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哺育
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  nurture
     It is pointed out that the edification of Confucianism, the influence of Buddhism, and the nurture of conventional Chaozhou_Shantou culture are the chief factors for the formation of the virtue of sincerity and credit in Chaozhoulese.
     儒家传统文化的熏陶 ,佛教文化的影响 ,潮汕传统文化的哺育 ,是潮汕人诚信美德形成的主要文化因子。
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     The Effects of Adding Active Folic Acid and Peptidoglgcan to the Diet of Sow on Nurture Ability
     活性叶酸、肽聚糖对哺乳期母猪哺育能力的影响
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     His unique art originates in the nurture of Chinese culture and his industrious research on western art.
     卫天霖青少年时期,民族文化艺术乳汁的哺育和对西方艺术的刻苦钻研是形成他独特艺术风貌的渊源;
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     His success can't be separated from the nurture and edification of Yimeng Culture.
     诸葛亮的成才离不开沂蒙文化对他的哺育与熏陶。
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     Modern management is transforming rapidly from empiristic level to theoretic level. It goes on admiting the latest finding of contemporary science to nurture and grandness itself.
     现代管理越来越从经验领域向理论领域前进,它不断地吸纳当代科学的新成果哺育自己、壮大自己,使管理科学的内容大大充实,形式繁花似锦,本文重点讨论了系统论。
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  “哺育”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The rectangular farrowing crate is 2.6m long and 1.6m wide.
     矩形分娩哺育栏长2.6m,宽1.6m,限位架长2.1m,宽0.6m,高1.0m。
短句来源
     The result of above tests showed the formula of calculating RDCP for lactating Green she goats with double kids was: Y=2.79W0.75+90.82L In the formula,Y was RDCP (g/d);
     根据上述试验结果可得出青山羊泌乳期哺育双羔母羊的可消化粗蛋白质需要量公式为 :Y=2.79W0.75+90.82L; 式中 :Y为RDCP(g/d);
短句来源
     (p<0.05).
     0.160ng/g)显著低于哺育蜂(P<0.05);
短句来源
     The Pigeons artificially fed from age of 10-days and 15-days to age of 28 days were compared with the pigeons naturally fed at the same age.
     以10日龄和15日龄乳鸽进行人工哺喂至28日龄,用同日龄自然哺育的乳鸽作对照,测定了体增重和亲鸽产蛋间隔。
短句来源
     2.DLS applied on FN does improved receptivity(74.18% vs 53.72%,P<0 01)and fertility(69.23% vs 46.00%,P<0 01),which was more pronounced than that on CN(73.35% vs 58.47%,P<0 05;77.77% vs 68.62% P>0 05).
     当母仔分离的方法使用在自由哺育方式中时,母兔的发情率和繁殖率均能得到极显著的改善(74.18%和53.72%,P<0.01;69.23%和46.00%,P<0.01)。
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  相似匹配句对
     Artificial Nourishing of Oranguta Cubs
     幼龄猩猩的人工哺育
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     Hand Rearing of Tree Shrews (Tupaia belangeri chinensis)
     树的人工哺育(英文)
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  nurture
Due to lack of appreciation of the complexities of the interactions between nature and nurture, claims for the rapid improvements in medical care following the human genome project have been exaggerated.
      
The role of values in the nature/nurture debate about psychiatric disorders
      
This paper discusses the role that values play in our estimates of the relative importance of nature/nurture factors in the etiology of psychiatric disorders.
      
Developmental research at the time was still in the grip of the nature/nurture debate.
      
The vulnerabilty stress model is an intriguing concept to look into the etiology of psychotic disorders and, in particular, into the "nature nurture" principle.
      
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Studies Were conducted on four local Chinese pig breeds namely Chenghua, Yanan, Penzoushan and Tibetan pigs which are distributed respectively in the plains, the hilly regions, the mountainous areas and the plateaus, under different ecological conditions of Sichuan Province. The higher the altitude, the smaller and narrower the pig body was built, with narrow head and longer, straight snout. As the ecological conditions change, the skins of pigs become thinner, and their hairs denser and longer. The number of...

