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  involve
     The answers to both questions involve too many aspects,such as culture,history and thinking modes.
     答案牵涉到文化,历史和思维方式等诸多方面。
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     The research on corrosion of pre-stressed concrete bridge is a very complex project, the research involve the theory of pre-stressed concrete engineering, electrochemical mechanism, structural durability analysis, theory of control and etc.
     预应力混凝土桥梁的腐蚀研究是一项跨学科的课题,牵涉到预应力混凝土工程、电化学腐蚀、结构耐久性分析以及控制理论等多个方面。
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     Conclusion Renal transplantation involve a lot of factor,for this reason,some settled nurses who can expertly master operation process and prepare special articles were asked participate renal transplantation.
     结论 :肾移植手术牵涉面广、地点变动大、环节多 ,因此要求较固定的护士参加移植手术 ,并能熟练掌握手术各环节步骤 ,精心做好各特殊物品的准备工作 ,并做好充份的术前准备 ,有利于患者耐受手术以及确保手术顺利进行。
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     But,many cases of financial statement fraudulent practices involve CPA's auditing collusion.
     但是近年来发生的财务报告舞弊案例,很多都牵涉到注册会计师的审计合谋问题。
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     Many statistical models in practical world involve mixture problems.
     现实世界中的很多统计模型都牵涉到混合问题。
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  referred
     Study of the neurological mechanisms of referred pain of chronic prostatitis and its relationship with the bladder and the pelvic floor
     慢性前列腺炎牵涉痛神经机制及其与膀胱、盆底肌的关系
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     Results:When lidocaine was injected into the referred area subcutaneously 10 minutes before formalin was filled,the Fos positive neurons were decreased significantly(P<0.05).
     结果:牵涉皮区注入利多卡因组动物脊髓c-fos表达较其对照组显著减少(P<0.05)。
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     Conclusions Discogenic groin pain is referred pain which is transmitted by sympathetic nerves and appears in the area that was segmentally innervated by anterior rami of L 1 and L, spinal nerves.
     结论 间盘源性腹股沟痛主要是经交感神经传递、累及L1与L2 神经前支节段性支配区的牵涉痛。
短句来源
     Method:80 patients, who were suffering from ache in the location around head, neck and upper back, were correctly diagnosed as the myofacial trigger point pain in different neck muscles with the characteristic referred headache.
     方法:对80例不同颈部肌筋膜触发点疼痛患者,明确触发点疼痛和其头部牵涉痛的位置,并做正确诊断;
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     Effect of lidocaine referred area injection on Fos protein express in spinal cord of the rat by stomach nociceptive stimulus
     经牵涉皮区注入利多卡因对胃痛大鼠脊髓c-fos表达的影响
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  “牵涉”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The VAS in geoup A (2.8 ± 0.8) was lower than that in group B (6.4 ± 1.6) (P<0.05 ) ;
     结果两组MAP、HR、RR、SPO2无显著变化; A组脐部牵涉痛(VAS)评分(2.8±0.8)与B组(6.6±1.6)比较,P<0.05。
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     CaO-Al_2O_3-CaO·SiO_2-CaF_2,1,5 1,8~~
     这种炉渣的结晶过程基本上可以在CaO-Al_2O_3-CaO·SiO_2·CaF_2四元系中来研究,无须牵涉到更为复杂的多元系。
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     The design for the accuracy of gears involves many factors. It is stipulated 25 indexes altogether about the accuracy of involute cylindrical gears in GB/T10095-1988 standard,which makes the precision design miscellaneous and trouble.
     齿轮精度设计牵涉的因素较多,GB/T10095—1988标准中对渐开线圆柱齿轮精度共规定了25个指标,使得精度设计繁杂、麻烦。
短句来源
     What is the structure and function of festivals?
     要回答上述问题又牵涉到究竟什么是节日? 节日有什么结构和功能?
短句来源
     CAS is the core guarantee system, which is concerned with the security of the whole television network.
     由于数字电视条件接收系统是数字电视接收控制的核心技术保障系统,它牵涉到整个电视网络的安全性。
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  involve
the volume computations involve several different methods according to the parity of dimension, subgroup relations and arithmeticity properties.
      
The low-frequency terms in the expansion involve an independent fractional Brownian motion evaluated at discrete times or, alternatively, partial sums of a stationary fractional ARIMA time series.
      
These schemes use 2 or 7 parameters respectively depending on whether Hermite data involve only first derivatives or include second derivatives.
      
In these results, the staircase and quantitative-topological conditions of both functions involve strictly monotone transformation and mixing of functional values.
      
Additional tests are often required from the technology support center of manufacturing companies to diagnose faults for large-scale equipment, although these tests are often expensive and involve some risks to equipment.
      
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  referred
An analytical solution and a low complexity dynamic programming algorithm, which are referred as water-filling in cellar (WFIC) policy, are presented to optimize the downlink power allocation.
      
Denitrification is generally referred to as the microbial reduction of nitrate to nitrite and further gaseous forms of nitric oxide, nitrous oxide and molecular nitrogen.
      
