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外在成本
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  external cost
     In terms of business financial affairs, tax is an external cost that is imposed on enterprises. Tax saving means gaining net-profit directly for enterprises.
     从企业财务角度来看,税收是企业必须支付的一项外在成本,节约税收支出等于直接增加企业净收益。
短句来源
     Government's opportunity cost, risk cost, hint cost, and external cost belong to unreality government cost.
     政府的机会成本、风险成本、暗示成本、外在成本等属于非现实性政府成本。
短句来源
  “外在成本”译为未确定词的双语例句
     But in terms of business financial affairs, tax is an internal cost which are imposed to pay. Tax saving means gaining net-profit directly for enterprises.
     但从企业财务角度来看,税收是企业必须支付的一项外在成本,节约税收支付等于直接增加企业净收益。
短句来源
     It includes the cost of administrative legislation itself and the social cost of administrative legislation.
     行政立法的外在成本和机会成本高。
短句来源
     This paper aims to analyze the correlation between the land expropriation agents mostly from the behavior of governments, enterprises, rural collective and farmers, especially, appraises the costs and benefits for the operation of land expropriation system and systematically evaluates its external costs.
     研究目的:从政府、企业、农村集体及农户等征地主体行为角度,分析中国征地制度运行中各征地主体之间的相互关系,评价政府行使土地征用权的成本和收益以及由此而带来的农户及企业响应的成本和外在成本等。
短句来源
     The results indicate that the local governments misuse the land eminent domain to seek for their own interests. The farmers' behavior under the lower compensation criteria brings about the higher external costs for governments, enterprises and society and results in the inefficient land expropriation system.
     研究结果:地方政府滥用征地权是追求自身利益最大化的结果,低标准补偿下农户行为给政府、企业、社会带来了较高的外在成本,导致征地效率损失。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Study on Environmental Internalization and Externalization
     论环境成本内在化与外在
短句来源
     It includes the cost of administrative legislation itself and the social cost of administrative legislation.
     行政立法的外在成本和机会成本高。
短句来源
     Cost System Englineering
     成本系统工程
短句来源
     ( b ) lower cost;
     (b)成本低;
短句来源
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  external cost
The implementation of marginal external cost pricing in road transport
      
This article discusses a number of issues that will become increasingly important now that the concept of marginal external cost pricing becomes more likely to be implemented as a policy strategy in transport in reality.
      
The first part of the article deals with the long-run efficiency of marginal external cost pricing.
      
This paper discusses the effects of alternative waysof using external cost estimates to regulateinvestments and generation in the electricityproduction sector.
      
Comparison of the conventional cost benefit analysis with the environmental cost benefit analysis showed the significance of the external cost of the proposed facility, resulting from the environmental damages.
      
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Administrative regulations play an important role in the modern legal system, and owe their origin and existence to the interaction of many different social factors. The inefficiency of administrative regulations, however, forces us to seek reform of the traditional thinking on administrative legislation. Administrative regulations have to function in society within the limit of law. Their feasibility and effect must stand the test of economic analysis in law. The interaction between internal cost and external...

Administrative regulations play an important role in the modern legal system, and owe their origin and existence to the interaction of many different social factors. The inefficiency of administrative regulations, however, forces us to seek reform of the traditional thinking on administrative legislation. Administrative regulations have to function in society within the limit of law. Their feasibility and effect must stand the test of economic analysis in law. The interaction between internal cost and external cost in the procedure of administrative legislation must thus be dealt with in a scientific way. The imbalanced match between right and responsibility in the logic structure of administrative rules requires action. The public interests of administrative rules must be emphasized in conformity with the purpose of legalization as well as the form of the system.

行政规章在现代法律体系中占有重要地位, 其产生和存在是社会众多因素综合作用的结果。但是, 行政规章的低效益性要求我们革新传统的行政立法观念。行政规章对社会生产生活的干预应在必要的法律事项和限度内, 其可行性和效果要经受法律经济分析方法的检测, 应科学处理行政立法程序中决策成本和外在成本的相互关系。行政规章丛生以及其逻辑结构中权利与义务的非均衡配置, 是立法寻租的表现, 必须从立法目的和制度设计上强化行政规章的公共利益性

A lot of environmental problems that belong to global problem, which any countries or country groups can not solve these by themselves, need for international social members extensively to participate and cooperate to solve them. Therefore, the paper studies several ecological problems crossing the boundary, such as to be caused by international trade and to be caused by international investment. The paper puts forward that international ecological taxation is an effective method, which can prompt people who...

A lot of environmental problems that belong to global problem, which any countries or country groups can not solve these by themselves, need for international social members extensively to participate and cooperate to solve them. Therefore, the paper studies several ecological problems crossing the boundary, such as to be caused by international trade and to be caused by international investment. The paper puts forward that international ecological taxation is an effective method, which can prompt people who destroy ecological environment to develop new clear technique in order to decontaminate and reduce tax. The paper also points out that the international quota of ecological tax should be distributed by the historic, accumulative and realistic outflow discharge of greenhouse gases, according to the principle of justice "Who pollutes, who compensates." International green fund which is based on international ecological tax should give priority ecological compensation to developing countries and indigent districts where people planted trees in large scale and preserve natural forest. Another thing, which should be considered, is that environmental cost ought to be listed into international trade items, because the main reason of trade destroying environment is that environmental value do not properly reflect in the prices of goods and serves. Finally, to ensure implementation of international ecological taxation in effect, we should adopt the strategy of higher tax rate and narrow tax bass, because the higher tax rate can ensure effectively to reduce environment pollution and the narrow tax bass can cut down the gross ratal in order to decrease resistance carrying out international ecological taxation.

众多的环境问题均是跨越国界的全球性问题 ,任何一个国家或国家集团都不可能独自解决 ,需要国际社会成员的广泛参与合作。为此 ,本文探讨了越境生态问题的产生、由贸易产生的跨国外部性、以及由跨国投资引起的环境外部性等问题。提出了利用国际生态税收是一个有效率的方法 ,它可以促使生态破坏者去研究开发技术来消除污染以减轻税负。并指出在国际生态税的分配上应坚持“谁污染 ,谁补偿”的公正原则 ,以历史的、积累的和现实的温室气体排放量为标准来进行分配。以此为基础形成的“国际绿色基金” ,应优先对发展中国家或贫困地区从事大面积人工造林和保护天然林所产生的生态效益给予补偿。其次 ,从贸易对环境的破坏影响来看 ,其产生的主要原因是贸易中并没有将自然资源利用、环境破坏等外在成本适当地反映在商品和服务的市场价格中 ,使环境使用不当。因此为保护贸易的自然资源基础 ,应该将环境成本的内在化列入贸易条款。另外 ,为确保国际生态税的有效实施 ,应采取高税率、窄税基的策略。高税率是为了确保环境治理的效率 ;窄税基是仅选择少数危害最大的污染种类 ,随条件成熟的程度再逐渐扩大征税范围。这样可使总税额在初期较低 ,而减少国际生态税实施的阻力

To building the Social Market Economy is to improve the financial investment results. It needs an objective standard to evaluate the financial investment results. The means to improve the results include the determination of the range and scale of the investment, the analysis of the cost-benifit of the investment project, the analysis of the outside benifit and the outside cost of the project.

提高财政投资效益是建设社会主义市场经济的需要 ,评价财政投资效益必须要有客观标准 ,提高效益的手段有 :确定财政投资的范围和规模 ,对投资项目进行成本———效益分析 ,对项目的外在效益和外在成本进行分析等

 
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