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抗战
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  anti-japanese war
     The Trade Relation between Hong Kong and Guangdong after the Anti-Japanese War(1945.9-1949.10)
     略论抗战后的粤港贸易关系(1945.9-1949.10)
短句来源
     Culture in the Anti-Japanese War and the Culture of Chongqing In the 21st Century
     抗战文化与面向21世纪的重庆文化
短句来源
     On the “Home Front” Anti-Japanese War Movies in China (1949-2003)
     论新中国“敌后战场”抗战电影(1949-2003)
短句来源
     The Anti-Japanese War Movies from 1932 to 2005
     一种题材 别样风采——中国“抗战题材”电影述评(1932-2005)
短句来源
     Inward Population Migration and Education and Culture of Guangxi in Anti-Japanese War
     抗战时期人口内迁与广西的教育和文化
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  japanese war
     Therefore,at the end of 1939 and the beginning of 1940,the strategic stalemate finally formed in the Anti Japanese War in China.
     因此 ,至 1939年底、1940年初 ,中国的抗战战局才完全地处于战略相持阶段
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     A Discssionon on the Understanding and Practice of the Communist Party of China on Rural Cooperation before the Anti Japanese War
     试论抗战前中国共产党对农村合作化的认识与实践
短句来源
     During Sino Japanese war, the relationship of Christian colleges in China and national government was much closer than before.
     抗战期间基督教大学和政府之间的关系比以前更加紧密 ,基督教大学对国家的忠诚、为国家所做的服务以及在美国进行的关于抗战宣传 ,得到了政府肯定和表彰。
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     Character Analysis in Novels about Families During the Anti Japanese War
     抗战时期家族小说人物形象分析
短句来源
     Analysis of the Structure of Migrants During the Anti——Japanese War
     抗战时期迁移人口的结构分析——浙江省个案研究
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  “抗战”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research on the Nationalist Government's Anti-smuggling during the Resistance War Against Japan(1931--1945)
     抗战时期国民政府缉私研究(1931——1945)
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     Complete Collapse of Kuomintang's Rural Economy After the War against Japan
     试论抗战胜利后国统区的农业经济全面崩溃
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     Salt Transport of Guizhou in Anti-Janpanese War
     抗战时期贵州盐运纪略
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     Japanese Aggressor Troops' Sexual Violence Against Women in China──An Investigation of the Victims' to the SexualViolence Commited by Japanese Soldiers in YuxianCounty, Shanxi Province, in the War of ResistanceAgainst Japan
     侵华日军性暴力对中国女性的摧残──抗战时期山西盂县日军性暴力受害者调查
短句来源
     Attempt at Ma Yinchu’s Theory of Currency Stabilization
     试论抗战时期马寅初的稳定币值理论
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  anti-japanese war
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
Academic scholars in China have been discussing this since the New Culture Movement and Anti-Japanese War.
      
For example, the Chinese People's Memorial Hall of Anti-Japanese War was first built in 1987 and rebuilt in 1995.
      
For example, the 50th anniversary of anti-fascist and anti-Japanese war was celebrated in 1995.
      
  japanese war
The Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905: Reality and concoctions
      
Inoue, indeed, does not refer to this Treaty at all in another of his articles where he concludes that Jpan seized these islands as the victor in the 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese War.
      
In the aftermath of the 1894-95 Sino-Japanese War, Chinese reformers, radicals, and revolutionaries turned to Japanese and Western science as an intellectual weapon to destroy the perceived backwardness of China.
      
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
During the Second World War Harbin was a major city in the puppet-state ofManzhouguo, the industrial heart of the Japanese war effort in East Asia.The Garden of Grand Vision was a flophouse complex located in the Chineseslums of Harbin.
      
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As in general in all time service works, the problem is to obtain and keep an accurate time, to determine the corrections of standard clock and to transmit time signals. This present report is concerned only with the last two items. At Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory, radio method was introduced into time service in 1914. Some rigorous changes occured in 1926, a number of instruments were installed. Many of them are still in use. In 1940, the observatory began to transmit rhythmic signals twice a day. From then on until...

As in general in all time service works, the problem is to obtain and keep an accurate time, to determine the corrections of standard clock and to transmit time signals. This present report is concerned only with the last two items. At Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory, radio method was introduced into time service in 1914. Some rigorous changes occured in 1926, a number of instruments were installed. Many of them are still in use. In 1940, the observatory began to transmit rhythmic signals twice a day. From then on until December 1950, no further developments were made. The main instruments we had in 1950 were: a 80mm Prin transit with impersonal micrometer, two Leroy pendulums as standard clocks, three astronomical clocks and their slaves, equipments for receiving and recording time signals, etc. Since 1952, we began to make some improvements, especially on rhythmic signals. First, we converted a common clock into a "transmitting clock" to obtain 61 impulses in every minute and second by making use of photoelectric arrangement (Fig. 1), we succeeded to raise the accuracy of our signals. To improve signal accuracy further, we have to deal with various sources of errors which are conditioned by our equipments. The most important among these are: 1. error in prediction of corrections of the standard clocks, 2. error in the adjustment of the transmitting clock and 3. time lag in transmission. In consequence of last three-year's research, these errors are reasonably reduced. The first two are now±0~s.007 and ±0~s.005 respectively and the last is small. Accordingly, the deviation of time signals XSG has been supposed to be±0~s.01. However, this is not enough for the requirement. The more efforts are being made to bring further improvements. But as the requirements for signal accuracy is far above what the present installation can offer, some new equipments are ordered and they will joint in force with the old ones in the nearest future. Since February 1954, Zi-Ka-Wei Observatory has cooperated with the time service departments in Soviet Union. This has been helpful to our works in every way.

