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   肾切除术 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.022秒
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肾切除术
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  nephrectomy
    Average survival for radical nephrectomy group was 33 months(n= 11), and the non-radical nephrectomy group was 8 months(n = 4).
    11例接受根治性肾切除术者平均生存期33个月,4例行单纯肾切除术或肿瘤部分切除术者平均生存期8个月;
短句来源
    The operation time of nephrectomy was 120-240 minutes(mean 191 minutes) and the mean intraoperative blood loss was 200ml.
    肾切除术手术时间120~240m in,平均191m in,平均出血200m l。
短句来源
    A comparative study of laparoscopic and open radical nephrectomy
    腹腔镜与开放手术行根治性肾切除术的效果比较(附33例报告)
短句来源
    Towards Renal Artery Embolization Prior to Nephrectomy
    肾切除术前的肾动脉栓塞的疗效体会(附5例报告)
短句来源
    Hand-assisted Retroperitoneoscopic Radical Nephrectomy(Report of 4 Cases)
    手助后腹腔镜根治性肾切除术(附4例报告)
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  “肾切除术”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Before surgery,1 patient received radiotherapy,1 received chemotherapy and 2 received embolism chemotherapy of renal artery.
    9例均行肾切除术,其中术前分别辅以化疗1例、放疗1例、肾动脉介入栓塞化疗2例。
短句来源
    Correlation of apoptosis and expression of Collectrin gene in the early stage of compensatory renal growth following uninephrectomy in the young and old rats
    大鼠肾切除术后留存肾代偿早期细胞凋亡状态和collectrin基因表达关系的研究
短句来源
    Methods 1. 41 male Wister rats weighing 200-250g were divided into three groups:1.Normal(n=5). 2.Sham-operated (n=15). 3.CRF group(5/6 nephrectoized, n=21).
    材料和方法 1.随机将41只200-250g雄性Wister大鼠分为:Ⅰ.正常组(n=5),Ⅱ.假手术组(n=15),Ⅲ.CRF组(n=21),应用5/6肾切除术制作。
短句来源
    The renal lesions included 16 left renal carcinomas and 14 right renal carcino-mas , in which 25 accepted radical operation of renal carcinoma by ab-domen and 4 did radical operation by waist.
    左侧肾癌16例,右侧肾癌14例。 25例病例行经腹肾癌根治手术,4例行经腰肾癌根治手术,1例行经腰肾切除术
短句来源
    Objectives: The primary aim was to assess the efficacy of local advanced renal cell carcinoma with or without postoperative interferon-alpha adjuvant therapy, including the incidence of overall survival rate, Recurrence free rate.
    目的:通过Meta—分析的方法比较局部进展性肾细胞癌根治性肾切除术+IFN-α辅助治疗的患者与单用根治性肾切除术者的治疗效果和不良反应,包括总体生存率(Overall Survival Rate)、肿瘤未复发率(Recurrence Free Rate)、不良反应发生率(Adverse Effects Rate)。
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  nephrectomy
Influence of Unilateral Nephrectomy on Aldosterone Reception in the Remaining Kidney in Rats
      
Left ventricular hypertrophy was induced by experimental chronic coarctation of one renal artery without contralateral nephrectomy.
      
Left ventricular hypertrophy was induced in young male Wistar rats by unilateral renal artery constriction, either with (Goldblatt I [= G I]) or without (Goldblatt II [=G II]) simultaneous contralateral nephrectomy.
      
In nephrectomized dogs, PRA was 0.76±0.14 ng·ml-1·hr-1 two hours after nephrectomy and remained unchanged after CAO.
      
Nephrectomy, two hours prior to CAO, significantly reduced the effect of Captopril on CVR and collateral blood flow while the effect on SVR persisted.
      
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This paper analysed the renograms in 107 cases of renal tuberculosis. In 100 cases of which x-ray examination were done, and in 82 cases the diagnosis was confirmed during operation and by pathological examination. Renograms were repeated in 20 cases after nephrectomy. The renograms showed abnoimal findings in all of the 107 cases, with unilateral abnormality in 44 cases and bilateral in 63 cases. Amony the latter, the findings of the renograms were of the same type on both sides only in 1 case and of different...

This paper analysed the renograms in 107 cases of renal tuberculosis. In 100 cases of which x-ray examination were done, and in 82 cases the diagnosis was confirmed during operation and by pathological examination. Renograms were repeated in 20 cases after nephrectomy. The renograms showed abnoimal findings in all of the 107 cases, with unilateral abnormality in 44 cases and bilateral in 63 cases. Amony the latter, the findings of the renograms were of the same type on both sides only in 1 case and of different types in another 62 cases; in about 2/3 of these cases, there was excretory impairment of varying degree on the side with milder changes, and in approximately 1/3 of them, there was also impairment of renal function.In 15 cases had undergone nephrectomy, the renograms of the contralateral kidney were normal or slightly abnormal before operation, and remained so or recovered after nephrectomy. The above results showed that the changes in renograms were strongly correlated with the pathological findings of the tuberculous kidneys and were quite useful for the te diagnosis of renal tuberculosis and for the prognosis after nephrectomy.

