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汽油烧伤
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  gasoline burn
     Rats in hydrofluoric acid burn group were burned to 2%TBSA with 3rd degree burn wounds, those in gasoline burn group A were burned to 6%TBSA with 3rd degree, and those in gasoline burn group B to 30%TBSA with 3rd degree burn wounds.
     汽油烧伤A组与B组分别致 6 %TBSA及30 %TBSAⅢ度烧伤 ,伤后于 5h、 10h、 2 4h分批活杀。
短句来源
     Method: Healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: hydrofluoric acid burn group, gasoline burn group A, gasoline burn group B, and normal control group, 18 rats in each group.
     方法 :健康大鼠随机分为氢氟酸烧伤组、汽油烧伤A组和B组、正常对照组。 氢氟酸烧伤组致 2 %Ⅲ度烧伤。
短句来源
     According to the level of residual phosphorus within wounds following standard phosphor burns, rat models of phosphate burn were made by contacting with 45% phosphate solution for 30 sec. The mortalities of rats in phosphate burn group(Ⅰ) were compared with other groups including phosphor burn(Ⅱ), gasoline burn(Ⅲ) and hot water burn(Ⅳ).
     参考标准 2 0mg/cm2 磷烧伤动物模型创面的残留磷含量 ,选取 4 5 %磷酸溶液制作磷酸烫伤模型 ,比较磷酸烫伤组 (Ⅰ )、磷烧伤组 (Ⅱ )、汽油烧伤组 (Ⅲ )和热水烫伤组 (Ⅳ )伤后的大鼠死亡率。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Additives for Gasoline
     汽油添加剂
短句来源
     The Gasoline Price Drops
     汽油降价了
短句来源
     Burn rehabilitation therapy
     烧伤的康复治疗
短句来源
     BURN OF THE AGED
     老年烧伤
短句来源
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  gasoline burn
It benefits air quality by making gasoline burn cleaner, thus reducing automobile emissions.
      
The horrific tragedy of each gasoline burn injury to a young child is magnified when it is considered that all he/she comprehends is the pain.
      


In order to study the mechanism of the barrier functional impairment-of gastric mucosa after burus, phosphorus or napalm 30% TBSA Ⅲ° burns was inflicted to rats and the osmolarity of hydrogen and chlorine ions of their gastric lavage fluid was determined. It was found the concentrations of the 2 ions in the lavage fluid decreased immediately after burn injury, reached the lowest point in the 5th hour postburn, and did not return to its preburn level even in the 72nd hour postburn.It is considered by the authors...

In order to study the mechanism of the barrier functional impairment-of gastric mucosa after burus, phosphorus or napalm 30% TBSA Ⅲ° burns was inflicted to rats and the osmolarity of hydrogen and chlorine ions of their gastric lavage fluid was determined. It was found the concentrations of the 2 ions in the lavage fluid decreased immediately after burn injury, reached the lowest point in the 5th hour postburn, and did not return to its preburn level even in the 72nd hour postburn.It is considered by the authors that the lowering of hydrogen and chlorine ions in the gastric lavage fluid after burns results from the reversed diffusion of the ions into the gastric mucosa since the stress reaction of the organism towards severe burns can impair the barrier function of the gastric musosa and the increase of hydrogen ions in gastric mucosa can aggravate the function impairment. In addition, phosphorus is a cytoplasm toxic. It can be rapidly absorbed through the cutaneous tissue of the burned area and carried to the gastric mucosa to intensify the mucosal lesion.