授時包括测時、守時和播時三个主要方面。在時號的发播中包含了预報主钟改正量的差误,工作钟的調節誤差和電路遲滯变化等三种誤差。如果使用石英钟及有關设备,这就可基本解决。各台站在其天文观测基础上订定的時號改正數也包含有偶然差和系统差,比較全面解決的只有蘇聯和国際時間局这两个标准系统。徐家匯觀象台授時工作歷史很久,作了一些工作,但抗戰以來,郎停滯不前,直到人民政府接办,才逐步在原有基礎上開展了改進。幾年来主要是改裝了一具工作钟,裝置光電设备以发播科学式時號,對時号精确度解决了秒距誤差和五分间誤差。工作钟的调节誤差被其本身品質所限,仍未解决,只是在加強值班工作之后,有了一定限度的提高,目前約為±0~s.005,在预报主钟改正量時,也有很大程度的不稳定,約為±0~s.007。所以時号的精确度在±0~s.01左右。要进一步提高质量,满足要求,有待於新設備的增添使用。在時号改正數方面,所存在的相當大的系统差,可採用蘇聯或国際時間局系統的改正數來避免。

~~

抗战以前,我国炼钢所需的最常用硅铁合金完全依赖国外输入.由于战时铁合金的来源断绝,不得不自行冶炼;这篇文字是作者在抗战时期.在国内首次从事冶炼的一篇总结.战时后方的工业生产条件极差,通过了多次的试炼和改进,克服了由于当时电源供应不足、原料品质低劣等所形成的种种困难,在生产实践过程中摸索出若干关于炼炉的设计,冶炼设备的构造,安装和运用,特别是连续自焙电极的制造和运用,以及对操作规律的掌握等经验,从而使生产指标达到了一定的水平.本文并介绍了一些简易的检验成品的方法.所提供的这些生产实践经验可供今后大规模冶炼硅铁合金的参考.一、前言二、硅铁冶炼的方法和原料的选择三、硅铁炉的设针四、连续自焙电极的制造和效果五、冶炼过程六、耗电量七、成品检验和处理八、技术研讨九、结论十、参考文献

~~

钨铁是冶炼高速工具钢、含钨冲模钢等各种合金钢的主要原料.我国是蕴藏和开采钨砂最多的国家;但在抗战以前尚无自产的钨铁,而且有关冶炼钨铁若干关键性问题的具体资料,在各国的科技文献中也极其缺乏.作者在抗战时期非常困难的生产条件下,首次在国内进行了多次的试炼和改进,总结这一系列实验的经验,对于钨铁生产实践,得到以下的若干结论,并作出若干相应的建议:在冶炼设备方面:对于间歇性生产的钨铁冶炼,主张采用能量在500~1,000千伏安的两相电炉,炉衬以纯净的炭质为最佳,并应装置吸尘设备和采用适当的电压.对于炉渣的选择,提出了参考炼铁炉炉渣成分进行冶炼的建议;并认为应使用炉前分析、严格地控制炉渣的组成和冶炼每批炉料的终点.总结了各种进料操作方法的优缺点,指出采用这些方法的适宜条件.本文探讨了控制钨铁中炭、锰、硫各项成分的具体措施,为了降低硫的含量和保证高度的钨回收率,从生产实践中得出了以食盐代替苏打,并尽量减少萤石的配料部分以粘土代替的初步结论.同时,指出在冶炼前应将原料加以严格的分类和选洗,以保证成品质量的提高.对鉴定成品质量的具体方法作出介绍,并对钨铁的成分规范提出了建议.此外,指出了降低钨铁冶炼成...

钨铁是冶炼高速工具钢、含钨冲模钢等各种合金钢的主要原料.我国是蕴藏和开采钨砂最多的国家;但在抗战以前尚无自产的钨铁,而且有关冶炼钨铁若干关键性问题的具体资料,在各国的科技文献中也极其缺乏.作者在抗战时期非常困难的生产条件下,首次在国内进行了多次的试炼和改进,总结这一系列实验的经验,对于钨铁生产实践,得到以下的若干结论,并作出若干相应的建议:在冶炼设备方面:对于间歇性生产的钨铁冶炼,主张采用能量在500~1,000千伏安的两相电炉,炉衬以纯净的炭质为最佳,并应装置吸尘设备和采用适当的电压.对于炉渣的选择,提出了参考炼铁炉炉渣成分进行冶炼的建议;并认为应使用炉前分析、严格地控制炉渣的组成和冶炼每批炉料的终点.总结了各种进料操作方法的优缺点,指出采用这些方法的适宜条件.本文探讨了控制钨铁中炭、锰、硫各项成分的具体措施,为了降低硫的含量和保证高度的钨回收率,从生产实践中得出了以食盐代替苏打,并尽量减少萤石的配料部分以粘土代替的初步结论.同时,指出在冶炼前应将原料加以严格的分类和选洗,以保证成品质量的提高.对鉴定成品质量的具体方法作出介绍,并对钨铁的成分规范提出了建议.此外,指出了降低钨铁冶炼成本的主要方向;建议深入地实验和研究炉渣炉尘的处理和利用.本文资料可提供从事冶炼钨铁合金工作者的参考、和有助于今后的正规生产工作.一、前言二、钨铁冶炼技术发展的简述三、冶炼方法概论四、钨铁的试炼五、技术研讨六、结论七、参考文献

 
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