本文分析了107例肾结核的肾图,其中100例作了X线造影,82例获手术、病理诊断,20例于肾切除术后复查了肾图。107例肾图全部异常,单侧肾图异常44例,双侧肾图异常63例。两侧肾图类型相同的仅1例。另62例两侧肾图类型均不相同,约 2/3病例的病变较轻一侧肾图,为不同程度的上尿路排泄障碍,另外近 1/3还伴有功能损害。患肾切除术前,对侧肾图正常和仅有轻度异常的15例,术后仍保持或恢复正常。结果表明,肾图的表现与肾结核的病理过程密切相关,对肾结核诊断和肾切除预后很有意义。

Only 4 out of 40 cases were definitely diagnosed at an early stage and all recoverd after medical treatment. In the remaining 36 cases, a congenital solitary kidney tuberculosis was misdiagnosed as a functionless kidney of the opposite side, and was surgically explored; the others were all late cases so nephrectomy with or without ureterectomy were performed. The cases of misdiagnosing are: (1) Regardless of the importance of careful history taking. Lack of meticulous analysis of the case history or lack of...

Only 4 out of 40 cases were definitely diagnosed at an early stage and all recoverd after medical treatment. In the remaining 36 cases, a congenital solitary kidney tuberculosis was misdiagnosed as a functionless kidney of the opposite side, and was surgically explored; the others were all late cases so nephrectomy with or without ureterectomy were performed. The cases of misdiagnosing are: (1) Regardless of the importance of careful history taking. Lack of meticulous analysis of the case history or lack of understanding of the clinical manifestation (about 61.1%); (2) Regadless of the examination of the urinary sediment for acid-fast bacilli; (3) Atypical manifestation in clinic; (4) Regardless of his (her) own sickness. The possible causes of non-visualization of one kidney on excretory urography are analyzed in this paper and listed as foilows: (1) Rapid elimination of the contrast medium due to too loose abdominal strapping; (2) Temporary obstruction of unilateral upperurinary tract; (3) Congenital dysplastic kidney; (4) Other kidney diseases such as atrophic pyelonephritis; (5) Severe renal tuberculosis.

本文报告40例肾结核,仅有4例获得早期诊断并经药物治疗痊愈;延误诊断36例,除1例为先天性孤立肾合并结核因误诊而作探查手术外,其余35例全都作了肾切除术或肾切除加输尿管切除术。延误诊断的原因:(1)病史询问不够详细,也未对病史作全面分析或者对肾结核的临床表现缺乏了解(占61.1%)。(2)不重视尿常规和尿液抗酸杆菌的检查。(3)临床表现不典型。(4)症状不明显,病人忽视而未就诊。文中讨论了排泄性尿路造影一侧肾脏不显影时,可能的原因有:(1)造影时腹部压迫不紧,造影剂由输尿管迅速排入膀胱。(2)一侧上尿路的暂时性梗阻。(3)先天性弧立肾或一侧先天性肾发育不全症。(4)其它疾患。(5)肾结核破坏严重。

This paper presents 216 cases of ma- lignant renal tumor treated in this hospital during 1957~1984.The patients of over 31 years of age accounted for 86.8% and 6 patients were more than 20 years of age, the youngest being 7 years old.It is of great singnificance.of these 216 patients, 120 were renal cell carcinoma(55.6%), (the most common tumor in kidneys) of which 80 had pathological examination after operation.In this series,75 cases of clear cell carcinoma(91.5%),2 cases of granulose cell carcinoms and 5...

This paper presents 216 cases of ma- lignant renal tumor treated in this hospital during 1957~1984.The patients of over 31 years of age accounted for 86.8% and 6 patients were more than 20 years of age, the youngest being 7 years old.It is of great singnificance.of these 216 patients, 120 were renal cell carcinoma(55.6%), (the most common tumor in kidneys) of which 80 had pathological examination after operation.In this series,75 cases of clear cell carcinoma(91.5%),2 cases of granulose cell carcinoms and 5 cases of undiffirentiated renal cell carcinoms were found.In this series.75 cases had ne- phrotectomy.Follow-up studies that the three-yeat survival rate was 47.1% and the five-year survival rate was 32.9% The survival rate for 23 cases was more than 5 years,of which 17 cases were proved to be stage 1 and 6 stage 11,sug- gesting that in order to improve the survi- val rate,to early diagnosis and proper treatment must be paid special attentioe.

本文报告了我院1957~1984年共收治的肾脏恶性肿瘤216例其中肾细胞癌120例(55.6%),占肾脏肿瘤的第一位。有82例通过手术及活组织检查得到病理结果,透明细胞癌76例(占91.5%),颗粒细胞癌2例,未分化癌5例。在患者中31岁以上者占86.7%,而20岁以下者6例,其中年龄最小者为7岁(1例),值得注意。本组中75例做了肾切除术。术后随访,三年存活率为47.1%,五年存活率为32.9%,有23例存活五年以上。其中Ⅰ期17例,Ⅱ期6例。因此在今后应尽早诊断、治疗肾肿瘤,以提高长期存活率。

 
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