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精神病学     
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  psychiatry
     Psychiatry of germany in the 19th century
     19世纪的德国精神病学
短句来源
     Results:Average score on intoxication emergency (78.615.3) was significantly higher than those on psychiatry (69.715.2) and suicidology (45.215.0) (P<0.01).
     结果:问卷3个部分(自杀、中毒急救及精神病学)平均得分显示,中毒急救知识最高(78.6±15.3)分,其次为精神病学知识(69.7±15.2)分,自杀相关知识平均得分最低(45.2±15.0)分,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The Challenges to Biological Psychiatry in 21th Century
     21世纪生物精神病学面临的挑战
短句来源
     The General Survey of Methodological Study of Contemporary Psychiatry
     当代精神病学方法论研究概观
短句来源
     Application and experience of multimedia technology in psychiatry teaching
     精神病学多媒体教学的应用和体会
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  pathergasiology
     Problems of Computer Applied in Pathergasiology and solutions
     计算机在精神病学应用中存在的问题及解决对策
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  “精神病学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     ResultsEighty one victims of 156 (51. 92% ) fulfilled the criteria for PTSD (ICD - 10) , including males 41 (44. 57% ) and females 40 (62. 5% ).
     因RTA申请伤残等级鉴定的156例被调查对象,经临床精神病学检查,符合ICD-10诊断标准者81例,PTSD发生率为51.92%,其中男性41例(44.57%),女性40例(62.5%)。
短句来源
     The authors of these cited articles were from 25 provinces and municipalities, in which Beijing (460; 24.7%), Shanghai (253; 13.6%) and Jiangsu Province (226; 12.1%) were the top three provinces in psychiatric research.
     被引作者群的地域分布于25个省、自治区和直辖市,其中北京(460次,24·7%)、上海(253次,13·6%)、江苏(226次,12·1%)在精神病学研究领域中居于前列。
短句来源
     Psychiatric symptom of the testees in the last week was detected with symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90), using 1-5 points rating sale, 1 as none, 2 as mild, 3 as moderate, 4 as severe and 5 as more severe.
     应用症状自评量表评定被测人员1周以来的精神病学症状,采用1~5级评分,1=无,2=轻度,3=中度,4=相当重,5=严重。
短句来源
     Method:Retrospectively investigated and analyzed the clinical data of the patients(n=185) who were accepted the forensic assessment because of brain injury.
     方法:对185例颅脑损伤患者的司法精神病学鉴定资料进行回顾性分析,颅脑损伤诊断按照病史资料和颅脑CT/MRI确定;
短句来源
     Mental hygiene for women
     妇女精神卫生 绝经的精神病学侧面
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  psychiatry
However, a modern social psychiatry has not only to overcome technical, organisational and financial difficulties but also to deal with the problems of our own personal attitudes towards this group of patients.
      
Accepted clinical notions in psychiatry have been derived largely from the study of mental hospital case-material which, however, may be unrepresentative because of the selective factors influencing hospital admission.
      
Current developments in social psychiatry in Poland
      
Case registers are a relatively new tool for research in the field of psychiatry.
      
Problems of definition and classification in psychiatry and the impact of mental illness on the individual and the community pose unique problems for psychiatric register studies.
      
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There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients...

There are diverse opinions concerning the exact position of the psychotic hysteria in the psychiatric classification. Thus, 314 cases of psychotic hysteria admitted into our hospital during the period of September 1958 to March 1967 were analyzed. The male/female ratio was 1:4.6. Half of the patients had onset of the disease when they were 26-40 years old; 64% had character traits of over-anthusiasm and/or narrowmindedness. Only 1.56% had family history of mental disorder. According to symptomatology, the patients might be classified into: (1) Hysterical psychomotor excitment state (exaltation or maniac condition). (2) Hysterical psychomotor inhibited state (stupor or depression). (3) Hysterical confusion state (delirium, oneirism, consciousness, twilight state, fugue or duplicated personality). (4) Hysterical dementia (puerilism, pseudodementia or Ganser's syndrome). (5) Hysterical hallucinatory paranoid state (hallucination and/or delusion). The clinic manifestations were variable, complex and complicated, so it was not able to establish a certain model form. About half of the patients were accompanied with hysterical somatic symptoms and disturbance of consciousness; 15% of them showed amnesic syndrome. Their psychotic symptoms usually disappeared rapidly after treatment, yet responsed not so well to the suggestive therapy. If repeated attacks occurred in the course of disease, the rate of complete recovery tended to be lowered. As to prognosis, 37% of the patients could not be restored to their original work capacity. 140 cases were followed for 11-20 years after discharge from the hospital and no one case turned to become another psychotic disease. It is recognized, therefore, that psychotic hysteria is a special clinical type of hysteria and it should be classified as a definite psychiatric disease entity.

