去一直称之为“企业补充养老保险” ,2000年 ,国务院颁布《关于完善城镇社会保障体系的试点方案》决定:将企业补充养老保险规范为企业年金 ,采用个人账户式管理 ,实行市场化管理运营。从企业年金的法律关系和运营特征来看 ,它是一个长期承诺的、受法律保护的延期支付合同 ,也是一个基金管理、资金运用和待遇制度不同环节综合发展的补充养老制度。中国企业年金体系的建立和发展 ,标志着中国养老体系正在朝着国际通行的“三支柱”养老模式 (three - pillarsystem)转变 ,同时也标志着中国养老保险体系的改革和发展进入一个新的阶段。本文主要分析了现行非税惠政策的社会经济成本以及现行政策的低效率 ,同时阐述了中国对企业年金实行税收优惠政策的必要性 ,并实证分析了税惠政策对税收总量的影响。

Traditional pension system is based on insurance statistic theory. But "Three- backbone" pension model is becoming the mainstream of worldwide pension system's reform, which emphasizes saving and accumulation functions. Thus operation and management of pension fund need participation of insurance company. Our country's Multi - layer pension system is in the process of changing and improving. Combining international experience and internal practice, the paper advises our insurance company should reconstruction...

Traditional pension system is based on insurance statistic theory. But "Three- backbone" pension model is becoming the mainstream of worldwide pension system's reform, which emphasizes saving and accumulation functions. Thus operation and management of pension fund need participation of insurance company. Our country's Multi - layer pension system is in the process of changing and improving. Combining international experience and internal practice, the paper advises our insurance company should reconstruction to integrated financial group.

传统养老保险制度的形成机制或技术基础都是保险统计原理,但是“三支柱”的养老金体系已成为世界范围内养老保险制度改革的主流模式,更强调制度的储蓄积累功能,由此形成的养老保险基金市场需要保险公司参与运作和管理。我国多层次养老金制度正处于转轨和完善阶段,结合国际经验和国内实践,本文提出保险公司应该转型为综合性金融集团。

 
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