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湿绝热
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  wet adiabatic
     The simulated results show that the slope parameter b and the intercept d of the meteoric water line (MWL), 6D = bδ18O+d, in wet adiabatic cooling are both greater than those in isobaric cooling.
     模拟显示,湿绝热冷却过程中大气水线(MWL:=bδ18o+d)的斜率b和常数d均大于等压冷却过程。
短句来源
     The rate of change of δ18O against temperature in the process of wet adiabatic cooling is smaller than in the process of isobaric cooling under the same humidity.
     在相同的湿度条件下,湿绝热冷却过程中δ18O随温度的变化率小于等压冷却过程。
短句来源
     In this paper, the precipitation model consisting of equations of continuity and formula of wet adiabatic rainfall rate have been used to calculate the rainfall of two typhoons, which are invaded by westerly belt synoptic system.
     本文应用连续方程和湿绝热降水公式组成的降水计算模式对两个受到西风带天气系统侵入的台风降水进行了计算。
短句来源
     The wet potential vofticity equation and its approximate form are deduced on the conditions of wet adiabatic and frictionless.
     本文在湿绝热、无摩擦条件下,推导了湿位涡方程及其近似表达式。
短句来源
     The δO values in the wet adiabatic cooling process are greater than in the isobaric cooling process under the same temper- ature, showing that the fractionation rate of the latter is faster than that of the former.
     模拟结果显示,湿绝热冷却过程中大气水线(MWL:δD=bδ18O+d)的梯度项b和常数项d均大于等压冷却过程。
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  “湿绝热”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The accurate numerical computation of saturation adiabatic equation
     饱和湿绝热方程的精确数值计算
短句来源
     This paper discusses a approach of computing the E_(CAP) in detail,by adopting the(MM5V3.5) output data,introducing an atmospheric thermodynamic variable,density temperature T_ρ,and according to the reversible saturated moist adiabatic process in the environmental atmosphere.
     引入大气热力学变量密度温度Tρ,采取与实际大气较为相符的可逆饱和湿绝热抬升过程,利用MM5V3.5模式输出资料,计算了对流有效位能ECAP。
短句来源
     In this paper, two simple calculating formulas of instability energy of atmospheric stratification, suitable for the air parcel carrying water during its reversible saturation-adiabatic asecending process and the air parcel without water during its pseudo-adiabatic asecending process,are presented.
     本文运用大气能量学、大气热力学和大气动力学基本原理,提出了适用于载水气块在可逆湿绝热上升过程中,和非载水气块在假绝热上升过程中,大气层结不稳定能量的两个简便计算公式。
短句来源
     A simplified semigeostrophic frontogenesis model with inclusion of large-scale condensation latent heat is derived and the effects of latent heat release on frontogenesis of warm front are discussed.
     利用假湿绝热假定,导得简化的半地转湿锋生模式,利用该模式讨论大尺度凝结加热对暖锋锋生过程的影响。
短句来源
     But,the calculation of momentum budget shows that the increasing of momentum caused not only by the buoyancy force,but also by the horizontal pressure gradient force on meso-scale.
     但是,湿空气块的加速并不仅仅是湿绝热上升过程中浮力的作用,动量收支的计算表明,中尺度水平气压梯度力对气块动量的增加也有贡献。
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  相似匹配句对
     The accurate numerical computation of saturation adiabatic equation
     饱和湿绝热方程的精确数值计算
短句来源
     Interaction of Diabatic Frontogenesis and MoistureProcesses in Cold-Frontal Rain-Band
     冷锋雨带中湿物理过程与非绝热锋生的相互作用(英文)
短句来源
     Adiabatic Expansion of Electron Beam
     电子束的绝热展开
短句来源
     Calculating Formula of Humidity Hysteresis
     湿滞的计算
短句来源
     THE FOAMED PLASTICS USED IN CRYOGENIC INSULATION
     低温绝热泡沫塑料
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  wet adiabatic
The rate of change of δ18O against temperature in the process of wet adiabatic cooling is smaller than in the process of isobaric cooling under the same humidity.
      
