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本地社区
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  local community
     Industry clusters refer to the phenomenon that mutually related enterprises and institutions congregate in a certain area. It has historical origins in the local community, consisting of competing as well as cooperating relationship among enterprises.
     产业集群是一些相互联系的企业和机构在特定地域所形成的产业空间集聚现象,它既有本地社区的历史根源,又经常取决于本地企业之间既竞争又合作的关系集合。
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  “本地社区”译为未确定词的双语例句
     First, networks best facilitate innovation when they are structurally dense and spatially extended and, when those participants such as entrepreneurs (agents) are willing to create strong bonds in their local communities and to extend social connections to other communities and regions.
     第一,当网络的结构稠密同时空间延展性好,并且参与网络的企业家(代理人)不但愿意在本地社区中建立紧密的联系,而且将社会关系扩展或延伸到其他社区或地区,网络促进创新的功能可以得到最好的发挥。
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     2. To put forward scientific reference for related ministry to set appropriate training program and method for community nurses by investing the post-training condition of community nurses and their educational demand.
     2.调查了解成都市社区护士岗位培训现状及学习需求,为成都市相关部门制定适合本地社区护士的社区护理岗位培训规划,以及制定适宜的培训内容和培训方式等提供科学的参考依据。
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  相似匹配句对
     Community
     社区
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     Local News
     本地要闻
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     Perching Habitat--The Safe Community Shared by Local Residents and the Transient Population
     栖木——本地居民与流动人口共享的安全社区
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     Community Business-street
     社区的商业街
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     Local Computer Networks
     本地计算机网
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  local community
Decision makers from international financial aid institutions, donor agencies, governmental and the local community can utilize this proposed approach.
      
- Such an organisation also serves as a means of publicity, whereby information can be reciprocally exchanged between geriatric specialists and representatives of the local community.
      
Psychological consequences of a firework factory disaster in a local community
      
In order to see how a local community sustains its solidarity through localistic folk religion, it is worth taking a close look at the community structure prior to the protest mobilization.
      
Lucia, this paper explores how local community resources may influence the terms of their integration in the global economy.
      
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OBJECTIVE To comprehend the urinary tract infection (UTI) by the common pathogens and antibiotic application in Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai and its vicinal community. METHODS From Jan 2004 to Jun 2004 the cases with UTI were investigated retrospectively; the pathogens and bacterial resistance in urine culture of the hospital and its vicinal community were compared. RESULTS The main pathogens that caused UTI were Escherichia coli and enterococci; the Gram negative ones accounted for 83% and 56% in community-acquired...

OBJECTIVE To comprehend the urinary tract infection (UTI) by the common pathogens and antibiotic application in Ruijin Hospital in Shanghai and its vicinal community. METHODS From Jan 2004 to Jun 2004 the cases with UTI were investigated retrospectively; the pathogens and bacterial resistance in urine culture of the hospital and its vicinal community were compared. RESULTS The main pathogens that caused UTI were Escherichia coli and enterococci; the Gram negative ones accounted for 83% and 56% in community-acquired and hospitalUTI, the Gram positive ones were accounted for 17% and 44% in community-acquired and hospital UTI, respectively. There were higher resistance rate of strains isolated from hospital infecton (HI) group than out -hospitalinfection group. Drug sensibility test in vitro of the E. coli was 100% to IMP and MEM; and was highly sensible to CAZ, FEP, CZP, CFS, and CMZ; their resistant rate was lower 20%; that to CIP, PIP, AMP, and GEN was over 50-80% in out-hospital and hospital UTI, the highest sensitive drugs to enterococci were VAN and TCL. No resistant strain was found. The resistant rate to CIP and ERY was the highest. CONCLUSIONSThe variety of pathogens in the UTI and their drug resistance in HI and CAI are studied, it providesa reference basis for antibiotic clinical application.

目的 为调查比较瑞金医院近期社区及院内尿路感染病原学构成特点及抗生素耐药情况。方法 回顾分析2004年1~6月,上海瑞金医院门诊与住院尿路感染患者中段尿培养及药敏试验结果。结果 社区与院内尿路感染的病原学分布以大肠埃希菌属、肠球菌属为主,但两菌所占比例明显不同;医院感染分离株耐药性普遍高于社区感染分离株;IMP、MEM、CAZ、FEP、TZP、CFS、CMZ治疗大肠埃希菌感染敏感性均>80%,而CIP、PIP、AMP、GEN均已产生>50%~80%耐药率;未检出耐VAN、TCL肠球菌菌株,AMP、NIT对肠球菌感染具有较高敏感性,而CIP、ERY已产生较高耐药性。结论 及时总结本地社区与院内尿路感染流行病学资料及耐药菌变迁规律,对指导临床正确选药意义重大。

Objective Analyzing the epidemiological character of the 4 cases of SARS in Guangzhou winter 2003 and providing the guideline for prevention. Methods Field epidemiology and serological investigation. Results 4 cases of SARS were reported from 16 December 2003 to 7 January 2004 in Guangzhou, 3 male and 1 female, aged from 20 to 40. All were community acquired and infected independently, but 3 of them related to two restaurants served civet cat dish and displayed milder symptoms, no mechanical ventilation and...

