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辐射危害
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  radiation hazard
    The method of social evaluation for uraninm miner's lung cancer and radiation hazard is introduced in this paper.
    本文介绍了评价铀矿工肺癌及辐射危害的社会经济负担方法。
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  radiation hazard
A possibility is considered for predicting the radiation hazard onboard orbital stations upon the appearance of solar proton events using dosimeter data from a geosynchronous orbit.
      
It is shown that 3H that has formed in the process of NPP operation and entered the environment is not a radiation hazard to the population and natural objects.
      
The exposure rate on the surface of the examined samples is found to be equal to 15-20 μr/h, i.e., to lie at the background level, which means that these samples are not an external radiation hazard for population.
      
The concentrations of natural radionuclides in sediment of Wei River of China were measured using γ-ray spectrometry with the aim of estimating the radiation hazard as establishing a database for radioactivity levels of river sediment of China.
      
Patients treated with radioiodine present a radiation hazard and precautions are necessary to limit the radiation dose to family members, nursing staff and members of the public.
      
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The method of social evaluation for uraninm miner's lung cancer and radiation hazard is introduced in this paper. The development in the field of application of economical analysis for ventilation and radiation protection in uranium mines is related. Developing the individual protection device from radon and radon daughters is proposed as an orientation of research work.

本文介绍了评价铀矿工肺癌及辐射危害的社会经济负担方法。列举国内外铀矿山通风防护工作中应用经济分析方法所取得的进展,论述了防氡及氡子体的经济评价方法,推荐把氡子体局部或个体防护器具的研究作为近期重要发展方向之一。

The main factors of radiation hazards in uranium mines are radioactive dust, radon and its daughters. Those hazards often result in contracted silicosis and lung cancer among miners. However, they can be fully avoided if some active radiation protections are taken up. According to the statistics (incomplete) over the Past thirty years, the annual average silicosis rate in China uranium mines is only 0.083%, far less than that of coal mines and metal mines. On the other hand, the average lung cancer rate is 1.95...

The main factors of radiation hazards in uranium mines are radioactive dust, radon and its daughters. Those hazards often result in contracted silicosis and lung cancer among miners. However, they can be fully avoided if some active radiation protections are taken up. According to the statistics (incomplete) over the Past thirty years, the annual average silicosis rate in China uranium mines is only 0.083%, far less than that of coal mines and metal mines. On the other hand, the average lung cancer rate is 1.95 persons/105 persons · annum, which is also very low.

铀矿山的主要辐射危害因素是放射性粉尘、氡气及其子体。辐射危害的结果是铀矿工患矽肺病和肺癌。只要采取有效的防护措施,矽肺和肺癌都是可以防止的。

Experience in ionization radiation protection and some important

尹庆文.电离辐射防护的发展及其在核测井中的应用.测井技术,1999,23(4):312~318着重介绍电离辐射防护经验及其相关科学重要研究成果;人类对辐射危害的认识及科学辐射防护思想与防护体系确立近20多年来的重大发展。据此就核测井电离辐射防护所面临的问题作初步探讨,以期引起核测井科技界对电离辐射防护科学及核测井电离辐射防护问题的关注。指出了今后核测井领域电离辐射防护的努力方向,并提出了具体的建议。

 
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