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皮桥
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  skin bridge
     Clinical Observation in Lateral Stripping-Medial Ligation Combining Skin Bridge Plastic Operation in Treatment of Severe Circumferential Mixed Hemorrhoids
     外剥内扎加皮桥整形术治疗重度环肛混合痔的临床观察
短句来源
     Methods 12 patients with soft tissue defects at the foot dorsum,heel and ankle were treated with the distally based reverse neurovascular fascial flaps pedicled with the sural superficial nerve in which the small saphenous vein were selectively ligated and skin bridge was kept in the shape of the pear on the site of the pedicel.
     方法对12例足跟部、踝部及足背软组织缺损,采用选择性结扎小隐静脉及蒂部保留梨形皮桥,带腓肠神经营养血管蒂岛状皮瓣逆行转位修复。
短句来源
     Conclusion:The lateral stripping-medial ligation combining skin bridge plastic operation have higher clinical practical values in treatment of severe circumferential mixed hemorrhoid.
     结论外剥内扎加皮桥整形术治疗重度环肛混合痔有较高临床实用价值。
短句来源
  “皮桥”译为未确定词的双语例句
     For each of the interoexternal hemorrhoids 3~5 parts were segmentalized for intersection permutation ligation on different plane with ATZ retained. Remained intervening mucosa and skin flap were network structure.
     对内外痔各分为3~ 5个部位交叉排列式贯穿结扎 ,结扎点在不同平面上 ,术中尽量保留淡蓝色的 ATZ,使痔结扎点之间保留的粘膜桥与皮桥呈网状。
短句来源
     Methods From June 1998to December 2000,eight cases of soft tissue defects or unstable scars of the lower one third of the legs,or around the ankle and th e heels were treated with reversed sap henous neurocutaneous island flaps.
     方法自1998年6月~2000年12月,对8例小腿下1/3、踝关节周围及足软组织缺损的患者,行隐神经营养血管蒂逆行岛状皮瓣转移修复术,其中3例皮瓣的血管筋膜蒂上保留1.5cm宽的皮桥,作为切开隧道的顶部,这样可避免皮瓣蒂经皮下隧道时血管受压。
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  相似匹配句对
     The Bridge
    
短句来源
     bridge
    
短句来源
     APPLICATION OF REVERSED DIGITAL ARTERY CROSS-FINGER FLAP WITH A COMPOUND SKIN PEDICLE
     逆行指动脉瓣的应用
短句来源
     Functional Rehabilitations during the Leg Bridge-flap Grafting
     小腿瓣移植手术的功能康复
短句来源
     Sculpture on Skin
     雕画
短句来源
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  skin bridge
In comparison to the skin pedicle flap, it has distinct advantages of more versatile clinical applications, better aesthetic result of the donor and recipient site, and avoids sacrifice of a normal skin bridge for flap insetting.
      
The AWD was created by leaving an intact skin bridge between the defect and the umbilical cord in group l; the UCD was created on the umbilical cord near the junction of the skin in group 2.
      
Perineal skin bridge and levator muscle preservation in neutral sagittal anorectoplasty (NSARP) for vestibular fistula
      
We describe a modification of the operation for repair of VF, the neutral sagittal anorectoplasty (NSARP), which preserves both a perineal skin bridge between the neo-anus and the posterior fourchette and the levator muscle.
      
Leaving the perineal skin bridge and the levator muscle intact could be important both from the aspects of perineal wound-healing and functional outcome.
      
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In normal dogs intragastric administration of the decoction of the leaves of C.trichdtomum induced emesis after a single dose of 20g(crude drug)/kg or more,but no emesis below 10g/kg. Daily administration of 10g/kg for 3 weeks rendered no significant changes in the liver function, blood picture,EKG,and pathologic examination. Five Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were used for the experimental therapy.Blood pres- sure was measured by auscultation on the carotid loop.C.trichotomum was given 10g/kg/day for 4...

In normal dogs intragastric administration of the decoction of the leaves of C.trichdtomum induced emesis after a single dose of 20g(crude drug)/kg or more,but no emesis below 10g/kg. Daily administration of 10g/kg for 3 weeks rendered no significant changes in the liver function, blood picture,EKG,and pathologic examination. Five Goldblatt renal hypertensive dogs were used for the experimental therapy.Blood pres- sure was measured by auscultation on the carotid loop.C.trichotomum was given 10g/kg/day for 4 weeks.Hypotension began in the 2nd week,and became more marked on further medication. The weekly average diastolic pressure decreased 32,17,6,20,and 12 mm Hg(25%,14%,5%, 16%,and 10%) respectively.The liver function and the blood picture were apparendy unaltered. After 3 weeks of medication the T wave in the EKG was found to be inverted in 3 dogs. When compared with the therapeutic activities of the Chinese drugs previously tested on the hypertensive dogs in this laboratory,C.trichotomum is probably less effective than Veratrum Schindleri,Scutellaria baicalcnesis,and the total alkaloids from Rauwolfia wrticillata,is similar to the Compositus Erxian-heji,but is better than Eucommia ulmoides.