The simulated results show that the slope parameter b and the intercept d of the meteoric water line (MWL), δD = bδ18O+d, in wet adiabatic cooling are both greater than those in isobaric cooling.
      
The global MWL lies between the two MWLs simulated under wet adiabatic and isobaric cooling processes, respectively.
      
In a wet adiabatic atmosphere, the total amount of water is constant in the vertical.
      
Lapse rates environment, dry and wet adiabatic lapse rates; the effect of latent heat release.
      


A three-dimensional axial-symmetric model of cumulus development is here presented, with consideration of the effect of condensation feedback on the field of motion. A computational scheme of the system of equations concerned is given. For a case with initial temperature disturbance 1℃ and the vertical lapse rate of circumstances is slightly decreased with height, a calculation computed by the electric computer shows that a cumulus with a thickness more than 5-6 kms could be developed in about 20 minutes. In...

A three-dimensional axial-symmetric model of cumulus development is here presented, with consideration of the effect of condensation feedback on the field of motion. A computational scheme of the system of equations concerned is given. For a case with initial temperature disturbance 1℃ and the vertical lapse rate of circumstances is slightly decreased with height, a calculation computed by the electric computer shows that a cumulus with a thickness more than 5-6 kms could be developed in about 20 minutes. In the lower part of the cloud there is a moist-unstable region (a > 0) which becomes quasi-steady in its intensity and size. The field of motion and that of temperature are also approximately steady in this region. But in the upper moist-stable region of the cloud, the flow and temperature fluctuate greatly; in this region the convective element from the lower part of the cloud oscillates and gradually dissipates. All these characteristics are in accord with the phenomena observed in the atmosphere, i.e. the cumulus has a steady and flat base but an ever-changing top.

本文给出了一个三维轴对称的积云发展模式,考虑了凝结对流场的反馈影响,并假定环境的温度递减率和相对湿度随高度减小。在电子计算机上求得的数值解表明:当大气中有1℃左右的温度扰动时,则在二十分钟以内就可以发展成一块5—6公里厚的积云。在积云下部形成一个变化不大的湿绝热不稳定区,流场和温度场在积云发展后期变化也不大。而在积云上部的稳定层结中,流场和温度场随时间变化则比较大,从云中下部上升的对流泡到顶部形成波动。这与观测结果是相象的。

In this paper, the precipitation model consisting of equations of continuity and formula of wet adiabatic rainfall rate have been used to calculate the rainfall of two typhoons, which are invaded by westerly belt synoptic system. Both calculated regions and intensity agree with that of real precitpiation. A new gale center is generated near the lower troposphere of westerly belt system when it has partly invaded into the egion of typhoon. In the lower layer convergence region of down wind at the gale center...

In this paper, the precipitation model consisting of equations of continuity and formula of wet adiabatic rainfall rate have been used to calculate the rainfall of two typhoons, which are invaded by westerly belt synoptic system. Both calculated regions and intensity agree with that of real precitpiation. A new gale center is generated near the lower troposphere of westerly belt system when it has partly invaded into the egion of typhoon. In the lower layer convergence region of down wind at the gale center occurs hard rain. From the calculation of energy conversion, it is found that this gale center is generated by baroclinic conversion of potential energy into kinetic energy.

本文应用连续方程和湿绝热降水公式组成的降水计算模式对两个受到西风带天气系统侵入的台风降水进行了计算。计算的降水区和降水强度与实况都较一致。发现在侵入台风后的西风带系统附近的低层产生一新的大风中心,在该中心的下风处的低层辐合区产生暴雨。从能量转换计算的结果发现,大风中心是由位能向动能的斜压转换造成的。

In this paper, two simple calculating formulas of instability energy of atmospheric stratification, suitable for the air parcel carrying water during its reversible saturation-adiabatic asecending process and the air parcel without water during its pseudo-adiabatic asecending process,are presented.

本文运用大气能量学、大气热力学和大气动力学基本原理,提出了适用于载水气块在可逆湿绝热上升过程中,和非载水气块在假绝热上升过程中,大气层结不稳定能量的两个简便计算公式。

 
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