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The 75th Birthday of Martin Ekabovich Beker, Academician of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
      
On the 80th Birthday of Aleksei Mikhailovich Bezborodov
      
Congratulations to professor Uldis Ernestovich Viesturs on his birthday
      
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The 75th Birthday of Martin Ekabovich Beker, Academician of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
      
On the 80th Birthday of Aleksei Mikhailovich Bezborodov
      
The 80th Birthday of Aleksandr Arkad'evich Krasovskii
      
The 100th Birthday of Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Andronov
      
Dedicated to Academician Aleksandr Arkad'evich Krasovskii on His 80th Birthday
      
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Professor Pei Wenzhong (1904-1982) was a famous paleolithic archaeologist and paleontologist. He graduated from the Department of Geology of Peking University in 1927 and joined the excavation at Zhoukoudian in 1928. He had been responsible for excavation from 1929-1935. During that time, localities 1, 3, 15, 13 and the Upper Cave were being excavated under his leadership. From October of 1935 to July of 1937 he studied prehistoric archaeology with H. Breuil in Paris and got Ph. D. from the University of Paris...

Professor Pei Wenzhong (1904-1982) was a famous paleolithic archaeologist and paleontologist. He graduated from the Department of Geology of Peking University in 1927 and joined the excavation at Zhoukoudian in 1928. He had been responsible for excavation from 1929-1935. During that time, localities 1, 3, 15, 13 and the Upper Cave were being excavated under his leadership. From October of 1935 to July of 1937 he studied prehistoric archaeology with H. Breuil in Paris and got Ph. D. from the University of Paris (France) in June, 1937. Then he returned to Beijing and was in charge of affairs of the Cenozoic Research Laboratory of the Geological Survey where he continued to study stone artifacts and mammalian fossils from some localities in Zhoukoudian region up to the end of 1941. During 1928-1941 or in the early stage of the Zhoukoudian excavation, he worked hard himself and got a number of research results. This paper briefly describes Prof. Pei's main contributions to prehistoric archaeology through the reviewing of his works, in the early stage of Zhoukoudian excavation and commemorates the 90th anniversary of his birthday. He found the first skull of Sinanthropus po4inensis (Homo crectus at Zhoukoudian). The discovery of Sinanthropus pekinensis proved significant in the paleoanthropology. In the same year; he began to study and collect the cultural relics. He gathered the clearly burned and partly burned mammalian bones and antlers which were usually broken. In 1930 he found the stone artifacts from the lower cave of locality 1. From Q2 of Gezitang (Kotzetang) cave of Loc. 1 was excayated a lot of remains of fire using and many stone artifacts made of quartz and other kinds of rocks were encountered by him in 1931. Because the remains of fire using and stone artifacts were with the human fossils found archaeologists believe that locality 1 is a very significant paleolithic cultural site which revealed that the beginning of fire using by human beings had started in the early paleolithic age, instead of middle paleolithic age (Mousterian). Prof. Pei's works indicate Sinanthropus is a primitive man who knew how to make stone artifacts and used fire. He pointed out "it becomes evident therefore that in north eastern Asia at this remote ageman asrepresented by Sinanthroput, both knew the use of fire and had already mastered the technique of the manufacture of crude stone artifacts" in the first paper on the studying of stone artifacts made by Sinanthropus published in 1931. Due to the discovery of the remains of fire using and stone artifacts Prof. Pei went on the reform of the excavation method at Zhoukoudian in 1932. He abolished the previously paleontological excavation method and adopted the archaeological excavation one. Till 1934 a series of standard process and recording method in the excavation at Zhoukoudian were established under his direction. The working methods which were used in excavation at Zhoukoudian in the early stage of the 1930's are considered in the leading method in the prehistoric circle at that time. Until 1938 many stone artifacts and other cultural relics from different sites and different stages, such as localities: 1, 15, 13,4, 3 and Upper Cave hava been found in Zhoukoudian region. On the basis of the materials from the sites mentioned and other paleolithic cultural remains from North China, he had primarily established the first paleolithic cultural sequence in China in 1939: the early paleolithic stage (representing localities 13 and 1 at Zhoukoudian); the late stage of early paleolithic or early stage of the middle paleolithic (localities 15 and 3); the middle paleolithic or late stage of the middle paleolithic ("Ordos Culture") and the late paleolithic (Upper Cave Culture). According to the paleolithic materials found in North China, Prof. Pei first recognized that the paleolithic industry in China has some distinguishing features,subsequently, he made a comparative study of paleolithic industry between China and Europe and he pointed out that the paleolithic industry between Eas