Studies Were conducted on four local Chinese pig breeds namely Chenghua, Yanan, Penzoushan and Tibetan pigs which are distributed respectively in the plains, the hilly regions, the mountainous areas and the plateaus, under different ecological conditions of Sichuan Province. The higher the altitude, the smaller and narrower the pig body was built, with narrow head and longer, straight snout. As the ecological conditions change, the skins of pigs become thinner, and their hairs denser and longer. The number of teats in sows and also the number of piglets farrowed and weaned per litter became smaller. The percentage of weight of lung and of heart in live weight, and the percentage of intestinal length in body length were both increased. The daily gains in body weight of meat hogs became smaller, and the quality of carcasses was poorer because they contained less muscle and more fat.

著者对分布四川省平原、丘陵、山区和高原不同生态条件的成华、雅南、盆周山地和藏猪进行了调查与试验研究。结果认为,地方猪种某些经济性状,随着产区海拔的增高、生态条件的改变而发生有规律的变化,如体型由大变小,由宽变窄;头变窄,嘴筒变长、直;被毛(包括鬃毛、粗毛、绒毛)变长、密;母猪的乳头数、产仔数、哺育率均有所减少;日增重降低,胴体交短,皮变薄;花板油占胴体重比率增大;胴体中肌肉含量降低,脂肪含量增高。此外,心脏、肺(包括气管)占活重比率、后腿肌肉占胴体肌肉重比率、大肠长与体长比率均有所增加。

he each of multiparous Min (M) and Harbin White (HW) sows were used to determine total feed consumed, weight changes, litter size at birth and weaning, litter growth rate and creep feed fed during one reproductive cycle to asses the genotype of these two breeds and their reproductive performance under a fixed feeding regime. During gestation, 6183, Kcal DE and 186.4 gof DCP were consumed by the M and 7011 Kcal and 206.8g respectively by HW per head daily. During a 60 day lactation period, their respecteve DE...

he each of multiparous Min (M) and Harbin White (HW) sows were used to determine total feed consumed, weight changes, litter size at birth and weaning, litter growth rate and creep feed fed during one reproductive cycle to asses the genotype of these two breeds and their reproductive performance under a fixed feeding regime. During gestation, 6183, Kcal DE and 186.4 gof DCP were consumed by the M and 7011 Kcal and 206.8g respectively by HW per head daily. During a 60 day lactation period, their respecteve DE intakes Werel, 3435 and 15608 Kcal and 568.4 and 634.8g, Average weight increase during the gesatation period was 50.52kg for the M and 48.63kg for the HW. Average Weight loss during the nursing period was 20.24kg for the M and 25.10 for the HW. Under the designated fee ding regime, total number of piglets born was 17.2, and number born alive 15.2 for the M; corresponding figures for HW were 13.3 and 11.5 respective, Litter number at weaning and indivudual weight were 10.9 and 13.91 kg for M and 10.2 and 5.7 kg for HW.

本研究表明,妊娠期间,民猪每天采食消化能6183千卡,可消化粗蛋白质186.4克。哈白猪为7011千卡和206.8克。哺育期间,民猪每天采食消化能13435千卡,可消化粗蛋白质568.4克,哈白猪为15608千卡和634.8克。在本试验饲养水平下,民猪每窝平均产仔17.2头,存活仔猪15.2头,哈白猪为13.3头和11.5头。双月断乳时,民猪仔猪每头平均重13.91公斤,哈白猪仔猪每头平均重为15.7公斤。

Thirty-six caesarotomized piglets were artificially reared on different dietsto study their nutrient requirements at 1—5,5—10 and 10—20 kg liveweights.They were taken from five sows gnotobiotically and fed artificial milk replacer12 times a day for the first 6 days,gradually changing to a prestarter meal diet.At 21 days,three pelleted starter diets were compared,lot 1 with 3599.6 kcal/kg,24.33% CP,lot 2 with 3572.9 kcal and 22.93% CP and lot 3 with 3430 kcal and23.61% CP,containing 30,20 or 10% milk powder respectively.During...

