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抗战    
相关语句
  anti-japanese war
    The Trade Relation between Hong Kong and Guangdong after the Anti-Japanese War(1945.9-1949.10)
    略论抗战后的粤港贸易关系(1945.9-1949.10)
短句来源
    It thinks "introducing from outside" was the basic motive force to form the Chongqing economy center in the period of Anti-Japanese war.
    第二部分,主要研究了抗战时期重庆经济“内联”的概况、主要原因、历史教训,认为抗战时期重庆经济的“内联”是抗战时期重庆经济中心形成的强大动力。
短句来源
    Governmental Management of Salt Trade During the Period of Anti-Japanese War
    抗战时期国民政府对盐务的管理
短句来源
    The Party's Policies on Private Industrial and Commercial Enterprises And the Private Industrial and Commercial Enterprises in Anti-Japanese Base Areas during the Period of Anti - Japanese War
    抗战时期党的私营工商业政策与抗日根据地的私营工商业
短句来源
    Japanese Economic Plunder and Control of Fujian During the Anti-Japanese War
    试论抗战时期日本对福建的经济统制与经济掠夺
短句来源
更多       
  anti-japanese war
    The Trade Relation between Hong Kong and Guangdong after the Anti-Japanese War(1945.9-1949.10)
    略论抗战后的粤港贸易关系(1945.9-1949.10)
短句来源
    It thinks "introducing from outside" was the basic motive force to form the Chongqing economy center in the period of Anti-Japanese war.
    第二部分,主要研究了抗战时期重庆经济“内联”的概况、主要原因、历史教训,认为抗战时期重庆经济的“内联”是抗战时期重庆经济中心形成的强大动力。
短句来源
    Governmental Management of Salt Trade During the Period of Anti-Japanese War
    抗战时期国民政府对盐务的管理
短句来源
    The Party's Policies on Private Industrial and Commercial Enterprises And the Private Industrial and Commercial Enterprises in Anti-Japanese Base Areas during the Period of Anti - Japanese War
    抗战时期党的私营工商业政策与抗日根据地的私营工商业
短句来源
    Japanese Economic Plunder and Control of Fujian During the Anti-Japanese War
    试论抗战时期日本对福建的经济统制与经济掠夺
短句来源
更多       
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  anti-japanese war
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
Academic scholars in China have been discussing this since the New Culture Movement and Anti-Japanese War.
      
For example, the Chinese People's Memorial Hall of Anti-Japanese War was first built in 1987 and rebuilt in 1995.
      
For example, the 50th anniversary of anti-fascist and anti-Japanese war was celebrated in 1995.
      
  anti-japanese war
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
Academic scholars in China have been discussing this since the New Culture Movement and Anti-Japanese War.
      
For example, the Chinese People's Memorial Hall of Anti-Japanese War was first built in 1987 and rebuilt in 1995.
      
For example, the 50th anniversary of anti-fascist and anti-Japanese war was celebrated in 1995.
      
  the anti-japanese war
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
  the anti-japanese war
During the Anti-Japanese War, universities became an important arena for the competition between GMD and CCP, as well as the contention among various nationalist factions.
      
  其他


This paper deals with chiefly the policies and measures for handicraft adopted by both Beijing and Nanjing Governments during 1912-1937. According to it, the temporary industrial and commercial conference held in 1912 established the foundations for Beijing Government's handicraft policies, which gave an impetus to "Golden Times" of handicraft economy in 1920s. The proposal of the economic conference held in 1930 quickened the technology substitution in handicraft production and promoted the transformation...

This paper deals with chiefly the policies and measures for handicraft adopted by both Beijing and Nanjing Governments during 1912-1937. According to it, the temporary industrial and commercial conference held in 1912 established the foundations for Beijing Government's handicraft policies, which gave an impetus to "Golden Times" of handicraft economy in 1920s. The proposal of the economic conference held in 1930 quickened the technology substitution in handicraft production and promoted the transformation of the handicraft into machine production. It argues that Nanjing Government's policies of handcraft remolding which were in agreement with the objective law of economic development, to a certain degree, stirred up handicraftsmen's enthusiasm for technological innovation, thus promoting the advancement of handicraft industry economy.

本文主要论述了民初至抗战前北京和南京政府发展手工业经济的政策和措施。文章认为 ,1912年的全国临时工商会议为北京政府的手工业经济政策和措施提供了决策依据 ;这些政策及其措施推动了 2 0世纪 2 0年代手工业经济“黄金时代”的到来 ;193 0年的全国经济会议主张加速手工业生产中的技术替代 ,推动手工业向机器生产转化 ;南京政府对手工业的改造符合经济发展的客观规律 ,在一定程度上激发了手工业者改进技术的积极性 ,促进了手工业经济的进步

The knowledge of the rear-area economy during Anti-Japanese War relates to some relationships of economy: (1 )The economic relationship between center and locality shaped surrounding the rear-area economic leading system in wartime, this relationship was of dual characters that district economy was centralized and central economy was localizated. (2) The relationship between wartime economy and Peacetime economy, we could descry some differences of locality economic history and economic history during Anti-Japanese...

The knowledge of the rear-area economy during Anti-Japanese War relates to some relationships of economy: (1 )The economic relationship between center and locality shaped surrounding the rear-area economic leading system in wartime, this relationship was of dual characters that district economy was centralized and central economy was localizated. (2) The relationship between wartime economy and Peacetime economy, we could descry some differences of locality economic history and economic history during Anti-Japanese War in conception and angle of view by studying it. (3) The district relationship of wartime economy, the traditional economic zone of the upper reaches of the Yangtse rove undergone the adjustment and alteration from wartime rear-area economic zone to the postwar southwest economic zone due to the influence of wartime economy.

对战时后方经济的认识涉及若干经济关系。一是围绕战时后方经济领导体制而形成的中央与地方经济关系,这一经济关系带有明显的地方经济中央化和中央经济地方化的两重特征。二是战时经济与平时经济之间的关系,从中可以看出地方经济史与抗战经济史在概念与视角上存在的某些差异。三是战时经济的区域关系。由于战时经济的影响,传统的长江上游经济区经历了战时后方经济区到战后西南经济区的调整与变动。

After the Anti Japanese War, China was confronted with the arduous task of economic restoration and reconstruction involving such issues as land distribution, state capital and inflation. But the restoration and reconstruction did not last long as a new civil war broke out in China. As the Kuomintang deteriorated militarily and its controlled area gradually dwindled, it was extremely difficult to carry out normal economic activities, not to speak of economic development. The Kuomingtang failed to share people's...

After the Anti Japanese War, China was confronted with the arduous task of economic restoration and reconstruction involving such issues as land distribution, state capital and inflation. But the restoration and reconstruction did not last long as a new civil war broke out in China. As the Kuomintang deteriorated militarily and its controlled area gradually dwindled, it was extremely difficult to carry out normal economic activities, not to speak of economic development. The Kuomingtang failed to share people's wish to bring about peace and prosperity, but started the civil war. This underlies all the difficulties in China's economic restoration and reconstruction.

抗战胜利后 ,中国经济面临着恢复与重建的艰巨任务 ,其间包括解决土地分配、国家资本和通货膨胀等问题。但此一恢复与重建过程为时甚短 ,随着内战重起 ,国民党军事由盛而衰 ,其统治区日渐缩小 ,正常的经济活动已很难进行 ,更无论发展了 ,国民党没能把握国内人民望治心切的历史契机 ,内战成了战后中国经济恢复与重建中的种种困难的根本原因

 
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