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  temple
     Jinguang Temple natural reserve is situated in the southwest of Yongping County in western Yunnan(99°27′26″~99°36′07″N. lat., 25°7′18″~25°13′44″ E.long.) with an elevation of 1150 m. to 2913.2 m.
     金光自然保护区位于永平县西南部,东经99°27′26″~99°36′07″,北纬25°7′18″~25°13′44″,面积为101km~2,植被可分为半常绿季雨林、常绿阔叶林、落叶阔叶林、针叶林、稀树灌木草丛、灌丛6个植被型,常绿阔叶林为主要植被类型。
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     EVALUATION OF URBAN DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION:A CASE STUDY OF JING’AN TEMPLE AREA OF SHANGHAI
     城市设计实施评价初探——以上海静安地区城市设计为例
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     The Complex of Life in The Temple of the Golden Pavilion
     《金阁》里的生命情结
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     Evolution of the Longxing Temple
     龙兴沿革——青州城与龙兴之二
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     The cultural tounist siteplan and architecture design of cuide temple in Wuhan city
     武汉市古德文化旅游区规划与建筑设计
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  “寺”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on Formation and Evolution of Sinian Petroleum Pools in Leshan-Longnusi Paleo-uplift, Sichuan Basin
     四川盆地乐山-龙女古隆起震旦系油气藏形成演化研究
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     Study on Predication Model of Macro-Economy Development in the Inner Mongolia Taipusi Banner
     内蒙古太仆旗宏观经济发展预测模型研究
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     PRECURSORY VARIATION OF CONTENTS OF Rn, He, H_2 IN HONGSIHU SPRING AND DISCUSSION ON GEOTECTONIC MARK IN HYDROCHEMICAL SENSITIVE ACUPOINT
     红湖泉水Rn、He、H_2含量的前兆变化——兼论水化灵敏穴位的地质构造标志
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     DISCUSSION ABOUT SOME PROBLEMS OF JIMINGSI LANDSLIDE
     鸡鸣滑坡若干问题探讨
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     Design of Hydraulic Turbine of Baozhusi Hydroelectric Station
     宝珠电站水轮机设计
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     En passant par le temple au parfum caché
     过香积
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     Wingbo Boguo Temple
     宁波保国
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  temple
These studies include: 1) Ancient wooden structures including three national preservation relics Arrow Tower at North City Gate, City Tower at East City Gate, and Baogao Temple in Ningbao, Zhejiang province.
      
Mesoporous silica films embedded with Ag nanoparticles were directly synthesized by a solgel dip-coating process, combining alkyl (ethylene oxide) surfactant as temple and tetraethoxysilane as inorganic precursor.
      
The Temple of Achilles on the Island of Leuke in the Black Sea
      
Most probably the hoard was not a private property but part of the temple's treasures concealed in some unclear circumstances.
      
The exploration works at the Partho-Sassanian fire temple at Mele Hairam, southern Turkmenistan, have yielded a fragmentarily preserved double-faced ivory plaque in relief.
      
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1. The Mountain region of Upper Hwangho.

(一)南征之决定及目的(二)循化黄河南北之大山(三)大夏河上游(四)洮河择源区探索(五)陇蜀界上之南木 (六)江河分水高原一角黄河入岷说

This dissertation has its object to ascertain the era of construction of VanTien paoilion which being but a part of the auchitecture of Shun-En temple, is located in Hu hsien of Kiangsu province. The conclusion herein reached is based upon an actual inspection of the structure and a careful aualysis of every integral part of the construction, taking into consideration as well the political and economical conditions prevailing during that period. Correlated with the main theme, the subject matter about the architecture...

This dissertation has its object to ascertain the era of construction of VanTien paoilion which being but a part of the auchitecture of Shun-En temple, is located in Hu hsien of Kiangsu province. The conclusion herein reached is based upon an actual inspection of the structure and a careful aualysis of every integral part of the construction, taking into consideration as well the political and economical conditions prevailing during that period. Correlated with the main theme, the subject matter about the architecture of the eutire temple is also broached with the view to elucidate a few charocteristics inherent in the layont of the general plan. It is appended here with the hope that it might be of reference value to the study of the history of Chinese Architecture for the era of Ming dynasty.