Thirty-six caesarotomized piglets were artificially reared on different dietsto study their nutrient requirements at 1—5,5—10 and 10—20 kg liveweights.They were taken from five sows gnotobiotically and fed artificial milk replacer12 times a day for the first 6 days,gradually changing to a prestarter meal diet.At 21 days,three pelleted starter diets were compared,lot 1 with 3599.6 kcal/kg,24.33% CP,lot 2 with 3572.9 kcal and 22.93% CP and lot 3 with 3430 kcal and23.61% CP,containing 30,20 or 10% milk powder respectively.During the prestarter phase,average daily gains for lots 1 & 2 were 0.398±0.037 and 0.312±0.029 kg,faster than lot 3(0.303±0.014),(P<0.05).Feedcon-(?)ersion ratios were 1.130,1.481 for lots 1 & 2 with lot 3(1.854)significanylt less efficient.In terms of digestible energy(DE),lots 1 & 2 required 4.069 and5.290 Mcal per kg liveweight gain,also lower than lot 3(5.682).Based on digestionand metabolism trials,lots 1,2 and 3 consumed 1668.4±7.69,1680.3±12.27 kcalDE and 1616.9±12.25 and 1640.8±14.61 kcal ME respectively,all significantlymore than lot 3(1624.3±13.69 kcal DE and 1580.4±16.80 kcal ME).Digestibilityof nitrogen for lots 1 & 2(85.2% and 84.9%)were also higher than lot 3(83.0%).During the starter phase(10—20 kg),pigs were alloted to two lots,lot 1with 24 pigs was fed a diet with 10% milk powder,lot2(12 pigs)with none.Diet 1 contained 3430.2 kcal DE and 23.61% CP,Diet 2 contained 3419.9 kcaland 17.49% CP.As a result,lot 1 grew at a daily rate of 0.566±0.009 kg,lot2 at 0.472±0.014 kg(P<0.05),with corresponding conversion ratios of 1.733 vs1.969.Difference in energy digestibility between lots was not significant(83.02±0.891 vs 81.53±1.803).Nitrogen retention rate as percentage of N intake were50.41±1.907 and 41.79±4.850 for lots 1 & 2,and N retained of that digestedwere 60.72±1.92 and 51.10±5.354 respectively(P<0.05).Throughout the milk replacer,prestarter and starter phases,artificially rearedpiglets averaged 20.69±0.268 kg in liveweight or about 20.8% heavier than natu-rally nursed weaners.Lots 1 and 2 grew at 0.338±0.005 and 0.327±0.015 kg/day,which surpassed that stipulated in the NRC(1979 edi.)requirement(0.300 kg).Feed conversion efficiency was 4% 21.9% and 12.6% higher than NRC for thethree consecutive phases.Protein consumption was also less.Survival rate for the entire period was 100% They were reared in cages inphase 1,on elevated pens in phase and on the floor in phase 3 at thermal neutraltemperatures with nutritionally balanced diets under strict sanitary and prophy-lactic conditions.

本试验通过36头剖腹产仔猪行超早期人工哺育,并通过饲养和代谢试验,研究了1—5,5—10,10—20kg 体重阶段的营养需要量和五个饲粮配方的价值。选用五头三江白猪母猪,分娩前行剖腹取胎,按无菌操作要求进行断脐,编号,打牙,称重,编组。仔猪生后2小时内饲以人工代用初乳,7日龄后喂以人工乳和诱食料,人工乳日喂12次,每2小时一次,15天后日喂6次,每4小时一次,20天后停喂人工液态乳,改换干颗粒料喂饲,日喂6次,饮水6次。期间单笼舍饲,舍温范围分期控制在34~25℃之间。5—10公斤体重阶段,比较了三个开食料配方。三组消化能和粗蛋白质水平分别为:Ⅰ组—3599.6仟卡/kg;24.33%,Ⅱ组—3572.9仟卡/kg;22.93%,Ⅲ组—3430仟卡/kg;23.61%。Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ各配方中奶粉比例分别为30%,20%,10%。另外,第Ⅲ组的蛋白质来源豆饼比例较大。试验结果表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组本期日增重(0.398±0.037kg)、(0.312±0.029kg)比第Ⅲ组(0.303±0.014)快,P<0.05,差异显著。饲料效率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(1.130,1.481),比Ⅲ组(1.854)高。每公斤增重消化能...