Objective Analyzing the epidemiological character of the 4 cases of SARS in Guangzhou winter 2003 and providing the guideline for prevention. Methods Field epidemiology and serological investigation. Results 4 cases of SARS were reported from 16 December 2003 to 7 January 2004 in Guangzhou, 3 male and 1 female, aged from 20 to 40. All were community acquired and infected independently, but 3 of them related to two restaurants served civet cat dish and displayed milder symptoms, no mechanical ventilation and relatively rapid resolution of fever, radiographic findings. No secondary transmission demonstrated. 3 cases were SARS-CoV IgG, IgM positive in early stage. 129 employees in two restaurants tested for SARS-CoV IgG, 8(6.20%) were positive, of which, 1 was the patient, and the rate was higher than that of controls. SARS-CoV RNA was found in samples from 6 civet cats in one of the two restaurants. Conclusion The SARS outbreak in winter 2003 Guangzhou was at the early phase and 4 cases infected independently without secondary transmission. The source of infection of 3 cases was related to wildlife, civet cats.

目的分析传染性非典型肺炎(下称SARS)的流行特点,探讨SARS感染发病的特征,为制定SARS防制策略提供依据。方法用现场流行病学与血清流行病学调查方法,分析广州市2003年冬季SARS流行特征。结果广州市2003年12月16日至2004年1月7日共报告SARS病例4例,男性3例,女性1例,年龄20~40岁;患者病情较轻,无ARDS和死亡;3例患者在发病后5~6d就可检测出SARS-CoVIgG、IgM抗体;均属本地社区感染病例,其中3例患者与经营果子狸的T、S餐厅有流行病学联系,但病例间无直接的流行病传播关系。257名接触者无一例发病;T及S餐厅129名员工中血清SARS-CoVIgG阳性率为6.20%(8/129),8例SARS-CoVIgG阳性者中1例为报告病例,1例为近期感染轻型病例,1例为2003年初可疑SARS病例,5例为隐性感染者;两餐厅员工的SARS-CoVIgG阳性率明显高于健康对照人群(0.43%)和服务业从业人员(0.29%);T酒家存栏的6只果子狸咽拭子均检出SARS-CoVRNA。结论广州2003年冬季SARS流行强度低、病例病情轻,未显示出有传染性,存在有隐性感染者和轻...

目的分析传染性非典型肺炎(下称SARS)的流行特点,探讨SARS感染发病的特征,为制定SARS防制策略提供依据。方法用现场流行病学与血清流行病学调查方法,分析广州市2003年冬季SARS流行特征。结果广州市2003年12月16日至2004年1月7日共报告SARS病例4例,男性3例,女性1例,年龄20~40岁;患者病情较轻,无ARDS和死亡;3例患者在发病后5~6d就可检测出SARS-CoVIgG、IgM抗体;均属本地社区感染病例,其中3例患者与经营果子狸的T、S餐厅有流行病学联系,但病例间无直接的流行病传播关系。257名接触者无一例发病;T及S餐厅129名员工中血清SARS-CoVIgG阳性率为6.20%(8/129),8例SARS-CoVIgG阳性者中1例为报告病例,1例为近期感染轻型病例,1例为2003年初可疑SARS病例,5例为隐性感染者;两餐厅员工的SARS-CoVIgG阳性率明显高于健康对照人群(0.43%)和服务业从业人员(0.29%);T酒家存栏的6只果子狸咽拭子均检出SARS-CoVRNA。结论广州2003年冬季SARS流行强度低、病例病情轻,未显示出有传染性,存在有隐性感染者和轻型病例,SARS-CoV来源与动物(果子狸)密切相关。

Participation of the extensive public in construction and management of the protected area is an important affair of the protected area.In this article,as a reference,following problems:why the participation of the public is required?Who should participate?How many forms of participation?How to strive the public to participate?What experiences are valuable to introduce and how to construct the co-management mechanism were briefly stated.Then it was discussed that it was not able to satisfy requirements of affairs...

Participation of the extensive public in construction and management of the protected area is an important affair of the protected area.In this article,as a reference,following problems:why the participation of the public is required?Who should participate?How many forms of participation?How to strive the public to participate?What experiences are valuable to introduce and how to construct the co-management mechanism were briefly stated.Then it was discussed that it was not able to satisfy requirements of affairs of the protected area only by the work of staff,so that the participation of local society,related business departments,the local government,NGO,private and public companies departments of science and education, persons of environmental protection and tourists was necessary,in forms of providing information,co-drafting policy, undertaking total or partial works and utilizing some efficient forms,such as news media.It was suggested that the protected area and the local government may combine into one entity or set up a committee for co-management.As examples,Chebaling protected area in Guangdong province and Cebtral Karakora National Park in Pakistan were introduced.

公众参与保护区的建设和管理是保护区事业的一项重要任务。本文拟就为什么要公众参与、谁应该参与、有哪些参与形式、如何争取参与、有哪些经验值得介绍和共管机制的形成等方面作简要论述,以供有关方面参考。我们认为仅仅依靠保护区管理人员自己远远不能满足保护区事业的要求,本地社区以及有关业务部门、地方政府、非政府组织、公私企业、科教部门、环保人士、旅游者等一系列利益攸关者应该参与,通过提供信息、共同决策、委托或承包全部或部分独立的工作等形式参与,利用各种有效形式如新闻媒体等积极争取参与。并建议保护区与地方政府合并为一体或成立管委会等有效方式形成共管机制。本文以广东车八岭保护区和巴基斯坦卡拉戈拉姆(Cebtral karakoram)国家公园为例阐明了这个问题。

 
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