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当量荷载     
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  equivalent load
     The Origin of Equivalent Load Length——0 78 rh in the Analysis of Stiffener Ring of Penstock
     压力钢管加劲环“当量荷载长度”0.78rh~(1/2)的由来
短句来源
     3. A method named equivalent load of cut-down plastic stress was put forward, which extended the above two-node spatial non-linear thin-walled hybrid beam element to material non-linear field. The plastic constructive equation suited for thin-walled box beam was derived, the increment of plastic cut-down stress and its resultant, the plastic cut-down stress and its resultant were formulated. The calculation steps were listed out.
     3、提出了塑性削减应力当量荷载法,将上述两节点空间几何非线性薄壁箱梁单元发展到材料非线性问题,推导了适用于薄壁箱梁的弹塑性本构关系,塑性削减应力增量及其当量荷载增量、塑性削减应力及其当量荷载的计算公式,列出了计算步骤和计算方法。
短句来源
     The method simplifies calculation by translates the impairment of structure rigidity, caused by plasticity, into an equivalent load.
     该法将塑性引起的结构刚度的削弱转化为当量荷载,简化了计算;
短句来源
     For a curved girder bridge there are practically two equivalent load distributions, the one is applicable for determining the bending moment of girder, and the other for computing the torsional moment and angle as well as the deflection of girder.
     分析表明,对于T字形和I字形主梁的曲线梁桥,基本上有两个当量荷载横向分布影响线,其一适用于主梁弯矩,另一适用于主梁扭矩和扭转角与挠度;
短句来源
  analogical loads
     Calculation of Analogical Loads for Prestressed Concrete Structures
     预应力混凝土结构的当量荷载计算
短句来源
     For structures with varying sections along the member within the region reinforcedwith a continuous prestressing tendon, and the effect of post-tensioning prestress on structures be-ing substituted equally by analogical loads, the suggested method will be simple and the results accurate.
     对于沿连续布置预应力筋范围内构件截面有变化的结构,用当量荷载等代预应力效应,计算方法简捷,计算结果正确。
短句来源
  “当量荷载”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In this article four cases are demonstrated, and the formula 0 78rh interpreted as the equivalcnt load length of internal water pressure shared by unit width of stiffener ring. In addition, equations in different cases and formulas of stress analysis are given.
     本文分四种情况进行论证,阐明0.78 rh 的含义是,单宽加劲环分担的内水压力的“当量荷载长度”,并给出不同情况的表达式和内力分析公式。
短句来源
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  equivalent loads
We observed that the same normal grip force was used for equivalent loads generated by changes of mass, gravity or acceleration despite the fact that these loads required different motor commands to move the arm.
      
Thus, the total amount of work performed was significantly higher, and the work pulse on equivalent loads significantly lower during the summer than during the autumn.
      
The technique replaces the unknown peripheral forces and moments by a system of local statically equivalent loads.
      
A constitutively expressed protein visualized with Ponceau S is shown to verify equivalent loads.
      
A nonlinear response optimization problem is converted to a linear response optimization with equivalent loads.
      
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  the equal loading
After stripping of the probe, the same blots were reprobed with 18S rRNA gene to examine the equal loading.
      
After UV crosslinking analysis, the membranes were stained with Coomassie blue to verify the equal loading of protein in each lane.
      
Coomassie staining verified the equal loading and integrity of the various fusion proteins.
      
GAPDH was used as an internal standard to confirm the equal loading in each experiment and amplified from the same cDNAs.
      
Parallel immunoblotting for -actin was used to verify the equal loading of cell lysates.
      
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  equivalent load
The equivalent load approach is employed to implement the effect of prestressing tendon.
      
By using the principle of virtual work, the formula to compute the equivalent load vector of the initial stress was derived.
      
The algorithm alternates between the vibration analysis and static analysis to find the equivalent load vector and modify the stiffnesses.
      
One month after osteotomy the load force through the fixator in groups 1 and 2 was more than 20%, whereas the equivalent load force in group 3 was only about 5%.
      
The approach is based on using modal analysis to determine the equivalent load on the beam, then linear elastic fracture mechanics is used to calculate stress intensity factors (SIF).
      
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By considering the curved multi-girder bridge as a girder system and assuming the stiffness of diaphragms to be uniformly distributed, the load distribution was analysed according to the classical statically indeterminate structural theory, as it had been previously done by the author in 1983, 1987 for straight girder bridges and arch bridges. The concept of "equivalent distributed load" was introduced. For a curved girder bridge there are practically two equivalent load distributions, the one is applicable...

By considering the curved multi-girder bridge as a girder system and assuming the stiffness of diaphragms to be uniformly distributed, the load distribution was analysed according to the classical statically indeterminate structural theory, as it had been previously done by the author in 1983, 1987 for straight girder bridges and arch bridges. The concept of "equivalent distributed load" was introduced. For a curved girder bridge there are practically two equivalent load distributions, the one is applicable for determining the bending moment of girder, and the other for computing the torsional moment and angle as well as the deflection of girder. The developed method was checked by the results of a model test.

本文将曲线梁桥作为曲线梁系,应用力法分析其荷载横向分布。引进“当量竖荷载”的概念,得到与直线梁桥和直线拱桥一致的应用竖荷载横向分布影响线的实用计算方法。分析表明,对于T字形和I字形主梁的曲线梁桥,基本上有两个当量荷载横向分布影响线,其一适用于主梁弯矩,另一适用于主梁扭矩和扭转角与挠度;二者的差别在于当量荷载中所含的扭矩荷载分量的多寡不同,梁轴曲率愈小,差别也愈小。

In this paper, a method for calculating the analogical loads, i. e. equivalent loads for equallysubstituting the effect of prestressing in members with varying sections, caused by post-tensioningis presented. Both the formulas for calculating analogical loads as well as equivalent loads caused bypost-tensioning are derived. Both the differences and relations between these two kinds of loads areelucidated. For structures with varying sections along the member within the region reinforcedwith a continuous prestressing...

In this paper, a method for calculating the analogical loads, i. e. equivalent loads for equallysubstituting the effect of prestressing in members with varying sections, caused by post-tensioningis presented. Both the formulas for calculating analogical loads as well as equivalent loads caused bypost-tensioning are derived. Both the differences and relations between these two kinds of loads areelucidated. For structures with varying sections along the member within the region reinforcedwith a continuous prestressing tendon, and the effect of post-tensioning prestress on structures be-ing substituted equally by analogical loads, the suggested method will be simple and the results accurate.

本文提出了后张预应力在混凝土结构中产生的当量荷载的计算方法。推导了等代预应力对结构作用的等效荷载和当量荷载,揭示了等效荷载与当量荷载的区别与联系。对于沿连续布置预应力筋范围内构件截面有变化的结构,用当量荷载等代预应力效应,计算方法简捷,计算结果正确。

In this article four cases are demonstrated, and the formula 0 78rh interpreted as the equivalcnt load length of internal water pressure shared by unit width of stiffener ring. In addition, equations in different cases and formulas of stress analysis are given. The classification of the effect of the adjacent stiffener ring and its values is suggested as well.

本文分四种情况进行论证,阐明0.78 rh 的含义是,单宽加劲环分担的内水压力的“当量荷载长度”,并给出不同情况的表达式和内力分析公式。建议了相邻加劲环影响的分类及其参考值。

 
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