为了探讨磷烧伤后胃粘膜屏障功能损害发生机制的研究发现,30%Ⅲ度磷烧伤,凝固汽油烧伤动物胃灌洗液的晶体渗透压、H~+、Cl~-伤后逐渐降低,5h最低,72h尚未恢复至正常值。作者认为,灌洗液的晶体渗透压、[H~+][Cl~-]降低,系H~+、Cl~-返流所致,H~+返流由于重度烧伤的应激反应引起胃粘膜屏损伤所致,返流的H~+进一步加重了胃粘膜屏障功能不全。 磷元素对细胞浆的毒性作用,加剧了胃粘膜屏障功能损害的严重程度。

Male mice were subjected to 6 Gy total body irradiation,20% TBSA full thickness burns,or both the injuries respectively,and then lipid peroxides (LPO),vitamin E,sulfhydryl groups,respiratory control ratio (RCR),ADP/O ratio,and cytochrome oxidase activity of hepatic mitochondria were determined in the animals in the first 9 postinjury days.It was found that.1.LPO level increased in the early postinjury stage in the combined radiation-burn injury group.2.Vitamin E level decreased significantly in both the groups...

Male mice were subjected to 6 Gy total body irradiation,20% TBSA full thickness burns,or both the injuries respectively,and then lipid peroxides (LPO),vitamin E,sulfhydryl groups,respiratory control ratio (RCR),ADP/O ratio,and cytochrome oxidase activity of hepatic mitochondria were determined in the animals in the first 9 postinjury days.It was found that.1.LPO level increased in the early postinjury stage in the combined radiation-burn injury group.2.Vitamin E level decreased significantly in both the groups with either only irradiation or burns.3.The sulfhydryl groups showed a tendency to increase in all the 3 groups.4.The activity of cytochrome oxidase increased signficantly on the 7th postinjury day in the combined injury group.5.RCR and ADP/O ratios decreased more significantly in the combined injury group than in either the single injury group.These facts suggest that the suppression of the respiratory function of hepatic mitochondria results from the damage of mitochondrial membranes due to iipid peroxidation.

本文采用小鼠6 Gyγ射线全身照射和20%Ⅲ度凝固汽油烧伤模型,观察了伤后9 d内单伤和复合伤小鼠肝线粒体脂质过氧化物、维生素E及巯基含量、细胞色素氧化酶活力,呼吸控制率和磷氧比值的变化。结果表明脂质过氧化作用在复合伤组早期增加呈现复合效应。维生素E含量在单伤组下降更明显。巯基含量在各伤组变化总趋势是升高。细胞色素氧化酶活力在单放组第7天显著升高。呼吸控制率和磷氧比值以复合伤组下降更明显。实验结果提示伤后肝线粒体呼吸功能障碍与脂质过氧化损伤有一定关系。

The histopathological and ultrastructural changes of the kidneys in the first month after napalm burns were observed in rabbits.Meanwhileitheir blood urea nitrogen,creatinine and serum potassium level were determined.It was found that there was hyperemia in the early stage followed by ischemia in the late stage in the glomerular capillaries.Ultrastructurally ,the glomeru-lar cells (endothelial cells .mesangial cells and podocytes) exhibited varying degrees of hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia.The renal tubules...

The histopathological and ultrastructural changes of the kidneys in the first month after napalm burns were observed in rabbits.Meanwhileitheir blood urea nitrogen,creatinine and serum potassium level were determined.It was found that there was hyperemia in the early stage followed by ischemia in the late stage in the glomerular capillaries.Ultrastructurally ,the glomeru-lar cells (endothelial cells .mesangial cells and podocytes) exhibited varying degrees of hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia.The renal tubules showed varying degrees of vacuolar degeneration,necrosis and cast formation.Blood urea nitrogen,creatinine and serum potassium were significantly elevated in the 24th hour postburn and then gradually returned to the control level later.The mechanisms and significance of glomerular lesions and changes of blood biochemical parameters were briefly discussed.

本文对家兔凝固汽油烧伤30d内肾组织进行了组织学和超微结构观察,并作血浆尿素氮、肌酐和血清钾等指标检测。结果表明:肾小球毛细血管袢先有充血,后显缺血,血管球细胞显示不同程度的肥大和/或增生。肾小管病变有空泡变、坏死及管型形成。血浆尿素氮、肌酐及血清钾伤后24h显著升高,后渐恢复至对照组水平。

 
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