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文明国家
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  civilized country
     Under the constitutional system, it is the basic requirement of building a modern and civilized country to develop the democracy and republicanism.
     在宪政的体制下发扬民主 ,完善共和 ,是建设现代文明国家的基本要求。
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     At the beginning of the 20 century American President Wilson raised the point of international “new freedom”,“U.S. leading the world”,and the division of “civilized country”and “dictatorship regime”,holding that national system decides war and peace. In the late period of the century it developed into the main content of “democrary and comment”.
     20世纪初美国总统威尔逊的国际“新自由”中关于美国“引导世界”、划分“文明国家”和“独裁政权” ,认为国家制度决定战争与和平等观点 ,在 2 0世纪后期最终发展成为“民主和平论”的主要内容。
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     To vigorously develop forest tourism is both the need of building a civilized country and the needs of restructuring the forestry industry and promoting the social stability in forest regions.
     大力发展森林旅游业,既是建设文明国家的需要,又是调整林业产业结构、促进林区社会稳定的需要。
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     The privatization reform and political democracy reform laid a foundation for Russia's walking up to a common civilized country.
     叶利钦的私有化改革与宪政民主改革,确立了俄罗斯“走向正常文明国家”的基础,但权力系统的侵蚀和改革经验、力量的不足,也使这场规模和复杂性不亚于中国的改革实验,成为绕开人民的改革。
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  civilized countries
     However, China and other ancient civilized countries suffocated science development when strengthening the control over material resources.
     相反,在中国或其他古老文明国家,在加强对物质资料集权控制的同时,限制和扼杀了科学发展的活力。
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     The discourse of the relationship between ancient Greek geological features and human beings,of the ancient Greek spirit out of literary thoughts and philosophy,of the formation of democratic city-state system,in comparison with the spirits of ancient civilized countries like China leads us to see the man-conquer-the-nature spirit coming form ancient Greek culture.
     通过对古希腊的地理特征与人的关系,文学思想和哲学思想所反映出来的古希腊精神,民主城邦制传统的形成等几个方面的论述和把古希腊精神同中国等古文明国家的精神相比较,从而明确古希腊文化所折射出来的战胜自然的精神。
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     One is that the international relations and law based on the sovereignty and sovereignty equality have been formed among the so called "civilized countries" in Europe, which is also the common concept of human rights;
     文章指出:世界近代史上的主权与人权关系是以欧洲自我中心为基础的二元关系,一是欧洲所谓“文明国家”之间形成了以主权和主权平等为基础的国际关系和国际法,并此基础上提出普遍的人权概念;
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     the other is that the so called "civilized countries" in Europe with their accompanying international law haven't been admitted that non-European countries are sovereign states and consequently they have denied the basil human rights possessed by people in there countries both in theory and practice.
     二是欧洲所谓“文明国家”及其所谓的国际法不承认非欧洲国家是主权国家,因而在理论和实践上都否定这些国家人民享有基本人权。
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     Envoys were dispatched to China (then in Tang Dynasty) to absorb its advanced culture avidly, in the hope of being labeled as one of the civilized countries.
     对外积极拓展,在竭力缔造“东亚小帝国”的同时,派遣赴唐使节,如饥似渴地汲取唐朝的先进文化,努力跻身于文明国家的行列。
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  civilized state
     Based on this, I propose a “jurisprudence of law-makers” with a view to re-focusing jurisprudence on state and politics in a boarder theoretical context, so as to integrate the “jurisprudence of jurists” in a technical sense, and consider the theoretical questions facing China in its transformation as a national and civilized state.
     在此基础上,作者提出“立法者的法理学”,试图在更广阔的理论背景上,重新把国家与政治作为法理学思考的中心,从而在技术意义上整合“法律人的法理学”,思考中国在民族国家与文明国家的转型中面临的理论问题。
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  “文明国家”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In practices,while German foreign policy is sticking to Multilateralism principle of “integration in the west”,and promoting the civilization and legislation of international relations,it is still conditioned and influenced by the reality of interdependence in international politics.
     在实践中 ,德国外交政策致力于多边主义原则 ,坚持“西方一体化”取向 ,推动国际关系的文明化和法治化 ,但它同时也受相互依存的国际政治现实的制约和影响。 德国“文明国家”外交政策仍然有其发展的限度。
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     The constitutionalism has become one of the most important symbols of a modern country.
     宪政如今已成为现代文明国家的重要标志之一。
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     The rule of law is inevitable choice of the modern civilized nations.
     法治是现代文明国家的必然选择。
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     Nigeria is a modern civilization country with a long history in Africa, it is the most populous, richest country of Black Africa.
     尼日利亚是非洲一个历史悠久的现代文明国家,是黑非洲人口最多、最富有的国家。
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     Manage the country through the good legal system, realize the sustainable development of the society, this had already got general approval and been put into practice in the modern civilization country.
     通过良好的法律制度来治理国家,实现社会的可持续发展,这在现代文明国家已经获得普遍的认同并被付诸实践。
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  civilized country
This will never be a civilized country until we expend more money for books than we do for chewing gum.
      
  civilized countries
Any illconditions of these systems may affect the sinuses, too, which is frequently observed in civilized countries with high level of pollution and toxification.
      