正常狗灌胃海州常山叶水煎剂1次20g/kg以上即嘔吐,10g/kg以下无嘔吐。每天灌胃10g/kg,共3周,肝机能、血象、心电图及病理检查均无明显改变。慢性腎型高血压狗5只,听诊测量颈动脉皮桥血压。每日灌胃10g/kg,共4周。在给药第2周降压作用开始显著,继续给药则降压更多。每周平均舒张压低时分别下降32,17,6,20,12mmHg(25%,14%,5%,16%,10%)。心搏率、肝机能及血象无明显变化、给药第3周以后3只狗心电图T波变为倒置。与本实验室过去以慢性腎型高血压狗口服几种中药相比较,海州常山比藜芦、黄芩及蘿芙木全硷的降压效力可能稍差,与二仙合剂相差不多,但比杜仲较好。

The total alkaloids of Sinomenium acutum, fed by stomach tube or injected intravenously, produced a definite hypotensive effect in both anaesthetized and unanaesthetized animals. The onset was fast; the hypotension was marked and lasted 2—4 hours. Tachyphylaxis developed on repeated medications. This hypotension was mediated via the adrenolytic action and the nervous reflex mechanism, but not the histamine liberation. The alkaloids did not block ganglions, and exerted no influence on the M-cholinergic reactive...

The total alkaloids of Sinomenium acutum, fed by stomach tube or injected intravenously, produced a definite hypotensive effect in both anaesthetized and unanaesthetized animals. The onset was fast; the hypotension was marked and lasted 2—4 hours. Tachyphylaxis developed on repeated medications. This hypotension was mediated via the adrenolytic action and the nervous reflex mechanism, but not the histamine liberation. The alkaloids did not block ganglions, and exerted no influence on the M-cholinergic reactive system. Direct vasodilation was not observed. In anaesthetized dogs, intravenous injections of the alkaloids 1—2 mg/kg decreased the cardiac output, yet not the total peripheral resistance. Three renal hypertensive dogs were fed 10—40mg/kg/day for 15 days. The hypotensive effect was insignificant, owing probably to tachyphylaxis. The EKG, serum BSP retention, and blood NPN level revealed nothing abnormal. One of the three dogs collapsed immediately after the first medication, but tolerated well after the succeeding doses. Two normal dogs were fed 20—160 mg/kg/day for 16 days. Untoward reactions were not noticed, except a slight elevation of blood NPN in 1 dog.

正常狗2只,以防己生物碱連日給药,最高一次灌胃量达160毫克/公斤,为降压有效量16倍,无急性不良反应发生,服药过程中体重、食量及外表皆无明显改变。实驗治疗的3只高血压皮桥狗,无論心电图、血清磺溴酞鈉存留率及全血非蛋白氮含量皆属正常;但个別狗首次給药曾发生特异反应,大剂量长期給药可使全血非蛋白氮含量稍高,临床試用尚宜适当注意。总碱对麻醉或不麻醉实驗动物无論靜脉注射或灌胃都有肯定的急性降压效果,其作用特点为降压迅速、显著,持續时間約2—4小时,連續多次給药有快速耐受現象。对慢性实驗治疗狗的疗效不著,可能与其作用特点有关,可考虑与作用緩慢而持久的降压药合并应用。总碱的降压与其抗腎上腺素作用及神經反射机制有关。总碱无阻断神經节作用,其降压与M-胆碱反应系統无关,也非組織胺释放所致。在本实驗条件下未見总碱有直接扩张血管的作用。靜脉注射1—2毫克/公斤,对麻醉狗的心輸出量有抑制性影响,总外周阻力的降低不明显。

AbstractThe a u thors reported a microsurgical technique ofcross-bridged vascular anastomosis for free tissue trans-plantation when no vessels are available for anastomosis in the recipient site. From May 1982 to March 1992,this procedure was performed in 4 5 Cases. The skin bridgeswere severed 4 3 days after transplantation on the aver-age.41 cases were followed up for more than 6 m onthsand all thd transplants survived.

作者报告一种在受区没有可供吻合血管的情况下,采用桥式交叉方式吻合血管进行游离组织移植的显微外科技术。自1982年5月~1992年3月共进行了45例手术。平均术后43天切断皮桥,移植组织全部成活。41例经6个月以上随访,修复后上肢功能得到改善,下肢均恢复负重功能,血管供区肢体未发生供血不足。

 
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