此文系从江苏吴县圣恩明构梵天阁的调查,将该建筑物各部逐一分析,并与当时的政治经济情况相结合,作出建造年代的鉴定。同时对该的全体建筑亦附带地述及,用来说明其总体布局的特征。为研究中国建筑史明代史料之一。

Based on the statistical analysis of families, genera and species and comparison of related regions, the flora of Peking has been preliminarily analized by present authors in following aspects. 1. The elements of Peking flora. (1) Statistical analysis of femilies, genera and species. a) According to the enumeration of "The Peking Flora" the vascular plants of Peking are belonging to 153 fatuities, 751 genera and 1025 species. b) Analysis of major families. Among Angiosperms 10 leading families are taken for...

Based on the statistical analysis of families, genera and species and comparison of related regions, the flora of Peking has been preliminarily analized by present authors in following aspects. 1. The elements of Peking flora. (1) Statistical analysis of femilies, genera and species. a) According to the enumeration of "The Peking Flora" the vascular plants of Peking are belonging to 153 fatuities, 751 genera and 1025 species. b) Analysis of major families. Among Angiosperms 10 leading families are taken for accounting percentage of their number of species as follows: Compositae, 10% Gramineae, 9% Leguminosae, 6% Rosaceae, 6% Liliaceae, 4% Cyperaceae, 4% Umbelliferae, 3.8% Ranunculaceae, 3.6% Cruciferae, 2% Caryophyllaceae, 2% c) Statistics of ligneous plants. Woody plants exclusive of the cultivated ones there are 45 families, 96 genera and 199 species; that is about 29% to the total number of vascular plants. (2) The endemics: The endemics are not strictly restricted to the Peking area, they are also generally found in North China. Accooding to the records and specimens collected there are about 7 spp. which may be considered as endemics, such as Clematis acerifolia Maxim. in Paihuashan and Shangfangshan; Cnidium Smithii (Wolff) W. T. Wang in Paihuashan and Yangjaping) Ligusticum Wawrae Wolff in Chiehtai Sze of Mentougou. Besides, there are about 25 spp. which are distributed correspondingly to the mountain range of North China, as Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bge., a monotypie genera occurs almost over North China. (3) The comparison between flora of major regions in Peking: In order to define the floristie characters of different regions of Peking, the authors select Potou, Paihuashan, Kingshan, Shangfangshan, Tancheh Sze and Haitien as 6 major points to make some comparison. According to thedistribution of woody plants in different regions an index of similarity is obtained by calculation and comparison. From Table (1) it shows that the flora of hilly region is more similar to that of the plain (index number=0.75) , and that of Potou and Paihuashan is also closely related (0.77), but the fora of rugged mountainous regions and plain are quite different. Among the 6 regions, hence, there is difference not only between the abundance of spp., but also the composition concerned. (4) Comparison of Peking flora with adjacent regions. By means of the same procedure, the index of similarity shows that, firstly, the ligneous flora of Peking are more closely related to North-east China (0.7). Secondly, it also has intimate relation with the flora of Honan Province, but in the latter nu merous Mid-China elememts are interfused. Thirdly, there are some distinct differences between flora of Peking and Sonthern part of Kiangsu Province. Lastly, the Peking flora appears to have loose relation with flora of Shantung Province and its relation with loes plateau ia also concerned. As stated above, this material seems to have some value of reference as a criterion in dividing the North China flora into provinces and snb-provinces. (5) Monotypic genera: Among the 10 monotypic genera in Peking flora recorded by Bunge (1833) only 4 are recognized as really monotypic at present, they are Xanthoceras, Oresttrophe, Hernistepta, Anemarrhena. (6) The transitional characters of elements of Peking flora: Due to its geographical and geological situation Peking flora has its European-Sibiria elements and Northeast China dements as the southern border, and on the contrary, some elements of tropical origin meet their north bonder just within this area. 2. Origin of Peking flora and its division. By the analysis stated above, it shows that Peking flora is practically as a part of North China flora. In Peking flora there are numerous elements as the relics of Tertiary flora, meanwhile*some migrating elements from other regions are also present, especially in plain. Elements of tropical origin as components of Peking flora indicate that they were either as remnants of tropical climate during geological time or as migrants after glaciation. For the furfher division of Peking flora, extensive work should be done to give a real prospect. It is difficult to define those limitations at present. However, it is evident to note that flora of rugged mountainous region, low hilly rigion and plain are very different, flora of western part and eastern part of rugged mountainous region are also quite unlike; this seems as an useful reference for floristic division of Peking area.

