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毒囊
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  “毒囊”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Examine the 50% embryo lethal dose (ELD50) of the strain GX8/99 and the cell-cloned virus separately, and examine the mean tissue culture infective dose (TCID50 ) of the cell-cloned virus .
     对超强毒IBDV GX8/99株原始毒囊毒及其克隆化细胞毒进行ELD50测定,并对克隆化细胞毒进行TCID50测定。
短句来源
     Antigen_capture enzyme_linked immlnoadsorption assay (AC_ELISA) mediated by monoclonal antibodies,agar gel precipitation(AGP) and fast indicator slip kit (FIS) were used for detection of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) antigen in both SPF and commercial chicken bursas and embryos inoculated with virulent and attenuated strains.
     用单抗介导的抗原捕获_酶联免疫吸附试验 (AC_ELISA)、琼脂扩散试验 (AGP)快速诊断试纸条 (ISK)对感染同株强毒或弱毒囊病病毒 (IBDV)的鸡胚和鸡法氏囊中的病毒抗原效价进行了检测比较。
短句来源
     The detection limit of purified IBV antigen and allantioic fluid of IBV was 0. 703ng with each dot(0. 3515ug/ml), and 102.9EID50 respectively. IBV litre in inoculated eggs was highest from 36 to 54 hours post inoculation (p. i. )
     不出现斑点为阴性结果。 SECCA对1B抗原最低检测量为0.703ng/点(2μl),对含毒囊液的最低检测为102.9EID50检测IBVM41在鸡胚中繁殖时以36-54h含毒最高;
     Conotoxins, which excreted from the venom gland of the venom canal, are mostly small, disulfide-rich peptides with 12~40 amino acids in length.
     芋螺毒素由芋螺毒液管和毒囊内壁的毒腺分泌,多数由12~40个氨基酸组成,富含二硫键。
短句来源
     a一Bungarotoxin had no such effects as described above.
     a一眼环蛇毒囊无上述作用。
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  相似匹配句对
     A Poison Tree
    
短句来源
     Cytochalasin B
     细胞B
短句来源
     The bursa became atrophy at the 6th month of PI.
     接后6个月,法氏萎缩。
短句来源
     The bursa atrophied at the 6th month of PI.
     接后6个月,法氏萎缩。
短句来源
     Cystic Fibrosis
     性纤维化
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  poison sac
was cultured from dauer juveniles recovered from the poison sac of a female sweat bee, Halictus brunnescens from Ankara, Turkey, in June 2004.
      
We identified the probable storage location of the chemical as the poison sac, and found both fresh (1?day) and old (21?day) extracts of poison sacs to be equally effective in inducing executions.
      
Interspecific trail following activity of poison sac contents from four species of leaf-cutting ants was investigated.
      
With only one exception, all the species tested followed trails made from each others poison sac contents.
      
However when the ants were given a choice of following one of two separate trails, clear differences were shown in the poison sac contents of the three species tested.
      
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Objective: To investigate the effect of Qngdutuire decoction powder(QDP) on endotoxie fever and itsinflueneon plasma arginine pitressin (AVP), endotoxin (ET ) and nitric oxidc (N0 ) levels. Meth0ds: 165 pationtswith endotoxic fever were randomly divided int0 2 groups: cither trcatment with QDP group(n = 12O) or antibioticgroup(n = 45), and 30 healthy volunteers served as controls. Changcs in plasma AVP, ET and NO lcvcls werc de-termined in patients before and after treatment. Results: There were significant...

Objective: To investigate the effect of Qngdutuire decoction powder(QDP) on endotoxie fever and itsinflueneon plasma arginine pitressin (AVP), endotoxin (ET ) and nitric oxidc (N0 ) levels. Meth0ds: 165 pationtswith endotoxic fever were randomly divided int0 2 groups: cither trcatment with QDP group(n = 12O) or antibioticgroup(n = 45), and 30 healthy volunteers served as controls. Changcs in plasma AVP, ET and NO lcvcls werc de-termined in patients before and after treatment. Results: There were significant differcnce betwecn thc QDP groupand the antibiotic group in cure rate and mean course of therapy(P < 0. O5 ). After QDP trcatmcnt, plasma AVP,ET and NO levels wcre(7. 09 ±O. 52pg/mL, 0. 12 t±0. 08EU/mL and 89. 03±14. 74μmol/L) respectively, whichwere significantly low comparcd with that prior to therapy(10. 46 ±0. 80pg/mL, 0. 47 ±0. 6EU/mL and 124. 6l ±l7. l9μmol/L boh P < 0. 01 ). After antibiotic treatment, plasma ET levels(0. 28 ± 0 . 05EU/ml,) wcrc significant-ly high compored tith that QDP group(0. l2 ± 0. 05EU/mL both P < 0. 01 ). Conclusions: QDP has a good effect onpatients with endotoxic fever. It also has regulatory effect on AVP, NO and ET. QDP is of bcnefit in reducing in-flammation , kill germ, allay a fever and eliminate end endotoxin in patients with endotoxie fever.

