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Using nursed shoots to transplant sugar cane is the traditional experience of Chinese peasants. Generally, they employ it to supply planting materials when the field is damaged by pests or diseases while in some other sugar cane growing areas it is used for direct planting. We have investigated and summarized their experience since 1955; we started our field tests to use as intercrop in wheat rows 20 days before the maturation of wheat from 1972. Preliminary examinations showed that the youngest nursed shoots...

Using nursed shoots to transplant sugar cane is the traditional experience of Chinese peasants. Generally, they employ it to supply planting materials when the field is damaged by pests or diseases while in some other sugar cane growing areas it is used for direct planting. We have investigated and summarized their experience since 1955; we started our field tests to use as intercrop in wheat rows 20 days before the maturation of wheat from 1972. Preliminary examinations showed that the youngest nursed shoots that just protruded from the leaf transpired less water, set new roots easier and survived to transplant. Although, the yield of wheat crop increased about 10% because of avoiding physical damage daring intercroping and improvement in cultivation; the yield of sugar cane remained unaffected. This is due to the adverse shading of wheat that checked the growth of nursed shoots. The experiments in comparison with different ages of transplanting indicated that nursed shoots at about five leaves and branching stages obtained higher yield by 20%. Because of earlier planting, the sugar content also increased. Later on, nursing shoots raised on the seed bed, transplanting to the field, and the comparison with bud-chops, one eye, or two eyes pieces for seed materials were studied. Besides, the earlier dates of planting that gave comparatively early harvesting, one more winter crop may be planted in the field that ratooning was not practiced. From our five years of investiga tions yield of sugar cane increased, more crops could be planted and soil tertility also maintained well. It is recommended that sugar cane production area with dense population requires intensive use of the land is suitable to develop this system of sugar cane growing. Such system is deemed a good cultural practice in China today. This paper presented here is but a simple synopsis of all investigations in field experiments.

通过五年六次对比试验进一步肯定了甘蔗育苗移栽的增产效果和糖份的提高情况。分析了增产的原因和各个增产因素之间的相互关系。研究了有关加速返青的一些育苗和移栽的技术措施,阐述了这些技术措施的理由和作用。实践证明,甘蔗育苗移栽,使冬种小麦多收10%以上,便于小麦采用先进技术和高产晚熟品种增加的产量还未计在内。对甘蔗本身可增产10—50%,由于相对地提早成熟而增加了蔗糖的收回率,还节省了蔗种20—70%(芽片育苗的节省更多)。目前在仙游县推广约二万亩,全省推广约十万亩,并在全国蔗区大力推广。

Natural meteorological factors such as temperature photoperiod,and rainfall etc,have great effects on the sugar contents of sugarcane.But,as to which factor that is fluemces the sugar contents most,is remains as a problem with contratic opinions. There exists during the rip(?)ning procers of sugarcane with a certain limiting factor that really influences the amout of sugar content.If such enviromental factor is lacking,such factor is considered as the limiting factor. As sugarcane is planted in various districts...

Natural meteorological factors such as temperature photoperiod,and rainfall etc,have great effects on the sugar contents of sugarcane.But,as to which factor that is fluemces the sugar contents most,is remains as a problem with contratic opinions. There exists during the rip(?)ning procers of sugarcane with a certain limiting factor that really influences the amout of sugar content.If such enviromental factor is lacking,such factor is considered as the limiting factor. As sugarcane is planted in various districts with quite different giographical conditions,the meteorological conditions are changing all the time.Variations do exist in different districts.In this paper,we selected five districts in Fujian province locating from the middle to the somethere part of the province,so as to study the effects of environmental factors.The (?)cal physiological p(?)ri(?)d of ripening is September.This period is very sensitive to envir(?)mental conditions.Any change of day length,rainfall,or typhon may affect s(?) contents of the crop disten(?)tly.

本文以相关分析和方差分析,研究闽中闽南蔗区甘蔗蔗糖份和成熟期间自然气象要素的关系。认定甘蔗工艺成熟的九、十月份,是由茎叶伸长生长为主,转入蔗糖份积累为主、关键性的生理转析时期。在自然情况下,对蔗糖份积累起限制性作用的气象要素,是日照时数和雨量。81/82年榨季,闽中(仙游)、闽南(泉州、漳州、厦门、云霄)五个糖厂蔗区的全榨季平均甘蔗蔗糖份的降低,和工艺成熟期间发生自然气象要素的异常程度相一致。确认蔗糖份下降,起主导作用的,是气象要素的异常。本文还提出五个糖厂蔗区的全榨季平均甘蔗蔗糖份的正常变化范围,以供查明正常与异常年份之参考。

In previous paper(Zhou Keyong and Jiang Heji,1983),we have report- ed the natural meteorological factors such as temperature,sunlight and rain- fall etc.have great effect on the sucrose content in sugarcane at ripening stage of 1981-1982 milling season,and compared with the situation of 1980-1981. Subsequently,the relations between meteorological factors and sucrose content in sugarcane have also been investigated at ripening stages of 1982- 1983 and 1983-1984,respectively. It may be now ascertained that sucrose...

In previous paper(Zhou Keyong and Jiang Heji,1983),we have report- ed the natural meteorological factors such as temperature,sunlight and rain- fall etc.have great effect on the sucrose content in sugarcane at ripening stage of 1981-1982 milling season,and compared with the situation of 1980-1981. Subsequently,the relations between meteorological factors and sucrose content in sugarcane have also been investigated at ripening stages of 1982- 1983 and 1983-1984,respectively. It may be now ascertained that sucrose content in sugarcane descending during 1981-1982 and 1982-1983 crop season,respectively;while it ascend- ing during 1983-1984,but less still than that of 1980-1981.These are all influenced by meteorological factors.Especially,among meteorological factors the sunlight at the ripening stage is an essential one,then day-night temperature differential and rainfall etc..

本文以方差分析研究闽中、闽南蔗区82/83年和83/84年两个榨季甘蔗蔗糖份和成熟期间自然气象要素的关系。闽中(仙游)和闽南(泉州、漳州、厦门、云霄)五个糖厂的全榨季平均甘蔗蔗糖份,82/83年榨季再次下降和83/84年榨季全面回升与工艺成熟期间自然气象要素的异常和好转十分默契,再次确认起主导作用的是气象要素。本文还简略地讨论了预防或减轻异常气象要素对甘蔗蔗糖份不利影响的技术措施。

 
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