Thus, the characteristics of the surface junction consisting of the surface Cu-O double layers remarkably differ from those of the junctions deep in the stack, which will be referred to as ordinary IJJs.
      
At sufficiently low temperatures, the configurational phase space of a large spin-glass system breaks into many separated domains, each of which is referred to as a macroscopic state.
      
The growth of this strain, referred to as 50.3, on a mineral glycerol-containing medium produces an emulsifying activity (60%) and decreases the surface tension of the culture liquid by a factor of 2.8 (to 25 mN/m).
      
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Once the configuration of a rigid frame (including the lengths, crosssections, supporting connections, etc. of all its bars) has been laid out, there exists one set of frame constants, which expresses the elastic characteristics of the frame, and, therefore, is independent of its loading condition. By employing these frame constants, not only the computations of the end moments of all the bars under any one loading condition are greatly simplified, but also, when the frame is to be analyzed under several loading...

Once the configuration of a rigid frame (including the lengths, crosssections, supporting connections, etc. of all its bars) has been laid out, there exists one set of frame constants, which expresses the elastic characteristics of the frame, and, therefore, is independent of its loading condition. By employing these frame constants, not only the computations of the end moments of all the bars under any one loading condition are greatly simplified, but also, when the frame is to be analyzed under several loading conditions, the computations related and not related to loading are distinctly separated, and, therefore, the repeated portion of computations for each loading condition, unavoidable otherwise, is entirely eliminated. As most of the rigid frames encountered in practice have to be analyzed always under many loading conditions, the practical superiority of the methods employing frame constants over other methods is thus obvious.

任一刚構之形式(包括共中各桿之長度,截面,及支承等情形)既經擬定之後,該剛構即有一套表示共彈性特質而與其荷載無關之刚構常數存在。採用此項剛構常數,不但其在任一荷載情形之下桿端力矩計算,大大簡化,而且在多種荷載情形下進行分析時,可將其与荷載無關及有關之二部份計算完全分开,因此省去他種分析法在每一種荷載情形下所必須重複之部份計算。實用之剛構,既常須在多種荷載情形下進行分析,故採用剛構常数分析法在實用中之優越性,至為顯明。採用剛構常数之分析法太約以立特(Wilhelm Ritter)教授之定點法為最早,而於表示剛構常數之各種方式中,亦以定點位置最為簡明,最為基本。本文首先指出:於任一剛構中,每桿之左右兩端各有一個而且祇有一个有獨立性之基本剛構常數,其計算係二個各向左右進行不相牽涉之步驟,但為計算剛構常數本身及桿端力矩之便利计,常須於每桿之左右二端,各另加計算一個無獨立性之輔助剛構常數,惟此外並不需要任何其他第三個剛構常数。恰於廿年以前,我國林同棪教授在國內外發表其力矩一次分配法(林氏原稱其法為“直接力矩分配法”,似欠妥),採用桿端之“約束剛度係數”(restraining rigidity factor),“修正傳...

任一刚構之形式(包括共中各桿之長度,截面,及支承等情形)既經擬定之後,該剛構即有一套表示共彈性特質而與其荷載無關之刚構常數存在。採用此項剛構常數,不但其在任一荷載情形之下桿端力矩計算,大大簡化,而且在多種荷載情形下進行分析時,可將其与荷載無關及有關之二部份計算完全分开,因此省去他種分析法在每一種荷載情形下所必須重複之部份計算。實用之剛構,既常須在多種荷載情形下進行分析,故採用剛構常数分析法在實用中之優越性,至為顯明。採用剛構常数之分析法太約以立特(Wilhelm Ritter)教授之定點法為最早,而於表示剛構常數之各種方式中,亦以定點位置最為簡明,最為基本。本文首先指出:於任一剛構中,每桿之左右兩端各有一個而且祇有一个有獨立性之基本剛構常數,其計算係二個各向左右進行不相牽涉之步驟,但為計算剛構常數本身及桿端力矩之便利计,常須於每桿之左右二端,各另加計算一個無獨立性之輔助剛構常數,惟此外並不需要任何其他第三個剛構常数。恰於廿年以前,我國林同棪教授在國內外發表其力矩一次分配法(林氏原稱其法為“直接力矩分配法”,似欠妥),採用桿端之“約束剛度係數”(restraining rigidity factor),“修正傳遞係數”(modified carry-over factor),及“修正勁度”(modified stiffness)為

