In the benzoquinone/ethylene glycol/water/sulphric acid system, the proton exchange effect between the benzoquinone radical and proton in the solution was observed.

In the previous paper of the authors, it has been concluded that ~6Li has obvious d+α cluster structure and the exchange effect connecting with α cluster may be neglected. In the present work, using the above results, the d+~6Li elastic scattering phaseshifts and differential scattering cross sections are calculated.

In this paper, based on the s -d exchange effect model by the use of green'sfunction calculated by Yosuke Nagaoka we studied the anomalous properties ofquosi-electron in a Cu -Mn dilute magnetic alloy with 0.075at% Mn.

The phase shifts and differential cross sections of n+~6Li elastic scattering are calculated and the d+α cluster structure in ~6Li and the exchange effects in n+~6Li scattering states are studied by the QRGM which is a RGM with omitting the antisymmetrization with the nucleons in α cluster.

The influences of polarization and exchange effects on the slow electron scattering process have been discussed. The estimation has also been carried out for the critical energy and the critical angle where total spin polarization of the incident electrons may be expected after the elastic scattering by argon atom.

In accordance with the physical model and the simple,effective calculation approach,taking into account of the electronic exchange rate which effects the sole electron in excited state,the energy of atom Li(1s 24s) 2S 1/2 excited state is given.

In chiral SU(3) quark model, the mechanisms for short range interaction is OGE, and in the extended chiral SU(3) quark model,the mechanisms for short range interaction is vector meson exchange.

The charge exchange effect is of importance for the formation of the resulting gas flow.

The influence of the exchange effect and the choice of gauge on the calculated values of photoionization cross sections is examined.

A ligand-exchange effect was evidenced in the separation of some diamines, α-amino acids and carboxylic acids.

It is then possible to analyse the ultrasonic waves propagation under high magnetic fields in terms of three main magnetic contributions, namely an isotropic exchange effect, an anisotropic morphic effect and a field dependent Simon effect.

The Triple Differential Cross-Sections for ionisation of hydrogen atom bye± impact are calculated including exchange effect.

The effective short-range pseudopotential exhibits strong temperature dependence due to exchange effects.

It is concluded that the bound state of the 12Be nucleus owes its origin to the impact of exchange effects on the operator of the kinetic energy of the relative motion of the neutron and the 11Be nucleus.

The model includes both dipole-dipole interaction of adatoms and broadening of their quasi-levels due to exchange effects.

This formula, being logarithmically accurate, is derived from the approximate rule of sum that does not take into account exchange effects in the atomic wave function (Hartree approximation).

It is shown that exchange effects can be neglected in that scattered electron energy range where the first Born approximation is valid.

We derived the gyromagnetic permeability of an antiferromagnet. From the Maxwell equations combined with the permeability we solved for the plane wave solution of the electromagnetic oscillations in an antiferromagnetic medium of infinite extension. Both the exchange effect of the medium and the relativistic effect of the wave propagation were included in this treatment. We calculated the dispersion of waves and obtained a rough estimation for their penetration depth in the medium.

The ground state of ~6Li is investigated by means of the projected variational method for double well-cluster shell model. The results of the variational calculation show that the root-mean-square radius of d-cluster in the ground state of ~6Li is smaller than that of free deuteron and as the mean distance between the a-cluster and the d-cluster decreases there are two effects on the d-cluster, namely contraction effect in which the d-cluster contracts first and then makes a bit extension and deformation effect...

The ground state of ~6Li is investigated by means of the projected variational method for double well-cluster shell model. The results of the variational calculation show that the root-mean-square radius of d-cluster in the ground state of ~6Li is smaller than that of free deuteron and as the mean distance between the a-cluster and the d-cluster decreases there are two effects on the d-cluster, namely contraction effect in which the d-cluster contracts first and then makes a bit extension and deformation effect in which the d-cluster makes oblation first and then streteches.

In the q-q phenomenologicai potential, intermediate potential kr e-r/ai is introduced. It is argued that N-N force is determined by both quark exchange effect potential and one pion exchange potential. Central N-N potentials of the four channels are calculated. The results can explain short range and saturation of nuclear forces, and in even channels there are still stronger attractions. The extremum value of TE channel N-//potential is found to be .-Sl.SMeV. The resulting curves are compared with Reid and Tamagaki...

In the q-q phenomenologicai potential, intermediate potential kr e-r/ai is introduced. It is argued that N-N force is determined by both quark exchange effect potential and one pion exchange potential. Central N-N potentials of the four channels are calculated. The results can explain short range and saturation of nuclear forces, and in even channels there are still stronger attractions. The extremum value of TE channel N-//potential is found to be .-Sl.SMeV. The resulting curves are compared with Reid and Tamagaki phenomenologicai potentials.