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碘试验
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  iodine test
    We canceled the iodine test. Points added together were used to make the colposcopic diagnosis. 0 point suggested normal or chronic cervicitis,1-2 points suggested CIN Ⅰ,3 -4 points CIN Ⅱ,5-6 points CIN Ⅲ.
    用5%醋酸涂宫颈后通过阴道镜观察宫颈上皮和血管变化,根据颜色改变、病变边界及血管变化分别评0~2分,取消碘试验,最后以三者之和作出阴道镜诊断,总分0分为正常或慢性宫颈炎、1~2分为CIN、3~4分为CINⅡ、5~6分CINⅢ。
短句来源
    Methods The results of colposcopy in 1853 patients were analyzed. The inspections of colposcopy included visual observation, 3% acetic acid test, iodine test, computer image collection and pathological diagnosis.
    方法 对 1995年 1月至 2 0 0 3年 8月本院 185 3例门诊病人阴道镜检查结果 ,包括肉眼观察、3 %醋酸试验、碘试验、图像采集和病理学结果进行分析。
短句来源
    Methods The detection was taken at 2~14 days post menstrua with SLC-2000 vaginoscope. The primary detection was taken to clean up secretion and then 3% acetic acid test to image vagina if iodine test was necessary. The biopsy was taken in abnormal area for pathology.
    方法应用金科威SLC-2000阴道镜,于月经后第2~14 d做阴道检查,先用干棉球擦拭宫颈,去掉分泌物,作初步观察,后以3%醋酸作醋酸试验,仔细观察阴道图像,必要时作碘试验,在异常图像区域取活检组织,送病理检查。
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  “碘试验”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Conclusion The diagnostic value of visual inspection is very low;
    结论 肉眼观测辅以醋酸和碘试验诊断价值很低 ;
短句来源
    Methods 398 patients received colposcopic examinations were multiple biopsied and scored according to Reid's colposcopic index.
    方法对398例阴道镜检查患者根据宫颈病灶边界、颜色、血管及碘试验情况行Reid评分,同时取宫颈组织行病理组织学检查。
短句来源
    Heterogenous iodine staining were mostly for chronic cervicitis(95. 9%).
    醋酸白色上皮中,碘试验均异常,碘不均质着色处活检多为宫颈炎,占95.9%;
短句来源
    Conclusion The finding of acetowhite epithelium during colposcopy is closely correlated with CIN.
    碘试验异常与CIN呈负相关(r=-0.32,P<0.001)。
短句来源
    With combined iodine staining test, unnecessary biopsies could be avoided with increase of biopsy accuracy.
    结论阴道镜下醋酸白色上皮与CIN密切相关,结合碘试验,可减少不必要的活检,并提高活检的准确性。
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  iodine test
Nine of the patients underwent Minor's starch iodine test and Frey's syndrome was confirmed.
      
In 3 short-term inhalation studies differences between test animals and the controls were observed by means of morphological methods and the 131iodine test after 2, 4 and 10 days of exposure.
      
A subjective clinical questionnaire and the objective Minor's starch iodine test were used to evaluate the incidence of this syndrome.
      
There was a significant association with the starch iodine test and the presence of the flap (p = 0.0016).
      
Iodine test and glucose oxidase-peroxidase reagent strips were used, in the field, for identification of starch and glucose, respectively.
      
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Objective To investigate the feasibility and practicability of the Reid's colposcopic index ( RCI). Methods We observed the cervical epithelium and vessels change after using 5% acetic acid on the base of RCI. 0 - 2 points were given to the cervix according to the margin,color and vessels. We canceled the iodine test. Points added together were used to make the colposcopic diagnosis. 0 point suggested normal or chronic cervicitis,1-2 points suggested CIN Ⅰ,3 -4 points CIN Ⅱ,5-6 points CIN Ⅲ. Results Comparing...