In the last decade the number of patients with congestive heart failure has increased noticeably and today heart failure is one of the major problems in civilized countries.
      
Today such property rights in civilized countries are enforced by elaborate registers and the legal system.
      


Nationalism is a highly condensation of political - culture system accumulated on the tradition of a nation. It means all human relations in society such as race,community, family , possession system have to be controlled and restrained within the state system while the politics is regarded as a target of collectivism , Which a certain group possesses the power to make decisions for government affairs . The purpose of this paper is to explain the influence of nationalism on some political trends of thought,...

Nationalism is a highly condensation of political - culture system accumulated on the tradition of a nation. It means all human relations in society such as race,community, family , possession system have to be controlled and restrained within the state system while the politics is regarded as a target of collectivism , Which a certain group possesses the power to make decisions for government affairs . The purpose of this paper is to explain the influence of nationalism on some political trends of thought, from radicalism in the early stage of capitalist countries, to the fax of authoritativeness in its later stage,then to the ideal of populism in many agricultural countries with civilization. It is also expounds the potential role played in the future development by the variation of nationalism.

国家主义是一个民族传统中积淀的政治文化制度的最高概括。它意味着种族、社群、家庭、占有制等一切社会关系都必须置于国家体制的约束和箝制之下,政治也被理解为某个群体有权决定国家政务的集体主义目标。本文旨在说明国家主义对早期资本主义国家中的激进主义思潮、后发资本主义国家中的权威主义架构、众多农业文明国家的民粹主义理想等政治思潮的影响,以及这些国家主义变异在未来发展中的潜在作用。

The republicanism has been a kind of political organization form pursued by politicians and jurists for thousand years. Republicanism can make full use of various political resources, while the democracy is a main form of the regime worshipped by people of modern society, that is to say, people is the host of the country and make its own decision. The core of constitutionalism is to abolish absolute sovereignty and to emphasize the restrictions to sovereignty by the constitution so as to ensure and protect people's...

The republicanism has been a kind of political organization form pursued by politicians and jurists for thousand years. Republicanism can make full use of various political resources, while the democracy is a main form of the regime worshipped by people of modern society, that is to say, people is the host of the country and make its own decision. The core of constitutionalism is to abolish absolute sovereignty and to emphasize the restrictions to sovereignty by the constitution so as to ensure and protect people's right. There's no conflict between the republicanism and democracy. Democracy is an important part of republicanism, for there's no republicanism without democracy. But there should have restrictions on the democracy. Republicanism should receive the baptism of democracy and democratic republicanism is confirmed by the constitution. Under the constitutional system, it is the basic requirement of building a modern and civilized country to develop the democracy and republicanism.

共和国是千百年来政治法律家们所追求的政权组织形式。共和主义可以使各种社会政治资源得以充分利用。民主是人民当家作主 ,自己决定自己的事业 ,是近现代人们所推崇的政体的主流形式。宪政主义的核心是废除绝对主权 ,强调对宪法限制统治权 ,确认并保护人民的权利。共和与民主并不矛盾 ,民主是共和的重要组成部分 ,没有民主就没有共和 ,但民主必须受到节制 ,共和必须接受民主的洗礼 ,民主共和必须由宪法予以确认。在宪政的体制下发扬民主 ,完善共和 ,是建设现代文明国家的基本要求。

The profound Chinese learning and the experience of studying abroad has shaped Sun Yat-sen's peculiar view of civilization. Firstly, his evolution theory system is not one-dimensional, but multidimensional. Secondly, he distinguished the material civilization and the spiritual civilization. In the past one hundred years, China fell behind the Europe in terms of both material and spiritual civilization. Sun Yat-sen held that a new theory “difficult to know,ease to act” should be followed to reconstruct Chinese...

The profound Chinese learning and the experience of studying abroad has shaped Sun Yat-sen's peculiar view of civilization. Firstly, his evolution theory system is not one-dimensional, but multidimensional. Secondly, he distinguished the material civilization and the spiritual civilization. In the past one hundred years, China fell behind the Europe in terms of both material and spiritual civilization. Sun Yat-sen held that a new theory “difficult to know,ease to act” should be followed to reconstruct Chinese civilization.

孙中山早年游学欧美 ,于中学亦颇有心得 ,从而形成独特的文明观。孙中山的进化思想体系并不是单线的 ,而是多线循环并进的。这是他文明观的第一个特点。第二个特点 ,是他对物质文明和心性 (精神 )文明的区分。这种文明的二分法往往与东方和西方的对立联系在一起。近百年来 ,中国不仅在物质文明方面远远落后于欧洲 ,而且现实道德水准、政治情形也落后于欧美文明国家。孙中山将中国文明不进步的原因归结于“知之非艰 ,行之惟艰”学说的错误 ,为了再造中华文明 ,就必须打破这一成说 ,建立“知难行易”说。“知难行易”是孙中山再造中华文明的总方针 ,在具体方法上 ,则不外乎恢复旧有的中华文明传统和吸取先进的西洋文明的长处两条途径

 
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