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   缺氧缺血性脑病 在 儿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.006秒
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缺氧缺血性脑病     
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  hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in neonates is often difficult to diagnose in "real time" at the bedside because of the variety of disorders that can cause neonatal seizures and other nonspecific signs of encephalopathy.
      
Treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborns
      
Changes of gastric nitric oxide in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
      
This type of CP is associated with the clinical syndrome of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy shortly after the insult, and the cortex, basal ganglia, and brainstem are selectively vulnerable to injury.
      
Objective: Short-latency somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring has been reported to be useful in predicting neurological outcome in patients with cardiac arrest and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.
      
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  hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
Values of resistance index (RI) rose to 1 in some vessels of moderate hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) infants and stayed at 1 in the severe HIE infants.
      
Several MRI techniques have been applied to the diagnosis of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
      
Cerebral perfusion examined by intravoxel incoherent motion, a non-invasive tool, seems to be opening new inroads for detecting variations (neurophysiological modifications) in cerebral flows during hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
      
The former change was accompanied by diffuse central nervous system involvement, and the etiology was perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, acute encephalopathy, and meningoencephalitis in most cases.
      
βAPP-positive axons were present in the cerebral white matter of all cases of SBS but were also present in 6 of 7 children dying of non-traumatic hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
      
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  hie
The analysis has revealed that the monscnn regions in hie and West Africa, and to lesser extent Australia, have the highest rate of precipitation change at all time scales in the world.
      
In Deutschland fanden in diesem Zeitraum vor allem, wie es h?ufig hie?, sozial?kologische Ans?tze profunde Beachtung, wobei das Altern in Institutionen stark im Vordergrund stand.
      
Die anfangs gesenkten Werte der 5-HIE-S?ure im Tagesharn weisen in den weiteren Verlaufsuntersuchungen ansteigende Werte auf.
      
for 1 μg 5-Hydroxy-Indole-3-Acetic acid (5 HIE) on Cellulose F plates, 80 mm2 vertically to the flow direction, and 100 mm2 parallel to the flow direction.
      
For 5-HIE, the lower detection limit on Cellulose F or Silica Gel F254 plates is 0.1 or 0.2 μg, respectively; the standard deviation s=±0.05 μg 5-HIE.
      
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  ischemic encephalopathy
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in neonates is often difficult to diagnose in "real time" at the bedside because of the variety of disorders that can cause neonatal seizures and other nonspecific signs of encephalopathy.
      
Treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in newborns
      
Values of resistance index (RI) rose to 1 in some vessels of moderate hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) infants and stayed at 1 in the severe HIE infants.
      
Changes of gastric nitric oxide in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
      
This type of CP is associated with the clinical syndrome of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy shortly after the insult, and the cortex, basal ganglia, and brainstem are selectively vulnerable to injury.
      
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  其他


Ultrasonographic scans were performed in 115 newborn babies with Apgar score≤7 at 1 minute after birth. The results were normal in 48 cases (41.7%); hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in 36 (31.3%); intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in 26 (22.6%) and ventriculomegaly in 5 (4.4%). The normal rate of ultrasonographic scans was 82.9% in those with low Apgar score but without clinical symptoms and signs. However the abnormal rate was 81.1% in those having clinical symptoms and signs, either irritable and hyperalert...

Ultrasonographic scans were performed in 115 newborn babies with Apgar score≤7 at 1 minute after birth. The results were normal in 48 cases (41.7%); hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in 36 (31.3%); intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in 26 (22.6%) and ventriculomegaly in 5 (4.4%). The normal rate of ultrasonographic scans was 82.9% in those with low Apgar score but without clinical symptoms and signs. However the abnormal rate was 81.1% in those having clinical symptoms and signs, either irritable and hyperalert appearance or apathetic and hypotonic state. The ventricles were often enlarged following HIE and ICH. Among 26 cases, 14 had mild to moderate enlargement while 3 were progressively dilated. The babies with blood pH<7.25 and/or PCO_2>6.7 kPa were more common in ICH group. Therefore it is important to correct the acid-base imbalance, especially in respiratory acidosis.