本试验通过36头剖腹产仔猪行超早期人工哺育,并通过饲养和代谢试验,研究了1—5,5—10,10—20kg 体重阶段的营养需要量和五个饲粮配方的价值。选用五头三江白猪母猪,分娩前行剖腹取胎,按无菌操作要求进行断脐,编号,打牙,称重,编组。仔猪生后2小时内饲以人工代用初乳,7日龄后喂以人工乳和诱食料,人工乳日喂12次,每2小时一次,15天后日喂6次,每4小时一次,20天后停喂人工液态乳,改换干颗粒料喂饲,日喂6次,饮水6次。期间单笼舍饲,舍温范围分期控制在34~25℃之间。5—10公斤体重阶段,比较了三个开食料配方。三组消化能和粗蛋白质水平分别为:Ⅰ组—3599.6仟卡/kg;24.33%,Ⅱ组—3572.9仟卡/kg;22.93%,Ⅲ组—3430仟卡/kg;23.61%。Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ各配方中奶粉比例分别为30%,20%,10%。另外,第Ⅲ组的蛋白质来源豆饼比例较大。试验结果表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组本期日增重(0.398±0.037kg)、(0.312±0.029kg)比第Ⅲ组(0.303±0.014)快,P<0.05,差异显著。饲料效率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(1.130,1.481),比Ⅲ组(1.854)高。每公斤增重消化能消耗:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(4.069兆卡)、(5.290兆卡)比Ⅲ组(5.682兆卡)低。消化代谢试验表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组平均日采食消化能(1668.4±7.960仟卡)、(1680.3±12.269仟卡),代谢能(Ⅰ616.4±12.25仟卡)、(1640.8±14.61仟卡)均比第Ⅲ组消化能(1624.3±13.69仟卡),代谢能(1580.4±16.80仟卡)多,P<0.05,差异显著。N 的消化率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(85.2%,84.9%)高于第Ⅲ组(83.0%)。10—20公斤体重阶段,将动物分为二组,第Ⅰ组(24头)为10%奶粉组,第Ⅱ组(12头)为无奶粉组。10%奶粉饲粮含消化能3460.2仟卡/kg;和粗蛋白为23.61%,无奶粉组饲粮消化能为3419.9仟卡/kg 和粗蛋白17.49%。试验结果:10%奶粉组日增重为0.566±0.009kg,无奶粉组为0.472±0.014kg,P<0.05。饲料效率相应为1.733:1.969,以前者为优。组间能量消化量差异不显著,P>0.05。N 的消化率:Ⅰ组为83.02±0.891,Ⅱ组为81.53±1.803。沉积 N/食入 N 比例,第Ⅰ组为50.41±1.917,Ⅱ组为41.79±4.850,可消化蛋白质利用率,Ⅰ组(60.72±1.920)也显著高于第Ⅱ组(51.10±5 354),p<0.05。通过1—5kg,5—10kg,10—20kg 各期人工初乳,人工乳,开食料连续配合使用,构成1—60天的全期试验结果。试验猪全期增重速度较快。58—60天达到20.69±0.263kg,比常态母猪哺育仔猪(16.0:20.69kg)快20.8%,三组之中,Ⅰ、Ⅱ组全期平均日增重0.338±0.005kg,0.327±0.015kg,赶上了 NRC 标准规定(0.300kg)速度。饲料消耗量低于 NRC 标准约10%,而饲料效率则高于标准规定值:第一期高4%,第二期高21.9%,第三期高12.6%。每公斤增重的能量消耗与标准比较,分别为:每一期4.67:4.425兆卡,第二期三组各为4.069,5.290,5.681:5.833兆卡,第三期5.202:6.740兆卡。蛋白质消耗也低于标准。此次超早期断奶人工哺育试验,达到了100%育成率,仔猪发育整齐,匀称,有活力并有较高增重速度、低消耗和高效率。上述结果也与此次试验采用瘦肉型猪种,在小规模范围内,高度集约化笼养,高床饲养,适温控制,饲料糖化,颗粒化,严格卫生,防疫等重要措施有关。

 
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