今年是著名的史前考古学家、第四纪哺乳动物学家裴文中教授诞辰90周年。裴文中教授的研究兴趣甚广,本文仅从周口店早期工作这一侧面来探讨先生对中国旧石器时代考古学乃至对世界史前学的贡献,以志纪念。由于先生刻苦学习,认真工作,潜心研究。求知创新,在中国旧石器时代考古学方法论上和研究思想等方面提出了一系列有指导性的意见,为周口店地点群在史前学中的科学地位奠定了坚实的基础,也使他成为埋藏学研究的先驱和中国旧石器时代考古学的奠基人。

Professor Li Ji was one of founders of archeology and the first anthropologist in China. He worked all his life for archcological study in China, wtote many papers and books and had maily Pupils. Though his contribution was mainly refleCted in the excavation of the Shang sites in Anyang from 1929 to 1937 and the study of cultural remains from the Shang sites from that bine through 1979, he reaped rich fruits in other parts of the areheological research in China, for example, he also did important works in the...

Professor Li Ji was one of founders of archeology and the first anthropologist in China. He worked all his life for archcological study in China, wtote many papers and books and had maily Pupils. Though his contribution was mainly refleCted in the excavation of the Shang sites in Anyang from 1929 to 1937 and the study of cultural remains from the Shang sites from that bine through 1979, he reaped rich fruits in other parts of the areheological research in China, for example, he also did important works in the realm of the Paleolithic archeological research. Professor Pei Wenchong said that: "it is difficult to study stone artifacts discovered from toe. 1 at Zhoukoudian, I began to learn archeology and learn from Professor Li Ji at first" (Pei, 1934). The excavation process in toe.1 at Zhoukoudinn was reformed in 1932. The new excavation adopted a method including a combination of test ditch and test square. This method had been used in the excavation of early stage in Shang sites in Anyand under the supervision of professor Li Ji. When Upper Cave was excavated in 1933 Professor Pei adopted other excavation method which was formulated and named as "three dimension sauce record process" by Professor Li Ji and was used at first time in 1926 in excavation of the Neolithic site at Xiyin village of Xia County, Shanxi Province. In addition, Li Ji had contributed interesting ideas to the study of Zhoukoudianian culture. In the Present Paper ProfeSsor Li Ji's ide story is briefly introduced for helping the readers to know the historic background on which he gained the great achievements in the field of archeology.

李济先生是中国考古学的奠基人,中国第一位人类学家。他毕生从事考古学研究,著作等身,桃李满天下。他的功绩主要体现在安阳殷墟的发掘与研究上,考古学的其他方面亦建树甚丰.本文仅就李先生在中国旧石器考古草创时期,特别是在周口店本世纪30年代初发掘方法改革中的贡献等方面作简要的介绍,以此纪念李济先生诞辰100周年。为使读者了解他取得巨大成就的历史背景,对其生平亦作点录。

This year,2000, is 1000th anniversary of Li Jinfa's birth, who was a famous poet of symbolism in the 1920s. Many comments, for good or bad, have been making on his poems, which were called diffcult riddles. he was also regarded as an elusive poet. whereas, all agree that Li Jinfa pioneered China's poem of symbolism, With recond in details, this passage analyses the immaturity of Li's poem and its reasons, going a comment on the long-fogotter poet from this aspect.

2000年,是中国初期象征派诗人李金发诞辰100周年。近一个世纪以来人们对李金发其诗其人的评价褒贬不一,毁誉参半。其诗曾经被称为“难猜的笨谜”,其人被冠以“诗怪”的称号。但有一点却是大家所公认的:李金发是中国初期象征派诗歌的开创者。本文用详尽的资料、细致地分析了李金发诗的不成熟性,指出这种不成熟性的原因。对这位曾长期被人们所遗忘的诗人从一个侧面作出评价。

 
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