Objective To investigate the feasibility and practicability of the Reid's colposcopic index ( RCI). Methods We observed the cervical epithelium and vessels change after using 5% acetic acid on the base of RCI. 0 - 2 points were given to the cervix according to the margin,color and vessels. We canceled the iodine test. Points added together were used to make the colposcopic diagnosis. 0 point suggested normal or chronic cervicitis,1-2 points suggested CIN Ⅰ,3 -4 points CIN Ⅱ,5-6 points CIN Ⅲ. Results Comparing RCI with pathological outcome, coincidence rate was 60. 98% . Including one grade deviation, the coincidence rate was 96. 95% . While the positive rate was 84. 75% , false positive rate was 42. 85% and false negative rate was 16. 95% . Conclusion RCI has a high coincidence rate with biopsy. False positive rate is a little bit high in the diagnosis of low grade malignant change.

目的 探讨阴道镜Reid评分(RCI)的可行性和实用性。方法 以Reid评分为标准,对其进行改良。用5%醋酸涂宫颈后通过阴道镜观察宫颈上皮和血管变化,根据颜色改变、病变边界及血管变化分别评0~2分,取消碘试验,最后以三者之和作出阴道镜诊断,总分0分为正常或慢性宫颈炎、1~2分为CIN、3~4分为CINⅡ、5~6分CINⅢ。结果 阴道镜诊断与组织病理学结果进行对照,完全符合率是60.98%,包括相差一个级别在内者符合率96.95%。阳性率84.75%,假阳性率42.85%,假阴性率16.95%。结论 改良的阴道镜Reid评分(RCI)与组织病理学有较高的符合率,诊断低度病变存在假阳性。

Objective To evaluate the value of colposcopy for diagnosing cervical pathologic change. Methods The results of colposcopy in 1853 patients were analyzed. The inspections of colposcopy included visual observation, 3% acetic acid test, iodine test, computer image collection and pathological diagnosis. Results Histopathological examination showed that 172 patients had cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN), including 91 patients with CIN grade Ⅰ, 52 patients with CIN grade Ⅱ, 29 patients with CIN grade...

Objective To evaluate the value of colposcopy for diagnosing cervical pathologic change. Methods The results of colposcopy in 1853 patients were analyzed. The inspections of colposcopy included visual observation, 3% acetic acid test, iodine test, computer image collection and pathological diagnosis. Results Histopathological examination showed that 172 patients had cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN), including 91 patients with CIN grade Ⅰ, 52 patients with CIN grade Ⅱ, 29 patients with CIN grade Ⅲ and 8 patients with carcinoma in situs of cervix; 163 patients had condyloma accuminatum; 5 patients had tuberculosis of cervix; 35 patients had polypi; 1 patient had papilloma. The results of colposcopy were 78 patients with CIN, including 49 cases of grade Ⅰ, 22 cases of grade Ⅱ, 7 cases of grade Ⅲ. 41 cases (52.56%) matched to results of pathological diagnosis. Conclusions Colposcopy combining with clinical situation was a good method with high sensitivity and accuracy for finding CIN. Combining with pathological diagnosis will increase the accuracy .

目的 评价阴道镜检查对宫颈病变的诊断价值。方法 对 1995年 1月至 2 0 0 3年 8月本院 185 3例门诊病人阴道镜检查结果 ,包括肉眼观察、3 %醋酸试验、碘试验、图像采集和病理学结果进行分析。结果 子宫颈非典型性增生 172例 ,其中CINⅠ 91例 ,CINⅡ 5 2例 ,CINⅢ 2 9例 ,宫颈原位癌 8例 ;慢性宫颈炎 3 0 5例 ;尖锐湿疣 163例 ;宫颈结核 5例 ;息肉 3 5例 ;乳头状瘤 1例。阴道镜诊断CIN 78例 ,其中CINⅠ 49例 ,CINⅡ 2 2例 ,CINⅢ 7例 ,与病理诊断CIN相符合共 41例 ,诊断符合率 5 2 .5 6%。结论 采用阴道镜检查 ,结合临床表现 ,有明显的敏感性和高阴性预防测值的优点 ,准确性好 ,与病理学结合可提高宫颈病变诊断准确率 ,对宫颈病变的正确诊断 ,以及CIN筛选有重要价值。

Objective This study was designed to explore a best program of the early screening of the cervical cancer. Methods From March to April in 2003,50 cases were detected with visual inspecti on (assisted with iodine and acetic acid test),colposcopy,Thinprep cytologic tes t and HC-Ⅱ for HPV DNA test.Biopsy was used as golden criteria.The sensitivit y(Se),specificity (Sp),efficiency (e),positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV),Youden's index (J) and Kappa value of the 4 methods were compared.Results...