~~

机器与推进器裝在船上成为一个复杂的联动机,由机器供給能量,將推进器軸旋转,推进器把此旋转的动能转化为推力动能,克服船的阻力使船前进,所以机器与推进器的能量轉換是相互牵制、相互有关的,这与在試驗台上的机器或推进器單独进行試驗的情况不同。造船設計人員及輪机工作人員經常对机器与推进器的相互关系感到苦惱,因为在实际工作中,时常遇到风浪、輕載、倒車等各种負荷情况;結果不是馬力不足,就是转数加大,造成机器过負荷。一般我們虽也略知其控制办法,但对其确切的規律则知道甚少,这是由于其中的变数太多;当外界負荷不同时,在机器方面就要牵涉到馬力N,轉速n,轉矩M,工質参数ε,燃油消耗量q,机器效率ηM等的变化;在推进器方面則要牽涉到推进器馬力N_R,船速v,轉速n,轉矩M,推进器效率η等的变化。并且这許多变数中又是相互关联、相互平衡的,所以螺旋推进器与机器的配合与工作是一个很複杂的問題。現分下面几方面来进行探討: 一、机器与螺旋推进器的性能二、螺旋槳与机器在額定情况下的配合三、机器部分負荷特性曲线与外界負荷特性曲线四、部分螺旋槳的工作情况五、轉速与船速的关系六、开車、加减速、回轉、卡住、飞車与倒車的工作情况七、結束語 八...

机器与推进器裝在船上成为一个复杂的联动机,由机器供給能量,將推进器軸旋转,推进器把此旋转的动能转化为推力动能,克服船的阻力使船前进,所以机器与推进器的能量轉換是相互牵制、相互有关的,这与在試驗台上的机器或推进器單独进行試驗的情况不同。造船設計人員及輪机工作人員經常对机器与推进器的相互关系感到苦惱,因为在实际工作中,时常遇到风浪、輕載、倒車等各种負荷情况;結果不是馬力不足,就是转数加大,造成机器过負荷。一般我們虽也略知其控制办法,但对其确切的規律则知道甚少,这是由于其中的变数太多;当外界負荷不同时,在机器方面就要牵涉到馬力N,轉速n,轉矩M,工質参数ε,燃油消耗量q,机器效率ηM等的变化;在推进器方面則要牽涉到推进器馬力N_R,船速v,轉速n,轉矩M,推进器效率η等的变化。并且这許多变数中又是相互关联、相互平衡的,所以螺旋推进器与机器的配合与工作是一个很複杂的問題。現分下面几方面来进行探討: 一、机器与螺旋推进器的性能二、螺旋槳与机器在額定情况下的配合三、机器部分負荷特性曲线与外界負荷特性曲线四、部分螺旋槳的工作情况五、轉速与船速的关系六、开車、加减速、回轉、卡住、飞車与倒車的工作情况七、結束語 八、参考文献

In the Construction of large concrete dams, a considerable amount of heat is generated when concrete sets. This heat induces serious thermal stress in the concrete blocks. In the usual engineering practice, the period between successive pouring of concrete is prolonged to allow the transference of heat into the atmosphere. For large dams, this is in conflict with the rapidity, of construction. In order to resolve this difficulty effectively, we have to find means to calculate the thermal stress.The calculation...

In the Construction of large concrete dams, a considerable amount of heat is generated when concrete sets. This heat induces serious thermal stress in the concrete blocks. In the usual engineering practice, the period between successive pouring of concrete is prolonged to allow the transference of heat into the atmosphere. For large dams, this is in conflict with the rapidity, of construction. In order to resolve this difficulty effectively, we have to find means to calculate the thermal stress.The calculation of thermal stress involves calculating the field of temperature distribution, field of elastic stress and creep stress. Being considered as a plane problem, the temperature T(x,y,t) satisfies the following equations (refer to fig. denotes derivatives along the outward normal.a, λ, α are constants.θ(t)is the temperature rise of concrete under adiabetic condition. The stress induced by the fields of temperature distribution and gravity has a stress function Ψp(x,y,t) satisfying the following equation:Δ2Ψ = Eldl/1v2ΔT = 0 in region Gl (1=0,1) The boundary conditions are :along CBAA'B'C' normal stress and shearing stress being zero.along CDD'C' displacement being zero.on surface L0, normal stress σy, shearing stress τxy and displacements u,v satisfy continuity conditionThis paper gives a preliminary treatment to the calculation of the two problems stated above. Several theoretical questions involved in the calculation will be further investigated in the near future.

在混凝土大坝的浇筑过程中,混疑土硬化时所放出的大量热量,会在浇筑块内引起严重的温度应力。为了降低坝内的温度应力,一般工程中采取了降低施工速度的办法,使坝内热量有机会向大气发散,但在大坝工程中,它却与施工速度产生了巨大矛盾,要有效地解决这一矛盾必须首先解决温度应力的计算问题。 温度应力的计算包括了温度(?)、时弹性应力(?)及徐变应力的计算。作为平面问题处理,温度T(x,y,t)满足 其中;表外法向微商α、λ、α皆为常数,θ(t)为混凝土在绝热状态下的上升温度。 由温度应力场和重力场的作用所产生的应力,其应力函数ψ(x,y,t)满足 Δ~2ψ+E_lα_l/(1-v_l~2)ΔT=0 在G_l内(l=0,1)边界条件为: 沿CBAA′B′C′,正应力及剪应力为零; 沿CDD′C′,变位为零: 在接触面L_o上,正应力σ_y,剪应力τ_(xy),位移u、v满足连续条件。 本文仅就以上二问题的计算作了初步研究,计算中所牵涉到的一些理论问题,尚待今后进一步研究。

 
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