精神病型歇斯底里能否在精神病学分类中占有地位,历来存有争议。木文通过对314例患者分析,提示:男女之比1∶4.6,半数壮年发病,64%患者性格热情量窄,有家族史者仅1.59%,发病均有诱因。本组重点归纳的五大类临床精神症状错综复杂,无模式可立;约半数病例伴歇斯底里躯体症状及意识障碍;15%呈现遗忘症状群。精神症状治疗奏效迅速,所需药量小。但不因暗示而缓解,反复发作,彻底缓解减少,工作效能预后不太乐观。通过本文资料,我们确认该症是歇斯底里的一种特殊类型,应为一个客观存在之疾病单元。

210 criminal cases submitted to forensic psychiatric assessment were analyzed. Among 210 assessed subjects, 173 (82.4%) were defendants and 37 (17.6%) were victims. Crimes committed by 173 assessed defendants included homicide (59.4%), politic aggression (6.9%), raps (6.4%), stealing (6.4%), hurt (5.8%), arson (4.0%), robbery (2.3%), rogue (2.3), and others (3.5%). Among 173 defendants, 47 were assessed as schizophrenia, 11 paraniod psychosis, 2 affective psychosis, 12 epileptic disorders, 40 other psychoses,...

210 criminal cases submitted to forensic psychiatric assessment were analyzed. Among 210 assessed subjects, 173 (82.4%) were defendants and 37 (17.6%) were victims. Crimes committed by 173 assessed defendants included homicide (59.4%), politic aggression (6.9%), raps (6.4%), stealing (6.4%), hurt (5.8%), arson (4.0%), robbery (2.3%), rogue (2.3), and others (3.5%). Among 173 defendants, 47 were assessed as schizophrenia, 11 paraniod psychosis, 2 affective psychosis, 12 epileptic disorders, 40 other psychoses, 18 mental retardation, 2 neurosis, 16 personality disorders, 2 acute drunkenness, and 23 without mental disorders. Among 37 victims, 16 were assessed as mental retardation, 4 Schizophrenia, 5 affective psychosis, 4 neurosis, and 1 without mental disorders. 78.4% victims were raped. As for responsibility of the defendants, 41.0% were assessed as no responsibility, 23.9% limited responsibility, and 35.1% full responsibility.The follow up results showed high agreement between the conclusions of forensic assessment and the sentences of courts.

作者对210例司法精神病学鉴定案例进行分析。该组刑事案例以凶杀居首位,被鉴定人以患精神分裂症为多。鉴定结论评为无责任能力者占41.6%。案件中受害者以精神发育迟缓、正处于发病期的精神分裂症或情感性精神病的女性患者(78.4%)被奸污为多。经随访司法部门的最后处理结果和我们的鉴定结论意见较为一致。

The present paper deals with about cight years survey of psychiatric consultation of 238 cases in general hospital, among which, 72.3% of internal service is mostly invoved. The prevalent diagnoses are symptomatic psychosis which may not accomparied by unconsciousness. The analysis of the causes of misdiagnoses suggests that the present consultation form can not keep up with the development of modern medicine. Therefore, in general hospital, it is necessary to set up department of psychiatry and to develop consultation-liaison...

The present paper deals with about cight years survey of psychiatric consultation of 238 cases in general hospital, among which, 72.3% of internal service is mostly invoved. The prevalent diagnoses are symptomatic psychosis which may not accomparied by unconsciousness. The analysis of the causes of misdiagnoses suggests that the present consultation form can not keep up with the development of modern medicine. Therefore, in general hospital, it is necessary to set up department of psychiatry and to develop consultation-liaison psychiatry

通过住院病人精神科会诊238例分析,发现内科请会诊最多,为172例(72.3%).精神科诊断中,以症状性精神病最多,其精神症状的发生可与基础疾病不平行,且无意识障碍者较多.误诊原因等分析,反映了综合医院中目前会诊形式已不能满足现代医学发展的需要,应当在综合医院中建立精神科并有必要发展会诊一联络精神病学.

 
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