Objective This study was designed to explore a best program of the early screening of the cervical cancer. Methods From March to April in 2003,50 cases were detected with visual inspecti on (assisted with iodine and acetic acid test),colposcopy,Thinprep cytologic tes t and HC-Ⅱ for HPV DNA test.Biopsy was used as golden criteria.The sensitivit y(Se),specificity (Sp),efficiency (e),positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV),Youden's index (J) and Kappa value of the 4 methods were compared.Results Using biopsy result as a golden standard,the sensitivity,specificity,efficiency, PP V,NPV,Youden's index and Kappa value of each diagnostic test listed respectively as follows,visual inspection (33.33%,74.47%,72.00%,7.69%,94.59%,0.0780, 0.0270),Colposcopy (33.33%,91.49%,88.00%,20.00%,95.56%,0.2482,0.1892),Th inprep Pap (66.67%,97.87%,96.00%,66.67%,97.87%,0.8227,0.6454),HC-Ⅱ for HPV test (100%,85.11%,86.00%,30.00%,100.00%,0.8511,0.4067). Conclusion The diagnostic value of visual inspection is very low;Thinprep cytology and H C-Ⅱ for HPV test are suitable for cervical cancer screening test;NPV is ver y high if two methods are combined for early screening test;colposcopy is not su itable for early screening test but a diagnostic method.

目的 通过比较 4种常用方法 ,以期找到宫颈癌早期筛查的最佳方案。方法  2 0 0 3年 3~ 4月 ,选取华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院门诊阴道镜室接诊病例 5 0例 ,以病理检查作为金标准 ,采用肉眼观测 (辅以醋酸和碘试验 )、阴道镜检查、液基细胞学检查 (TCT)、HC Ⅱ法HPVDNA检测等 4种常用方法 ,对比其特异性、敏感性、准确性、约登指数及Kappa值。结果  4种检测方法敏感性、特异性、准确性、阳性预测值、阴性预测值、约登指数及Kappa值依次为 :肉眼观测辅以醋酸和碘试验 (33 33%、74 4 7%、72 0 0 %、7 6 9%、94 5 9%、0 0 780、0 0 2 70 ) ,阴道镜检查 (33 33%、91 4 9%、88 0 0 %、2 0 0 0 %、95 5 6 %、0 2 4 82、0 1892 ) ,液基细胞学检查 (6 6 6 7%、97 87%、96 0 0 %、6 6 6 7%、97 87%、0 82 2 7、0 6 4 5 4 ) ,HC Ⅱ法HPVDNA (10 0 %、85 11%、86 ...

目的 通过比较 4种常用方法 ,以期找到宫颈癌早期筛查的最佳方案。方法  2 0 0 3年 3~ 4月 ,选取华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院门诊阴道镜室接诊病例 5 0例 ,以病理检查作为金标准 ,采用肉眼观测 (辅以醋酸和碘试验 )、阴道镜检查、液基细胞学检查 (TCT)、HC Ⅱ法HPVDNA检测等 4种常用方法 ,对比其特异性、敏感性、准确性、约登指数及Kappa值。结果  4种检测方法敏感性、特异性、准确性、阳性预测值、阴性预测值、约登指数及Kappa值依次为 :肉眼观测辅以醋酸和碘试验 (33 33%、74 4 7%、72 0 0 %、7 6 9%、94 5 9%、0 0 780、0 0 2 70 ) ,阴道镜检查 (33 33%、91 4 9%、88 0 0 %、2 0 0 0 %、95 5 6 %、0 2 4 82、0 1892 ) ,液基细胞学检查 (6 6 6 7%、97 87%、96 0 0 %、6 6 6 7%、97 87%、0 82 2 7、0 6 4 5 4 ) ,HC Ⅱ法HPVDNA (10 0 %、85 11%、86 0 0 %、30 0 0 %、10 0 0 0 %、0 85 11、0 4 0 6 7)。结论 肉眼观测辅以醋酸和碘试验诊断价值很低 ;液基细胞学检测和HC Ⅱ法HPVDNA检测两者均为宫颈癌早期筛查的可选方法 ,两种方法联合应用阴性预测值高 ,阴道镜检测不适用于早期筛查。

 
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