对115例出生时Apgar评分≤7分的新生儿进行B型超声检查。结果有48例超声检查正常(41.7%),缺氧缺血性脑病36例(31.3%),颅内出血26例(22.6%)。脑室扩大5例(4.4%)。Apgar评分低不伴有神经系统症状、体征者超声检查正常率为82.9%,而伴神经系统症状、体征者81.9%患儿超声检查发现异常。超声随访发现缺氧缺血性脑病、颅内出血者脑室扩大者多:轻到中度脑室扩大53.8%(14/26),进行性脑室扩大11.5%(3/16)。对72例临床及实验室资料回顾性分析发现,pH<7.25,PCO_2>6.7kPa,颅内出血组明显高于正常组,因此在抢救窒息新生儿时,加强呼吸管理及维持内环境稳定很重要。

This paper reported 88 cases with NEC in our hospital from Jan. 1988 to Dee. 1989. There were 27 eases with HIE complicated NEC. They accounted for 30.45% of NEC and 16% of HIE in the same period. This 27 cases included in 25 cases of HIE, 1 case RDS, 1 case sepses complicated HIE. The results were respectively 16 cases recovery, 6 cases death and 5 cases abandoning treatment. The death rate was 22%. This article raised that the key of preventing this disease were strengthening perinatal health care; reducing...

This paper reported 88 cases with NEC in our hospital from Jan. 1988 to Dee. 1989. There were 27 eases with HIE complicated NEC. They accounted for 30.45% of NEC and 16% of HIE in the same period. This 27 cases included in 25 cases of HIE, 1 case RDS, 1 case sepses complicated HIE. The results were respectively 16 cases recovery, 6 cases death and 5 cases abandoning treatment. The death rate was 22%. This article raised that the key of preventing this disease were strengthening perinatal health care; reducing for severe hypoxia neonates in perinatal period.

本文报道了我院新生儿病房1988年1月~1989年12月收治新生儿坏死性小肠结肠炎(NEC)88例,其中新生儿缺氧缺血性脑病(HIE)并发NEC 27例,占同期HIE病例的30.45%,占HIE病例数的16%。近年来NEC的病发有呈渐趋增加或相对增多的趋势。因此,本病发病因素应引起重视。本文27例病人中,25例以HIE入院,1例为RDS,1例为败血症合并HIE住院。经临床治疗,痊愈16例,死亡6例。5例家长放弃治疗,病死率为22%。本文提出加强围产保健,降低新生儿窒息发病率是预防本病的关键;并对围产期严重缺氧小儿应延长开奶时间。

From Jan.1985 to Mar.1990,573 newborn babies were admittedto hospital and 77 babies(13.44%)suffered from obstetric neonatalconvulsions.The causes of the disease were teanus neonatorum(31.17%);HIE(29.87%);intracranial hemorrhage (19.48%);neonatalpurulent meningitis(10.39%) and neonatal septicemia (9.09%).16 babiesdied from tetanus,the mortality rate being 20.78(16/77).The mortalityrate in tetanus was the highest (29.17%).It's believed that the key tothe prevention of neonatal convulsions lies in strengthening...

From Jan.1985 to Mar.1990,573 newborn babies were admittedto hospital and 77 babies(13.44%)suffered from obstetric neonatalconvulsions.The causes of the disease were teanus neonatorum(31.17%);HIE(29.87%);intracranial hemorrhage (19.48%);neonatalpurulent meningitis(10.39%) and neonatal septicemia (9.09%).16 babiesdied from tetanus,the mortality rate being 20.78(16/77).The mortalityrate in tetanus was the highest (29.17%).It's believed that the key tothe prevention of neonatal convulsions lies in strengthening perinatalhealth and in the prevention and treatment of asphyxia and infection.

与产科有关的新生儿惊厥77例,占同期住院新生儿的13.44%(77/573),其原因为新生儿破伤风31.17%,新生儿缺氧缺血性脑病29.87%,颅内出血19.48%,化脑10.39%,败血症9.09%。死亡16例,病死率20.78%,其中破伤风病死率最高达29.17%。预防新生儿惊厥在于加强围生期保健,防治感染、产伤和窒息。

 
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