一、北京的植物区系成分 1.科、属、种的统计和分析。 (1) 区系统计:根据“北京植物志”记载,北京共有维管束植物153科、75属、1025种。 (2) 主要科的分析;被子植物中10个主要科依次为: 菊科(Compositae),10%禾本科(Gramineae),9%豆科(Leguminosae),6%蔷薇科(Rosaceae),6%百合科(Liliaceae),4%莎草科(Cyperaceae),4%繖形科(Umbelliferae),3.8%毛茛科(Ranunculaceae),3.6%十字花科(Cruciferae),2%石竹科(Caryophyllaceae),2% (3) 木本植物统计:共有自生木本植物45科、96属、199种,豹占维管束植物的总数的19%,属的总数的13%弱。 2.特有植物:北京特有植物多与华北区系共有,根据标本与记载可以作为北京特有种的共7—9种,如槭叶铁线莲(Clematis acerifolia Maxim.)产于百花山、上方山,北京蛇床(cnidium Smithii(Wolff)W.T.Wang)特产于百花山、杨家坪,北京当归(Ligusticum Wawrae Wol...

一、北京的植物区系成分 1.科、属、种的统计和分析。 (1) 区系统计:根据“北京植物志”记载,北京共有维管束植物153科、75属、1025种。 (2) 主要科的分析;被子植物中10个主要科依次为: 菊科(Compositae),10%禾本科(Gramineae),9%豆科(Leguminosae),6%蔷薇科(Rosaceae),6%百合科(Liliaceae),4%莎草科(Cyperaceae),4%繖形科(Umbelliferae),3.8%毛茛科(Ranunculaceae),3.6%十字花科(Cruciferae),2%石竹科(Caryophyllaceae),2% (3) 木本植物统计:共有自生木本植物45科、96属、199种,豹占维管束植物的总数的19%,属的总数的13%弱。 2.特有植物:北京特有植物多与华北区系共有,根据标本与记载可以作为北京特有种的共7—9种,如槭叶铁线莲(Clematis acerifolia Maxim.)产于百花山、上方山,北京蛇床(cnidium Smithii(Wolff)W.T.Wang)特产于百花山、杨家坪,北京当归(Ligusticum Wawrae Wolff)特产于门头沟的戒台,此外与华北共有的特有种约20余种,如文冠果(Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bge.)。 3.北京市各主要地区植物区系的比较,为了确定北京各地区区系特点,选择坡头、百花山、金山、上方山、潭柘和海淀区进行了区系统计,并根据木本植物的分布求出各地区之间的相似性的指标,结果表明低山区与平原区的区系最为亲近(0.75以上);坡头和百花山之间的关系也很紧密(0.77),而深山区与平原区的区系有显著的区别。区系统计方面,6个地区不但种的丰富程度和主要科的比重各有不同,种类成分也有差異。 4.北京地区与邻近地区植物区系的比较:根据北京木本植物区系与东北、山东、泰山、河南、苏南等地区的木本植物相似性指标可以看出,北京区系与东北区系的相似性最大(0.7),并指出很多华北成分与东北南部共通。次为河南(0.67),但河南南部有大量华中成分侵入,形成显著的区别,而和苏南以及山东半岛区系的差别比较明显。此外,指出北京区系与山东区系的关系较为疏远,也指出了北京区系与黄土高原区系的联系,这些材料对划分华北区系中省和亚省的范围有一定参考价值。 5.单种属:1883年Bunge描述的10个单种属尚有4种是单种属,即独根草属(Oresitrophe)、文冠果属(Xanthoceras)、泥胡菜属(Hamistepta)和知母属(Anemarrhena)。 6.北京植物区系的过渡性:北京地区处于华北植物省的边缘,成为欧洲——西伯利亚植物区系和我国东北地区区系分布的南界,而是热带超缘科属分布的北界,后者共28科,约30属以上。二、关于区系超源和区划根据以上分析可以看出北京植物区系实际上是华北植物区系的一部分,很多特有种和华北区是共同的,表明北京区系的形成和发展与华北及东北南部区系形成和发展是一致的。北京区系及华北区系中既有大量的第三纪植物区系的残遗,也有不少迁移而来的区系成分,在平原低山区更为显著。不少是有热带亲缘科属及其中华北特有属的存在说明可能有部分植物是在地史上的热带气候下产生而残留至今,或是冰期后重新迁移而来的。在区系区划方面,很多调查工作还待进行,尚难确定各小区的界限。但从北京各地区的自然地理条件、区系特点和植被特点的比较来看,深山区和平原低山丘陵区的差别显著,东部深山区和西部深山区有所不同,平原区和低山区也有一定的差别,又各有一定的特有种,都可作为区系区划的参考。

 
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