目的:探讨清毒退热煮散剂(QDP)汉疗内毒素发热的疗效及对血浆精氨酸加压素(AVP)、内毒囊(ET)和一氧化氮(NO)水平的影响。方法:165例内毒素发热患者,随机分为给予QDP治疗120例,抗生素45例.疗程均为3d。观察治疗前后AVP、ET和NO水平变化,并与正常对照(30例)比较。结果:经服用QDP后,治疗组总有效率和显效率明显优于抗生素组(P<0.05);血浆AVP(7.09±0.5pg/mL)、ET(0.12±0.08EU/ml,)和NO(89.03±14.7μmol/L)含量均比治疗前(AVP10.46±0.80pg/mL,ET0.35±0.05EU/mL和NO124.61±17.19μmol/L)显著下降(P<0.01)。经抗生素治疗后血浆ET(0.28±0.05EU/mL)含量显著高于服用QDP组(0.12±0.08EU/mL,P<O.01)。结论:QDP治疗ET性发热,不仅可提高疗效,缩短疗程,而且可显著纠正ET性患者异常的AVP、NO和ET水平;同时表明QDP对内毒素发热具有消炎、杀菌、解热和清除内毒素的功能。

Antigen_capture enzyme_linked immlnoadsorption assay (AC_ELISA) mediated by monoclonal antibodies,agar gel precipitation(AGP) and fast indicator slip kit (FIS) were used for detection of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) antigen in both SPF and commercial chicken bursas and embryos inoculated with virulent and attenuated strains.The antigen titers of the virulent samples detected by AC_ELISA, AGP and FIS were 10 -6.0 , 2 -3.0 ,and 10 -3.0 in bursas, separately, and 10 -1.0 , O and O in...

Antigen_capture enzyme_linked immlnoadsorption assay (AC_ELISA) mediated by monoclonal antibodies,agar gel precipitation(AGP) and fast indicator slip kit (FIS) were used for detection of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) antigen in both SPF and commercial chicken bursas and embryos inoculated with virulent and attenuated strains.The antigen titers of the virulent samples detected by AC_ELISA, AGP and FIS were 10 -6.0 , 2 -3.0 ,and 10 -3.0 in bursas, separately, and 10 -1.0 , O and O in embryos, separately. The virulent IBDV antigen was detected only by AC_ELISA from the first passage embryos only, and was not detected by all three methods from the subseqent passages. Low antigen titer of attenuated IBDV was only detected from infected bursa by AC_ELISA but not from embryo by all three methods.

用单抗介导的抗原捕获_酶联免疫吸附试验 (AC_ELISA)、琼脂扩散试验 (AGP)快速诊断试纸条 (ISK)对感染同株强毒或弱毒囊病病毒 (IBDV)的鸡胚和鸡法氏囊中的病毒抗原效价进行了检测比较。结果表明 ,上述 3种方法测得法氏囊中强毒IBDV抗原效价分别为 10 -6 .0 (AC_ELISA)、2 -3.0 (AGP)和 10 -3.0 ;测得鸡胚中强毒IBDV抗原效价依次为 10 -1.0 、0和 0。强毒株接种鸡胚后 ,只有第 1代鸡胚组织可被AC_ELISA测到低效价的IBDV抗原 ,而第 2代以后则未能测到病毒抗原。弱毒疫苗株IBDV感染鸡后 ,法氏囊中可测到低效价抗原 ,但感染鸡胚后则无可测性病毒抗原

Morphology and ultrastructure of venom apparatus from two species of parasitic wasps of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera:Plutellidae), Cotesia plutellae (Hymenoptera:Braconidae)& Diadegma semiclausum (Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae), were observed and compared by using light and electron microscope. Their venom apparatus had same struture: one venom reservoir and two gland filaments. But there was different juncture of gland filaments and reservoir between them: The gland filaments joined together at the...

Morphology and ultrastructure of venom apparatus from two species of parasitic wasps of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera:Plutellidae), Cotesia plutellae (Hymenoptera:Braconidae)& Diadegma semiclausum (Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae), were observed and compared by using light and electron microscope. Their venom apparatus had same struture: one venom reservoir and two gland filaments. But there was different juncture of gland filaments and reservoir between them: The gland filaments joined together at the end of reservoir in Cotesia plutellae, but at the top of reservoir in Diadegma semiclausum . Their gland filaments consisted of an outer single layer of secretory cells, a layer of degenerated ectodermal cells and an inner intima which lined the lumen. Secretory cells contained a lot of organelles: RER, mitochondrion, Golgi body, lysosomes and vacuole, in which vesicular organelles secreted the components of venom. The nucleus of secretory cells was branched in Diadegma semiclausum. The reservoir consisted of three layers as muscular sheath, secretory cells and squamous cells in Diadegma semiclausum , and the secretory cells were projected into lumen of reservoir. There was no secretory cells in reservoir of Cotesia plutellae , but its intima was thickened by chitin coat. Many myeloid bodies were observed in degenerated secretory cells from female Cotesia plutellae. The significance of venom apparatus of parasitic wasps in biology, cytology and evolution taxonomy were discussed.

应用超薄切片和电镜技术 ,观察比较了两种小菜蛾的内寄生蜂———小菜蛾盘绒茧蜂和半闭弯尾姬蜂毒液器官的形态结构。两种蜂的毒液器官均由一个毒囊和两条毒腺组成 ,但毒腺与毒囊的连接位点不同 ,毒腺分别接于毒囊的基部和顶端。它们的毒腺均由分泌细胞、退化的外胚层细胞和环腔的内膜三层结构构成 ,分泌细胞内含司分泌毒液的囊状细胞器及大量的内质网、线粒体、高尔基体、溶酶体和液泡。半闭弯尾姬蜂的分泌细胞内有分支的细胞核。小菜蛾盘绒茧蜂的毒囊由肌肉鞘和扁平细胞层构成 ,内膜呈波浪状内突并沿囊腔有几丁质增厚 ;半闭弯尾姬蜂的毒囊由肌肉鞘、分泌细胞和扁平细胞三层构成 ,分泌细胞基部内陷成一系列大的突起 ,这些结构与雌蜂的分泌和排出毒液的行为密切相关。在衰老的小菜蛾盘绒茧蜂的腺细胞中还存在大量的髓样体。本文就两种寄生蜂毒液器官的生物学、细胞生理学及相关的分类进化的意义进行了讨论。

 
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