The topic of the second chapter is "the depressed individual: the core image creating of the May 4th Literature", which holds to the core image and analyzes the creating of the individual image from two aspects: spiritual form and physical form.
The topic of the first chapter in the text is " the Humanistic Literature: the ontic image creating of the May 4th Literature", which is to discuss the ontic image creating and reasons in the dynamic procession of the Literature theory construction in the May 4th movement.
But, the idea which he founds popularization of literature becomes the basic trend of Chinese modern literature development , and unceasingly present in the May 4th Literature movement, the proletariat literature, even the contemporary literature.
Humanism is the banner and symbol of May Fourth literature, and the dream and pursuit of modern Chinese writers, not only because it represents a modernity that is completely different from the Chinese traditional values, but because it provides an opportunity for Chinese literature to join world literature.
It discusses the inheritance and development of Ibsen' s "A Doll' s House" ,which reflected in Nora image of the May Fourth literature. This is divided into three aspects:Nora before the awake, Nora after the awake and Nora after fleeing.
The arguments about literary forms and skills in modern Chinese history should be regarded as the development of rhetorical aspects of the May 4th literature rather than as the reaction of the May 4th literary spirit.
The tendency of the westernization of the May 4th literary ontology shows not only the advantage of modernity of western literature and literary criticism, but also the deep influence of the anti-tradition May 4th on the construction of literary ontology.