Extended producer responsibility (EPR) as a regulatory policy instrument, in which a producer's responsibility for a produce is extended to the post-consumer stage of a produce's life cycle, is first implemented in OECD member countries.
In the middle of 1980s some OECD country especially Australia and New Zealand carried a series of reform named “new public management” that had quite an effect. The traditional input budgeting has been replaced by the out budgeting which measures the performance of government sector and expenditure unit through output indicators.
The article analyses the problems of bank taxation,refers to the foreign(OECD country) bank system of tax revenue for the inspiration to our country and puts forward the countermeasures and suggestion to reform and perfect Chinese current taxation.
The conclusions are the same as when studying the trade of each OECD country individually.
Spain is, together with Portugal, the only OECD country where school principals are democratically elected from the teaching staff of each primary and secondary school by a School Council, where all members of the school community are represented.
The GHGinventory prepared by RAO is the first suchcorporate emissions inventory undertaken ina non-OECD country.
The US spends significantly more money as a percentage of GDP on health care than any other OECD country and more importantly, this amount is anticipated to increase exponentially.
We find that the Unites States is somewhat less productive than the average OECD country, but that a substantial part of the observed difference results from poor lifestyle choices, particularly obesity.
This paper presented the definition and classification of five economic measures for environmental protection, such as pollution charge, subsidies, deposit, market creation and enforced incentives and discussed their application to OECD countries, perspective of their developing tendency and application prehmi narily.
Based on the principle of precautionary action.polluter-pays principle and principle of cooperation.Germany has achieved a high standard of waste management and has developed its own characteristics in the field.Closed substance Cycle and Grreen Dot have become catch phrases in the international debate,while German environmental have been doing good business.both domestic and international
With the development of China market economy,the system of current treasury management,which has the features of planned economy,cannot fit with the new situation of economy.Deepening treasuty reform is becoming more and more urgent .This article introduces the present state of treasury operation in OECD countries.Then using their experiences for reference,it gives some suggestions to China treasury reform.